Automobile Engineering 5th Semester Syllabus

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Sub Code: 10AU52

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 100


Designation and Mechanical properties of Engineering Materials, design considerations, basic design concept (strength consideration), Failure of brittle materials, Failure of ductile materials, factor of safety, criteria for selection of factor of safety, design of simple machine members subjected to static loading (including eccentric load) [limited to biaxial stresses (normal, shear, bending, torsional, crushing/bearing, principal stresses)]. 06 Hrs

UNIT – 2
THEORIES OF FAILURE – Maximum normal stress theory, Maximum shear stress theory, Distortion energy theory. STRESS CONCENTRATION, Stress concentration factor, design of simple elements with stress raisers. IMPACT STRENGTH: Introduction, Impact stresses due to axial, bending and torsional loads, effect of inertia. 06 Hrs

Introduction, types of fluctuating stresses, fatigue and endurance limit, S-N Diagram, Low cycle fatigue, High cycle fatigue, endurance limit modifying factors: load, size and surface factors, Stress concentration effects; notch sensitivity, design for infinite life, combined steady and variable stress, Soderberg and Goodman relationship, stresses due to combined loading, cumulative fatigue damage – Miner’s equation.
08 Hrs

Design of Cotter and Knuckle joints. Keys: Types of keys, Design of keys, Couplings, types of couplings, design of flange type of rigid coupling, design of Bush and Pin type of flexible couplings.
06 Hrs


Introduction, types of shafts, shafts subjected to combined bending and twisting, shaft design (including hollow shafts) based on strength, shaft design based on torsional rigidity, ASME code for shaft design.
07 Hrs

UNIT – 6
THREADED JOINTS: Introduction, basic terminology of screw threads, types Of screw threads, types of screw fastenings, designations of screw threads, Stresses in threaded fasteners due to static loading, Effect of initial tension, threaded joints for cylinder covers, design of eccentrically loaded bolted joints. 06 Hrs

UNIT – 7
RIVETED JOINTS – Introduction, methods of riveting, Types of rivets, rivet materials, types of riveted joints, failures of riveted joints, joint efficiency, design of boiler Joints.
06 Hrs

UNIT – 8
WELDED JOINTSIntroduction, types of welded joints, design of welded joints (butt joints, fillet welds, axially loaded unsymmetrical welded joints, eccentrically loaded welded joints),
POWER SCREWS: Introduction, Types of screw threads used for power screws, Design of Power Screws, efficiency, self-locking and over hauling. 07 Hrs

1. Design Data Hand Book by K. Mahadevan and Balaveera Reddy, CBS Publication
2. Design Data Hand Book – K. Lingaiah, McGraw Hill, 2nd Ed.2003.
3. PSG design data handbook by PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore.


  • 1. Design of Machine Elements: V.B. Bhandari, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2nd Edition 2007.
  • 2. A text book of Machine Design: R.S. Khurmi and J.K. Gupta, S.Chand & co.


  • 1. Mechanical Engineering Design: Joseph E Shigley and Charles R. Mischke. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, 8th Edition 2008.
  • 2. Theory and problems of Machine Design: Hall, Holowenko, Laughlin (Schaum’s Outlines series), Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.
  • 3. Machine design: Paul H. Black, McGraw-Hill International Book Company.
  • 4. Machine design-I: J.B.K. Das, Sapna book house, Bangalore.
  • 5. Machine design: Robert L Norton, Prentice hall.

Sub Code : 10AL 51

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100


UNIT – 1
MANAGEMENT: Introduction – Meaning – nature and characteristics of Management, Scope and Functional areas of management – Management as a science, art of profession – Management & Administration – Roles of Management, Levels of Management, Development of Management Thought – early management approaches – Modem management approaches.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
PLANNING: Nature, importance and purpose of planning process Objectives – Types of plans (Meaning Only) – Decision making Importance of planning – steps in planning & planning premises – Hierarchy of plans.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
ORGANIZING AND STAFFING: Nature and purpose of organization Principles of organization – Types of organization – Departmentation Committees- Centralization Vs Decentralization of authority. and responsibility – Span of control – MBO and MBE (Meaning Only) Nature and importance of staffing– :Process of Selection & Recruitment (in brief).
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
DIRECTING & CONTROLLING: Meaning and nature of directing Leadership styles, Motivation Theories, Communication – Meaning and importance – coordination, meaning and importance and Techniques of Co Ordination. Meaning and steps in controlling – Essentials of a sound control system – Methods of establishing control (in brief):
7 Hours


UNIT – 5
ENTREPRENEUR: Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of .the Concept; Functions of an Entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneur – an emerging. Class. Concept of Entrepreneurship – Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship; Stages in entrepreneurial process; Role of entrepreneurs in Economic Development; Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship – its Barriers.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES: Definition; Characteristics; Need and rationale; Objectives; Scope; role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI Steps to start and SSI – Government policy towards SSI; Different Policies of SSI; Government Support for SSI during 5 year plans. Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on SSI Effect of WTO/GA TT Supporting Agencies of Government for SSI, Meaning, Nature of support; Objectives; Functions; Types of Help; Ancillary Industry and Tiny Industry (Definition Only)
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
PREPARATION OF PROJECT: Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project Report; Need and Significance of Report; Contents; Formulation; Guidelines by Planning Commission for Project report; Network Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal. Identification of business opportunities: Market Feasibility Study; Technical Feasibility Study; Financial Feasibility Study & Social Feasibility Study.
7 Hours


  • 1. Principles of Management – P. C.Tripathi, P.N. Reddy – Tata McGraw Hill,
  • 2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management Vasant Desai – Himalaya Publishing House
  • 3. Entrepreneurship Development – Poornima. M. Charantimath Small Business Enterprises – Pearson Education – 2006 (2 & 4).


  • 1. Management Fundamentals – Concepts, Application, Skill Development – Robers Lusier – Thomson
  • 2. Entrepreneurship Development – S.S.Khanka – S.Chand & Co.
  • 3. Management – Stephen Robbins – Pearson Education/PHI – 17th Edition, 2003.

Sub Code: 10AU53

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 100


UNIT-I Introduction
Historical development of automobiles, Heat Engines & their classification. Reciprocating IC Engines – Basic Engine Components & Nomenclature, Principle of engine operation, Comparison of SI & CI Engines, Comparison of Two Stroke & Four Stroke Engines, Classification of I C engines, applications of IC Engines Four stroke engines, Principles of engine operation (SI & CI), Actual Valve timing – mechanical and dynamic factors, Relative merits & demerits of petrol & diesel engines.
7 Hrs

UNIT-2 Two stroke engines
Principles of engine operation (SI & CI), Port timing diagrams.
Types – Three port engine, Separate pumps or blowers, Symmetrical & unsymmetrical timing, Cross flow, loop flow & uniflow type Scavenging systems. Scavenging Process – Pre blow down, Blow down, Scavenging, Additional Charging. Theoretical Scavenging processes, Scavenging parameters, Comparison of Different Scavenging Systems; port design, scavenging pumps. Relative merits & demerits of petrol & diesel engines. 7 Hrs
II – Engine components – Classification/types, function, materials, construction details, manufacturing, Troubles & Remedies and Design of major dimensions of the following engine components

UNIT-3 Cylinder heads & Cylinder Block
Cylinder heads, Gaskets, cylinder wear, water jacket, Cylinder liners, and valve seats. Production of engine block – casting, cleaning, treatment, machining operations and transfer machines
6 Hrs

UNIT-4 Crank Case, Manifolds and Mufflers
Crank Case – General form of crank case, oil sumps and cooling features, flywheel mountings, Engine mountings, Front & Rear mountings. Manifolds and Mufflers – inlet and exhaust manifolds, mixture distribution, heating by exhaust gas, dual manifolds, General Design of Manifolds, effect of firing order, Mufflers, general design. 6 Hrs


UNIT-5 Piston, piston rings, piston pin
Piston Temperatures, piston slap, compensation of thermal expansion in pistons. Piston Rings, forms of gap, stresses in piston rings, ring collapse, heat treatment, piston ring selection, shape. Piston pin, locking of piston pins, length of piston. 7 Hrs

UNIT-6 Connecting rod
Length of rod, Cross section, Buckling, Drilled connecting rods, piston pin bearing, offset connecting rods, effects of whipping, bearing materials, lubrication . 6 Hrs

UNIT-7 Crank shaft
Balance weights, local balance, Crankshaft proportions, oil holes drilled in crank shafts, balancing , vibration dampers, firing order, bearings, lubrication. 6 Hrs

UNIT-8 Valve and valve mechanism
No. of Valves per cylinder, Angle of seat, Operating Conditions, operating temperatures, valve cooling, Sodium cooled valves, Valve rotators, valve seats, valve guides, , valve springs, valve clearance, valve timing, OHV, OHC, dual valves, types of valve operating mechanisms. Valve train component details, Camshaft,-drives of cams, cam types, tappets,-automatic zero clearance tappets, push rods, rocker arms & rocker Shaft. 7 Hrs


  • 1. High Speed Engines – P.M.Heldt, Oxford & IBH, 1965
  • 2. Auto Design – R.B Gupta, Satya Prakash, New Delhi 1999


  • 1. A course in I.C. Engine – Mathur & Sharma , Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi, 1994
  • 2. Internal Combustion Engines-V Ganesan, Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi, 2002
  • 3. Automobile Engineering Vol. II – Kirpal Singh, Standard publications, New Delhi, 2005
  • 4. Modern Petrol Engine – A.W.Judge, B.I. Publications. 1983
  • 5. I.C. Engine – Maleev & Litchy, McGraw Hill
  • 6. I.C.Engines – H.B.Keshwani, Standard Pub New Delhi., 1982
  • 7. Fundamentals of I.C.Engines – J.B.Heywood, McGraw Hill International Edition
  • 8. Machine design exercises – S.N.Trikha, Khanna publications, Delhi
  • 9. Machine design – P.C. Sharma & D.K. Aggarwal, S.K Kataria & sons, Delhi
  • 10. Machine design exercises – R K Jain, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
  • 11. Automotive mechanics – William H. Crouse, Tata Mc, Graw Hill Publications Co. New Delhi
  • 12. Theory & practice in I C Engines (vol. I & II)- C F Taylor

Sub Code: 10AU54

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 100


UNIT – 1 Static force analysis
Introduction, Static equilibrium, Equilibrium of two force, three force and four force members, Members with two forces and torque, Free body diagrams, Static force analysis (graphical) of four bar mechanism and slider-crank mechanism without friction, effect of sliding friction, friction in pin joints, Static force analysis (graphical) of four bar mechanism and slider-crank mechanism with friction. 06 Hours

UNIT – 2 Dynamic/Inertia force analysis
Introduction, D’Alembert’s principle, Inertia force, inertia torque, dynamically equivalent systems, correction couple, line of action of inertia force in a link, inertia force analysis (graphical) of a four bar mechanism, inertia force analysis (analytical) of slider crank mechanism [(i) neglecting the mass of the connecting rod; (ii) considering the mass of the connecting rod].
07 Hours

UNIT – 3 Flywheels
Introduction, Turning moment diagrams, Fluctuation of Energy and speed, energy stored in a flywheel, determination of size of flywheels. 07 Hours

UNIT – 4 Analysis of cams
Introduction, Analysis of (i) tangent cam with roller follower (ii) Circular arc cam with flat faced follower.
05 Hours


UNIT – 5 Balancing of rotating masses
Introduction, Static and dynamic balancing, balancing of single revolving mass by balancing masses in same plane and in different planes, Balancing of several masses revolving in the same plane, balancing of several masses revolving in different planes.
06 Hours

UNIT – 6 Balancing of reciprocating masses
Introduction, primary balancing, secondary balancing, Inertia effect of crank and connecting rod, balancing of single cylinder engine, balancing of multi cylinder-inline engine, balancing of radial engines, balancing of V – engines. 08 Hours

UNIT – 7 Governors:
Introduction, Types of governors; force analysis of Porter and Hartnell governors. Controlling force, stability, condition for stability, sensitiveness, isochronisms, hunting, effort and power of governor.
06 Hours

UNIT – 8 Gyroscopes
Introduction, Vectorial representation of angular motion, gyroscopic couple, effect of gyroscopic couple on bearings, aircraft, ship, stability of two wheelers and four wheelers.
07 Hours


  • 1. Theory of Machines: V.P. Singh, Dhanpat Rai & Co.
  • 2. Theory of Machines: Rattan S.S. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.
  • 3. Theory of Machines: Sadhu Singh, Pearson Publications


  • 1. Theory Of Machines And Mechanisms by Joseph E. Shigley, Jr. Uicker John, McGrawhill publications.
  • 2. Dynamics of Machinery by A.R.Holowenko, John Wiley & sons.
  • 3. Kinematics & Dynamics of Machinery by R L. Norton, Tata – McGraw Hill.
  • 4. Theory of Machines by R.S.Khurmi and J.K.Gupta, S.Chand and Co.
  • 5. Theory of Machines by P.L. Ballaney, Khanna Publishers.
  • 6. Theory of Machines by Dr. R.K. Bansal, Laxmi Publications.
  • 7. Theory of Machines-2 by J.B.K.Das, Sapna book house.

Sub Code: 10AU55

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 100


Carburetor principal, Properties of air-petrol mixtures, Mixture requirements for steady state and transient operation, Mixture formation studies of volatile fuels, design of elementary carburetor, Chokes, Effects of altitude on carburetion, Carburetor for 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines, carburetor systems for emission control. 6 Hrs

Petrol Injection Systems: Direct Injection, Indirect Injection, Injection considerations,Comparison of petrol injection and Carburetted fuel supply systems, K-jetronic fuel injectionsystem(Bosch), Ignition system.


UNIT-3 Fuel pump and Governors
Types, constructional features and operation, Factors influencing fuel spray atomization,penetration and dispersion of diesel and heavy oils and their properties, rate and duration of injection, fuel line hydraulics.
6 Hrs

UNIT-4 Types of diesel injection systems
CRDI, Inline Fuel Injection Pumps, Filters, transfer pumps (fuel feed pumps), injectors and nozzles – types, functions and necessities, fuel injection pump principle, ratio of piston displacement to fuel charge volume, delivery characteristics, injection lag, pressure waves in fuel lines.
6 Hrs


Intake system components, Discharge coefficient, Pressure drop, Air filter, Intake manifold, Connecting pipe, Exhaust system components, Exhaust manifold and exhaust pipe, Spark arresters, Waste heat recovery, Exhaust mufflers, Type of mufflers, exhaust manifold expansion.

Necessity, variation of gas temperature, Areas oh heat flow, heat transfer, piston and cylinder temperature,. Heat rejected to coolant, quantity of water required, cooling system, air cooling, water cooling, thermodynamics of forced circulation, thermostats, pressurized water cooling, regenerative cooling, comparison of air and water cooling, radiators – types, cooling fan – power requirement, antifreeze solution, types of coolant 8 Hrs

Lubricants, lubricating systems, Lubrication of piston rings, bearings, oil consumption, Oil cooling. Heat transfer coefficients, liquid and air cooled engines, coolants, additives and lubricity improvers, concept of adiabatic engines, oil filters, pumps, and crankcase ventilation – types.
6 Hrs

Purpose, thermodynamic cycle, effect on the performance, turbo charging, limits of supercharging for petrol and diesel engines. Modifications of an engine for super charging – methods of super charging – super charging and turbo charging of two stroke and four stroke engines.


  • 1.Mathur,M.L., and Sharma,R.P., “A Course in Internal Combustion Engines”, Dhanpat Rai Publications (P) Ltd., 1998.
  • 2. Kirpal singh, “Automobile Engineering Vol I & II”, Standard Pub, New Delhi, 20053.Heinz Heisler, “Advanced Engine Technology”, SAE International Publication


  • 1. Ramalingam,K.K, Internal Combustion Engine, Scitech Publication (India) Pvt.Ltd.2000.
  • 2. Domkundwar, V.M, A Course in Internal Combustion Engines, Dhanpat Rai and Co., 1999.
  • 3. Ganesan, V., Internal Combustion Engines, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1995.
  • 4. Duffy Smith, Auto Fuel Sytstems, The Good Heart Willcox Company Inc., Publishers, 1987.
  • 5. Edward F, Obert, Internal Combustion Engines and Air Pollution, Intext Education Publishers, 1980.
  • 6. H.B. Keshwani, “ I.C engines”, Standard publication, New delhi, !982
  • 7. R.K. Mohanty, “ Automobile Engineering Vol. I & II “ Standard Book house, New Delhi. 2006
  • 8. Automotive mechanics – William H. Crouse, Tata Mc,Graw Hill Publications Co. New Delhi
  • 9. Jack Erjavec, “ Automotive technology” 3rd Edition, Chennai, Micro Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd, 2004

Sub Code: 10AU56

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 100


UNIT-1 Energy Sources:
Exhaustible sources – crude oil, Natural gas, Inexhaustible sources – Solar energy, Wind power, Tidal Power, Geo-thermal power. Energy from Bio-gas, Synthetic fuels – Fuel Cells, Hydrogen- only a brief introduction. 4 Hrs

UNIT-2 Liquid Fuels:
Origin of petroleum, its chemistry, normal paraffin’s, isoparaffins, olefins, naphthalene and aromatics. Refining of petroleum: Fractional distillation, Cracking, Reforming process, Thermal reforming, polymerization, alkylation, and isomerisation. Properties and tests : Specific Gravity, viscosity, flash and fire points, calorific value, rating of fuels, vapour pressure, cloud and pour point, annealing point, diesel index, carbon residue and ash content determination

UNIT-3 Combustion of Fuels:
Combustion equation, conversion of gravimetric to volumetric analysis. Determination of theoretical minimum quantity of air for complete combustion. Determination of air fuel ratio for a given fuel.
Numerical problems, flue gas analysis, gas Chromatograph. 6 Hrs

UNIT-4 Petrol and Diesel Fuels:
Properties and rating of fuels, chemical energy of fuels, Reaction Equation, Properties of A/F mixture, combustion temp, combustion charts, Lead free gasoline’s, low and ultra – low sulphur diesels, LPG, CNG, Alcohols, Biodiesels, Gaseous Fuel Injections, Dual Fueling and Controls – CNG and Gasoline, Hydrogen and Diesel, Alcohols and Diesels etc.
ENGINE PERFORMANCE: Performance parameters BHP, FHP, IHP, specific fuel consumption, volumetric efficiency, Thermal efficiency, heat Balance sheet, Testing of Engines, Numerical problems

UNIT-5 Cycle Analysis:
Otto, Diesel, Dual, sterling and Brayton cycles, comparison of air standard, fuel air and actual cycles, simple problems on the above topics. Rotary engines. Stirling engine, Stratified charge engine
6 Hrs


UNIT-6 Combustion in S.I Engines
Initiation of combustion, flame velocities, effect of variables on flame propagation, normal and abnormal combustion, knocking combustion, pre-ignition, knock and engine variables, detonation, effects of engine variables on combustion, control of detonation, CFR engine, features and design consideration of combustion chambers, stratified charge combustion, concepts of lean burn engines, heat release correlations

UNIT-7 Combustion in C.I. Engines
Various stages of combustion, vaporization of fuel droplets and spray formation, air motion, swirl, squish, tumble flow, velocities, swirl measurement, and delay period correlations, diesel knock and engine variables, features and design considerations of combustion chambers, types, heat release correlations.

UNIT-8 Dual fuel and Multifuel Engines:
Combustion in dual fuel engines, Factor affecting combustion. Main types of gaseous fuels, Supercharge knock control & Performance of diesel fuel engines. Characteristics of multi fuel engines, Modification of fuel system, suitability of various engines as multi fuel unit, performance of multi fuel engines.


  • 1. I.C. Engines By Mathur & Sharma, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, New Delhi, 1994
  • 2. Fuels & Combustion by S.P. Sharma & Chandra Mohan, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,1987


  • 1. Ganesan, V, Internal Combustion Engines, Tata McGraw Hill Book Co., 1995.
  • 2. John B.Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw Hill Book, 1998
  • 3. Obert, E.F., Internal Combustion Engine and Air Pollution, International Text Book Publishers, 1983.
  • 4. Ram lingam, K.K., Internal Combustion Engines, SciTech Publications (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2000.
  • 5. Fuels & Combustion by Smith & Stinson,
  • 6. I.C. Engines by Lichty
  • 7. I.C. Engines by Maleev, CBS Pub.

Sub Code: 10AUL57

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 50

1. Study of hand tools- sketching, materials used and their applications.
2. Writing technical specifications and description of all types of automobile engines.
3. Study of traffic rules as per M.V. Act 1988 and driving practice of four wheel vehicle.
4. Trouble shooting charts for all engine components.
5. Note the specifications of given engines and component standard dimensions. Dismantle & assemble of engine components of SI and CI engines (Two stroke and four stroke engines) of any commercial vehicles, using special tools needed. Note procedure of dismantling & assembly; identify the major components, noting their functions & materials used. Measurement & comparison of major components dimension with standard specifications. Inspection for wear and tear, crack, breakdown. Identify the service requirements of engine, such as decarburizing, degreasing, sparkplug cleaning, fuel injector cleaning, etc.
6. Compression test, vacuum test on diesel and petrol engines.
7. Study (Dismantling & assembly): Different carburetors, fuel injection pumps, injectors, fuel tanks, fuel filters, fuel pumps, turbo-chargers, cooling systems and lubricating systems. Identify location of above components in a vehicle and note their functions along with the brand names.

Scheme of Examination
ONE Question from Chapter 1,2,3,4 10 Marks
ONE Question from Chapter 5 20 Marks
ONE Question from Chapter 6 & 7 10 Marks
Viva-Voce 10 Marks

Sub Code: 10AUL58

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks: 50

1. Determination of Flash and Fire Points of fuels and lubricants
2. Determination of calorific values of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels
3. Determination of viscosity of oils using Redwood, Say bolts and Torsion viscometer.
4. Measurement of areas of irregular figure Using of Plan meters
5. Determination of Carbon residue and Moisture content in a fuel.
6. Determination of cloud and pour points of light, medium and heavy oils.
7. Drawing of Valve and port timing diagram for a given engine.
8. Determination of compression ratio for a given engine.
9. Performance testing of fluid pumps.
10.Performance testing of air blower.
11.Determination of coefficient of discharge of venturi meter, orifice meter.
12.Determination of major and minor losses in pipe flow (bend, sudden expansion, sudden contraction, entry and exit).

Scheme of Examination
ONE Question from Chapter 1 to 8 15 Marks
ONE Question from Chapter 9-12 25 Marks
Viva-Voce 10 Marks

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