M.Arch Habitat Design 1st Semester Syllabus

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14HDS15: URBAN TRANSPORTATION AND NETWORKS: SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF HABITAT SYSTEMS.

CONTACT PERIODS: 3 (LECTURE) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 50
PER WEEK EXAM MARKS : 100

OBJECTIVE:
To introduce the fundamentals of urban transport planning, urban networks and multimodal transport systems
developed in response to and as an organizing factor of spatial structure of habitat systems.

OUTLINE:
Scope of urban transport planning, interdependency of transport & land use , stages – system approach to
transportation planning.
Urban Transportation systems; classification of transport systems; technological characteristics of transport modes and
systems; the nature of demand and supply of transport services.
Mobility Concept – Introduction- Pedestrian and motorized and non-motorized vehicles- Mobility Measures
Urban Transportation surveys: Definition of study area, zoning, types of surveys, Forecasting traffic in relation planned
land use.
Stages in Urban Transportation:
Trip Generation- Introduction-Definitions- Trip Purposes-Factors associated with Trip generation and Attraction- Method
of analysis- Multilinear Regression Analysis- Assumptions-Applications- Shortcomings (No Numerical Problems)
Trip Distribution- Introduction-Methods-Growth factor-Uniform growth factor-Average Growth factor-Fratar Methods and
synthetic analysis-Gravity Model- Simple Numerical Problems


Trip Assignment –definition- Applications- Resistance to travel- Minimum travel path tree-
Assignment Techniques-All- Or- Nothing- Multiple Route – Capacity Restraint- Diversion Curves
Modal Split : Introduction- Factors affecting- Modal Split in the Transportation Planning Process, Public Transportation
modes: Systems in India, problems and prospects, present practices in urban transportation. Metro, Mono, and high
capacity buses.
Parking in transport system, parking surveys, parking norms & standards and new approaches to parking systems.
Design of transport infrastructure.
Recent innovations in technologies and its probable impacts on future urban forms.
Government transport policies and evaluation of transportation proposals.

Reference books suggested:
1. Khanna and Justo -Highway Engineering
2. Kadiyali L R.-Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning
3. Dimitriou H.T.- Urban Transport Planning and Developmental Approach
4. Michael J Bruton,- An Introduction to Transportation Planning
5. John Black -Urban Transport Planning and Design

14HDC12: PLANNING THEORY AND TECHNIQUES

CONTACT PERIODS: 3 (LECTURE) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 50
PER WEEK EXAM MARKS : 100

OBJECTIVE:
To introduce the basic concept of urban planning in terms of tools and methods and their application in modern context.

OUTLINE:
Planning terms and definitions. Basic principles of planning of settlements.
Aims & Objectives of Physical Planning, Levels of Planning in India, Characteristics of Planning, Models of the Planning
Process, Components of settlement structure.
Preparation of Urban Development Plans, types, scope, purpose, contents and approaches to the interim and
comprehensive plans: Structure Plan, Master Plan, Zonal Development Plan, and Strategic Planning.
Theories of Urban structure, Urban Sub-systems
Concepts of Urban Land use, Systems affecting land uses and rationale for land use planning, Locational attributes of
urban landuses.
Legal frame work, Regulations, byelaws, standards and norms and their basis.
Survey Research Process – Primary & Secondary sources of data, techniques of data collection, analyzing and
presenting physical and socio-economic data, questionnaire design, administration of field surveys, Sampling, sample
designs, size, types, sources of various data in India
Techniques of understanding spatial structures of cities and towns. Analysis of structure of nodes, roads and networks
and spatial structure.
Use of aerial and satellite remote sensing for planning. Introduction to GIS

Suggested seminar topics/ term papers
Theories of Urban Planning, Choice Theory, Advocacy Planning, Action Planning, Mixed planning – Relevance in Indian
context

Reference books:
1. Arthur Gallion – Urban Pattern
2. Urbanization and Urban System by Siddhartha N.Mukherjee -Cities
3. Peter Hall -Urban and Regional Planning Planning
4. K.P.Yadav, Vol 1-5- Encyclopedia of Economic Planning and Development

14HDC13: ADVANCED THEORY OF DESIGN:
Architecture of Human Settlements, Theory of Urbanism

CONTACT PERIODS: 3 (LECTURE) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 50
PER WEEK EXAM MARKS : 100

OBJECTIVE:
To gain exposure to advances in Design theory and its impact on cities of India and other countries.

OUTLINE:
Design theory and its impact on cities of India and other countries. Modern architectural and urban design movements.
Post modernism and contemporary movements in art and architecture and urbanism. Critical study of Contemporary
views of urbanism.
Environmental perception, cognitive and mental maps, image of towns and cities. Theory of urban form. Metaphors and
iconic structures and their impacts.
Impact of structuralism and post structuralism, ideas of self similarity and fractals, neo classism, revivalism etc on
habitat design theory.
Organic habitats and designed habitats. Impact of culture on human settlements.
Historic core and contempory urbanism. Study of Ideas of historic layering of space and networks, lattices v/s trees as
urban structural metaphors, growth and value addition v/s. sustainability. Gandhian thought and its relevance. etc.
Behavioral issues in urban design; principles of urban spatial organization; urban scale, urban spaces, urban massing;
quality of urban enclosure.

Suggested seminar topics/ term papers
Readings on urbanism from contemporary literary and social commentaries.
Semiotics theory and reading habitat as a text. Myths and mythology of built environments.

Reference books:
1. Jon Lang -Creating Architectural Theory
2. Jon Lang -Urban Design
3. Kate Nesbit -Theorizing A New Agenda For Architecture
4. Geoffrey Broadbent, Richard Bunt, and Charles Jencks -Signs, Symbols and Architecture

14HDS14: SOCIETY, ECONOMICS AND THE HUMAN HABITAT

CONTACT PERIODS: 3 (LECTURE) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 50
PER WEEK EXAM MARKS : 100

OBJECTIVE:
To understand the Spatial, Social and Economic dimensions of the urban fabric and their implications in designing settlements.

OUTLINE:
Types and structure of Human settlements and the geographic parameters of topography, climate, natural resources
etc.
Concepts of culture, environment, society, community, groups; Social structure and institutions – continuity and change.
And their impact on structure of human habitat, cites and towns.
Economic base of settlements, Economic growth. Dichotomy of rich – poor in relation to development etc. and their
impact on habitat structure Economic issues in urban growth – Trends and patterns of Indian urban growth; Efficiency
versus equity. Real Estate setup, market and demand analysis.
Social and spatial dimensions in poverty in India. Concept of tradition, traditional social values, effects of technology
change, management and characteristics and states of conflict. Struggle for space, density overcrowding, urban stress
and gender issues. Slums and blights. Crime and spatial structure of cities.
Concept of informal sector, concern for urban poverty and its impact on habitat.

Suggested seminar topics/ term papers
Critical readings of selected essays and commentaries on contemporary urban society and habitat issues in India and
developing countries

Reference books suggested:
1. Ralph Thomlinson -Urban structure, social and Spatial character of cities
2. G.Duscan Mitchell -A new Dictionary of Sociology
3. Dr. Naseem A. Azad -Social and Economic Problems
4. Gordon Marshall -Oxford Dictionary of Sociology

14HDC11: HUMAN HABITAT: STUDIES AND DESIGN THOUGHT

CONTACT PERIODS: 3 (LECTURE) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 50
PER WEEK EXAM MARKS : 100

OBJECTIVE:
To introduce the students to the concept of holistic Habitat Design with Socio economic and Historic determinants and dimensions of urban Design and planning

OUTLINE:
Components of human habitat, Evolution of cities and towns in India, Socio economic and Historic determinants of
urban growth and urban form.
Reading the city. Social structure, cognition, experience and urban form. Dimensions of urban design. Grain texture
scale, socio spatial schema etc.Urban design vocabulary.
Habitat Design, Urban Design and their relation with planning and architecture. Views of Design of habitat as extension
architecture (mega architecture) and as architectural expression of planning.
Evolution of concepts of urban form and design in different cultures and in India. Utopian concepts.
Concepts in urban Design and planning.
Rise of Advocacy Planning, changing role of NGOs and Urban Social Movement in India.
Urban design survey – inventories; techniques/approaches to urban design;
Imageability, townscape and elements of urban design (Gordon Cullen, Kevin Lynch).
Historical examples of urban design projects.

Suggested seminar topics/ term papers
Emerging issues – social and communal conflicts in urban area
Urban design at micro level: campus planning, city centers, transportation corridors, and residential neighbourhood;
water fronts.

Reference books:
1. Kevin Lynch- Imageability of City
2. Camillo Sitte -City Planning according to Artistic principles
3. Kevin Lynch -Good City Form
4. Rob Krier -Urban street and Squares
5. Gordon Cullen -Townscapes
6. TSS for Urban Design

14HDC16: HABITAT DESIGN STUDIO I: (A SMALL COMMUNITY LEVEL STUDY OF EXISTING HABITATS)

CONTACT PERIODS: 15 (STUDIO) PROGRESSIVE MARKS: 200
PER WEEK VIVA MARKS : 200

OBJECTIVE:
The Habitat Studies Studio aims at studying and understanding the fabric of an existing habitat and also to understand
determinants and causative forces responsible for urban growth and change – the resulting physical manifestationsdevelopment
process to provide the student with studio skills related to contemporary design issues to fulfill the broad
conceptual frame of the courses.

OUTLINE:
Studio: Aims at study of an existing urban fabric and propose interventions
The Studio will be divided to the following modules:
a) Documentation of a precinct-
1. Addressing principles of site planning, natural features and environment, typology / morphology, density patterns etc.
2. Infrastructure and habitat management standpoint
3. Human network, through ownership, use cycles, associational value etc.
4. Presentation techniques
b) Identification of problems and issues.
c) Compiling the documentation as a report.
d) Proposed conceptual interventions.

The Design Workshop: The workshop – is a seminar course cum design conducted by invited professionals as well as
faculty who may demonstrate, the design development process of project. Projects may vary in scale and content and
should preferably raise urban level or fundamental design issues.
Studio exercises may be carried out in groups and interventions to be submitted individually.
Submissions shall be in the form of drawings and Report.
Knowledge of CAD is a prerequisite.

Reference books:
1. Cliff Moughtin -Urban Design – Street and Square
2. Kevin lynch -Site Planning

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