M.Tech 2nd Semester Automotive Engineering Syllabus

Download M.Tech Automotive Syllabus 2014 [PDF File] 

Sub Code : 14MAU253

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To understand the basics and different types of control system required for the Automotive vehicle for improvement of performance of vehicle

1. Chassis and Drive Line Control
Components of chassis management system – role of various sensors and actuators pertaining to chassis system – construction – working principle of wheel speed sensor, steering position, tyre pressure, brake pressure, steering torque, fuel level, Engine and vehicle design data

Drive Line Control: Speed control – cylinder cut – off technology, Gear shifting control – Traction / braking control, brake by wire – Adaptive cruise control, throttle by wire. Steering – power steering, collapsible and tiltable steering column – steer by wire
10 Hours

2. Engine Management System: Basic Engine Operations – Fuel Control, Ignition control, Lambda Control, Idle Speed Control,
Knock Control , Open Loop and Closed Loop Control
Sensors: Basic sensor arrangement; Types of sensors such as oxygen sensors, Crank angle position sensors, fuel metering/vehicle speed sensors and detonation sensors, altitude sensors, flow sensors, throttle position sensors, solenoids,
10 Hours

3. Safety and Security Systems : Airbags, seat belt tightening system, collision warning systems, child Lock, anti lock braking systems, Vision enhancement – Static and Dynmic bending of Head light, road recognition system, Anti theft technologies, smart card system, number plate coding, central locking system.
10 Hours

4. Comfort and Vehicle Control System: Active suspension systems, requirement and characteristics, different types, Vehicle Handling and Ride characteristics of road vehicle, pitch, yaw, bounce control, power windows, adaptive noise control. ABS Control System – Torque Balance at Wheels road contact – Control cycle of ABS System – Advantages – Traction control system- Combination of ABS with Traction control system
10 Hours

5. Intelligent Transportation System: Traffic routing system – Automated highway systems – Lane warning system – Driver Information System, driver assistance systems – Data communication within the car, Driver conditioning warning – Route Guidance and Navigation Systems – vision enhancement system – In-Vehicle Computing – Vehicle Diagnostics system. VANET usage in Automobiles
10 Hours

1. U. Kiencke, and L. Nielsen, ”Automotive Control Systems”, SAE and Springer-Verlag, 2000.
2. Ljubo Vlacic, Michel Parent, Fumio Harashima, “Intelligent Vehicle Technologies”, Butterworth- Heinemann publications, Oxford, 2001.

1. Crouse, W.H. & Anglin, D.L., “Automotive Mechanics”, Intl. Student edition, 9th edition, TMH, New Delhi, 2002.
2. William B.Ribbens -Understanding Automotive Electronics, 5th edition, Butter worth Heinemann Woburn,1998.
3. Bosch, “Automotive HandBook”, 8th edition, SAE, 2007.
4. Internet References.

Course Outcome:
At the end of the course students will have understanding of control system required for vehicles and basics of control system development. Also gets the knowledge of control system being used in automotive vehicle

Sub Code : 14MAU22

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: The main objective of this course is to impart knowledge in the construction of vehicle, aerodynamic, concept, paneling of passenger car body trim. At the end of the course the student will be well versed in the design and construction of external body of the vehicles

1. Car Body Details: Types of car bodies, visibility, regulations, driver’s visibility, methods of improving visibility, safety design, constructional details of roof, under floor, bonnet, boot, wings etc, Classification of coach work Bus Body Details: Types: Mini bus, single Decker, double Decker, two level, split level and articulated bus – Bus body lay out – Floor height – Engine location – Entrance and exit location – Seating dimensions – Constructional details: Frame construction, Double skin construction- typesof metal section used – Regulations – Conventional and integral type of construction.
12 Hours

2. Commercial Vehicle Details: Types of body – Flat platform, drop side, fixed side, tipper body, tanker body, Light commercial vehicle body types, Dimensions of driver’s seat relation to controls – Drivers cab design.
8 Hours

3. Body Materials, Trim, Mechanisms: Steel sheet, timber, plastic, GRP, properties of materials – Corrosion – Anticorrosion methods – Scalation of paint and painting process – Body trim items – Body mechanisms.
8 Hours

4. Body Loads and Design of Vehicle Bodies : Idealized structure- structural surface, shear panel method, symmetric and asymmetrical vertical loads in car, longitudinal loads, different loading situations.
Design of Vehicle Bodies: Vehicle Layout design, preliminary design, safety, Load distribution on vehicle structure, Calculation of loading cases, stress analysis of bus body structure under bending and torsion, stress analysis in integral bus body, Design of chassis frame, Rules and regulations for body, Recent safety measures, Testing of body.
12 Hours

5. Steering Dynamics: Kinematics Steering, Vehicles with More Than Two Axles, Vehicle with Trailer, Steering Mechanisms, Four wheel steering, Steering Mechanism Optimization, Trailer – Truck Kinematics, Numerical examples.
Suspension Mechanisms: Solid Axle Suspension, Independent Suspension, Roll Center and Roll Axis, Car Tire Relative Angles, Toe, Caster Angle, Camber, Trust Angle, Suspension Requirements and Coordinate Frames, Kinematics Requirements, Dynamic Requirements, Wheel, wheel body, and tyre Coordinate Frames, Caster Theory, Numerical examples.
10 Hours

1. Vehicle Body Engineering – Pawloski J., Business Books Ltd.

1. The Automotive Chassis : Engineering Principles – Reimpell J.
2. Vehicle Body Layout and Analysis – John Fenton, Mechanical Engg. Publications Ltd. London.
3. Body Construction and Design – Giles J. G., Illife Books, Butterworth & Co.

Course Outcome:
At the end of the course
i) Different body layouts, Materials used in body constructions like Composite materials, GRP, FRP Etc.
ii) Importance of Aerodynamics and Aesthetics for the exteriors and interiors of the vehicle. •
iii) Importance of Vehicle ergonomics to provide at most comfortable positions for driver and passengers. •
iv) Aerodynamics and Aesthetics for the exteriors and interiors of the vehicle.
v) Structural analysis, Load distribution, Types of vehicle body constructions, Body system mechanisms

Sub Code : 14MAU23

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: The main objective of this course is to impart knowledge in automotive transmission. The detailed concept, construction and principle of operation of various types of mechanical transmission components, hydrodynamic devices, hydrostatic devisees and automatic transmission system will be taught to the students. The design of clutch and gearbox will also be introduce to the students

1. Overview of Vehicle Powertrains System: Outlines of Power Trains, Power train functions, Power train layout and components, Main and Auxiliary functions, Requirements profile, Interrelations: Direction of rotation, Transmission Ratio and Torque, Road Profiles, Load Profiles, Typical Vehicle uses and Driver types, Performance features of Vehicle Transmissions. Design trends in Transmission, Kinematical relations of powertrains, Numerical problems.
Matching engine and transmission: Road loads and axle loads, Deriving condition diagram, Ideal transmission and engine-transmissions matching, Total ratio and overall gear ratio- Selecting the largest power- train ratio, Selecting the smallest power- train ratio, Selecting the intermediate gears- saw tooth profile, Geometrical gear steps, Progressive gear steps, Numerical problems.
12 Hours

2. Start-up Devices: One -way clutch, Band clutch, Multi-disk clutch, Clutch Design and Analysis, Hydrodynamic Clutches and
Torque Converters: Principles, Characteristic curves of Hydrodynamic Clutches, Construction and operation of TorqueConverter, Input/output characteristics, Design Considerations, Trilok Converter, Torque Converter test diagram, Interaction of engine and Trilok Converter, Numerical problems
8 Hours

3. Manual Transmissions: Manual Transmission Layouts and Components, Basic gear box construction, gear-sets with fixed axles, countershaft transmission and epicyclic gears, schemes for reverse gear. Transmission Power Flows, Numerical problems.
Gear shifting mechanisms, Layout and design of Synchronizers: Internal shifting mechanisms and External shifting mechanisms, Classification of shifting elements, synchronizer functional requirements, synchronizing process, design of synchronizers, alternative transmission synchronizers
10 Hours

4. Automatic Transmissions: Level of automation, Gear shift mode, stepped and Continuously Variable Transmissions, synchronizer gear boxes, epicycloidal gear boxes, Car CVT’S: Van Doorne Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) and Torotrak Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). Design and analysis of planetary gear trains, Gear ratios and clutch engagement schedule, Clutch torques in steady state condition, Torque analysis in shifting process, Numerical problems.
10 Hours

5. Differential and Final drives: Outline of differential theory-friction free differential, Differential with internal friction, Self locking differential, final drives: formats, performance limits, transmission ratios. Differential gears, differential locks and locking differentials, types of self locking differential, Numerical problems.
Design of other Transmission elements: Design of slip joint, universal joint, dead & live axle, constant velocity joints, Bearing Design, Selection of ball and roller bearing, Gear box housing design.
10 Hours

1. Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application, Gisbert Lechner, Harald Naunheimer, Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, ISBN 3-540-65903.
2. Design Practices: Passenger Car Automatic Transmissions, Many authors, Third Edition, AE-18, SAE, Warrendale, 1994.
3. Handbook of Automotive Powertrain and Chassis Design, J. Fenton, Professional Engineering Publishing, London 1998.
4. Gears andTransmissions, Vol. 4, J.G. Giles, Automotive Technology series,Butterworth, London 1969.

Course Outcome: At the end of the course the students will have command over manual and automotive transmission concepts and application

Sub Code : 14MAU24

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective:
1. To understand the basic principles of the design aspects for NVH in cars.
2. To know the most dominant sources of noise and vibration in cars, the dominant transmission paths including their relative importance at different driving conditions.
3. To understand the critical design issues and their relations for NVH, in particular the aspects of objective and subjective design

1. Fundamentals of sound: Definition of NVH, Vehicle noise – Direct sound generation mechanism: airborne sound; Indirect sound generation mechanism: structure borne sound; Subjective response sound, Acoustic variables, basic attributes of sound such as wavelength, period, frequency; speed of sound, Decibel scale, Wave equation, types of sound fields, Measures of sound: Sound pressure, sound intensity and sound power, Combining sources: dB arithmetic, Standing wave, Beating, Impedance, Human hearing: frequency Versus sound pressure level, Loudness: phones and sones as noise descriptors; Weighting networks, Leq and various noise metrics for road noises.
8 Hours

2. Noise measurements and instrumentation:, Measuring microphones, Sound level meter, time and frequency weighting, Sound spectra – Octave band analysis, Order analysis and waterfall plot, Various types of acoustic testing chambers, Sound power measurement from Sound pressure: Free field method, Reverberant field method, Semi-Reverberant field method and Comparison method (using calibrated Sources) Two- microphone probe for measuring; Sound power measurement from Sound Intensity
8 Hours

3. Sound fields and Room Acoustics: Characterizing sound sources; Directivity; Sound Fields; Various approaches to modeling sound sources; Transmission loss (TL) and Insertion loss (IL); Reverberation time and Acoustic Absorption Coefficient; Effects of leaks on barrier and TL of composite barriers; measurement Absorption Coefficient and Transmission loss (TL).
Vehicle Interior and Exterior noise: Internal noise sources in vehicles such as engine noise; road noise; aerodynamic (wind) noise;
brake noise; squeak, rattle and tizz noises; sound package solution to reduce the interior noise: acoustic isolation, acoustic absorption and damping material solutions; Exterior noise sources in vehicles such as air intake systems and exhaust systems; Tyre noise.
12 Hours

4. Sources of Vehicle vibration: Power train and Engine vibrations; driveline vibrations; chassis and suspension vibrations; Control strategies; Human response to vehicle vibrations, concept of harshness; subjective and objective evaluation of vehicle harshness.
Vibration Isolation and Control: Introduction; damping of vibrations; vibration isolation and absorption; design of a Vibration Absorbers, unconstrained and constrained layer damping treatment, add on dampers and stiffeners, Introduction to Active Vibration Control.
12 Hours

5. Vibration Measurement and Instrumentation: Definition of Modal Properties, Modal analysis theory, FE & Experimental modal analysis, Transducers and accelerometers Excitation sources Impact Excitation, Shaker excitation, Excitation signals, applications of Modal Analysis, laser based vibration measurements; analysis and presentation of vibration data.
10 Hours

1. Engineering Noise Control: Theory and Practice, Bies D A and Hansen C H, Spon Press, Taylor &Francis, NYUSA, 2003.
2. Vehicle Noise & Vibration Refinement, edited by Xu Wang, Elsevier Publishing Limited, 2010.
3. Vehicle Refinement – Controlling Noise & Vibration in Road Vehicles, Mathew Harrison, Elsevier Publication (2004)

Course Outcome: At the end of the course, student will have
i) An overview of state-of-the art in Computer Aided engineering applied to NVH together with examples of NVH issues treated by CAE and to understand the limitations of the models used.
ii) a basic understanding of the difference between objective and subjective (human response) design criteria and how they influence the design process.
iii) an overview of modern design solutions in NVH, the materials used and their principle function, together with the current trends in the development of new solutions

Sub Code : 14MAU251

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: Students will gain a basic understanding of manufacturing systems management, including work organization, work measurement, basic scheduling mechanisms, and current theories of manufacturing management, and different process of manufacturing techniques being used in Automotive Industry

1. Sheet Metal Forming: Introduction, Forming methods, shearing and Blanking, Bending, stretch forming, Deep drawing, redrawing operations, Defects in formed products.
High Energy Rate Forming: Explosive forming, Electro-hydraulic forming, Electro-magnetic forming, Super Plastic Forming – Process principles, Equipment, Process variables, Merits and Limitations
12 Hours

2. Forging: Classification, various stages during forging, Forging equipment, brief description, deformation in compression, forging defects. Residual stresses in forging..
7 Hours

3. Powder Metallurgy Processing I: Process details and special characteristics of Powder Metallurgy process, Powder making methods, Characteristics of Powders, Process flow chart , Process steps and Process variables.
Compaction techniques like CIP & HIP (Cold Iso-static and Hot Iso-static pressing), Product design considerations, Applications of
Powder metallurgy.
12 Hours

4. Joining methods- Fusion: MIG – CO2 welding, Flux Cored Arc Welding, Resistance Seam, Spot and Projection Welding – Process principles, Equipment, Process variables, Merits and Limitations.
SolidState Welding: Friction Welding, Friction Stir Welding – Process principles, Equipment, Process variables, Merits and Limitations.
12 Hours

5. Joining of Plastics: Heated tool welding or hot bar welding, Hot gas welding or pendulum welding, High frequency welding, Ultrasonic welding, Friction welding, Induction welding.
7 Hours

1. Engineering Materials & their applications, R. A. Flinn & P. K. Trojan, 4th edition, Jaico Publishing House
2. ASM Handbook on Powder Metallurgy, Volume 17, ASM publications
3. AWS Hand Book on welding
4. Welding Technology by O.P. Khanna.
5. Welding for Engineers by Udin, funk & Wulf.
6. Welding and Welding Technology– R.L. Little.
7. Fundamentals of Working of Metals-Sach G., Pergamon Press.

Course Outcome:
1. Students will recognize manufacturing organizations, including job shops, flow lines, assembly lines, work cells.
2. Students will have a basic understanding of different manufacturing process of automotive components

Sub Code : 14MAU252

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To know different dynamics of Automotive system and basics behind the multi body dynamics.

1. Introduction to MBD,Notation. Kinematics of free bodies: point mass and rigid body. Position, velocity, acceleration. Angular orientation descriptions: transformation matrices, Euler angles, cardan angles, quaternion (Euler parameters). Kinematic equations of rotation.
10 Hours

2. Conservative and non-conservative force and torque elements. Spring, damper, bushing, force elements with inner dynamics. Constraint forces. Impacts. The problem with play and dry friction
10 Hours

3. Rigid Body and Kinematic Constraints: Rigid body kinetics. Newton- Euler equations. Inertia tensor. Inertial and body- fixed description. State space description of multi- body systems. Kinematic constraints. Constraints functions. Degrees of freedom. Jacobian. Basic types of joints and linkages
12 Hours

4. Structure and functionality of multi- body codes. Kinematics equilibrium points (static), dynamics, inverse dynamics.
08 Hours

5. Linearization, modal analysis, and optimization. Usage of Software such as MSC ADAMS for multi body dynamics simulation for automotive system.
10 Hours

1. Computer-Aided Mechanical Systems, Nikravesh. P.E., Prentice Hall 1988.

1. Computational Methods for Multibody Dynamics, Amirouche, F.M.L, Prentice-Hall, (1992).
2. Computer-Aided Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanical Systems, Haug, E.J., Volume I: Basic Methods, Allyn and Bacon, (1989).
3. Multibody Dynamics, Huston, R.L., Butterworth- Heinemann, (1990).
4. Dynamics of Multibody Systems, Roberson, R.E. and Schwertassek, R., Springer-Verlag, (1988).
5. Multibody System Handbook, Schiehlen, W.O., Springer- Verlag, (1990).
6. Dynamics of Multibody Systems, Shabana, A.A., Wiley, (1989).
7. MSC ADAMS user Manual

Course Outcome: At the end of the course, student will know about rigid body dynamics and simulation of multi body dynamics using software tools. Also able to compute the forces acting on bodies numerically and correlate with the simulation results

Sub Code : 14MAU21

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: The student will have to know about all theoretical information and about electrical components used in a vehicle.

1. Storage Battery:
Principle of lead acid cells, plates and their characteristics containers and separators, electrolyte and their preparation, effect of temperature on electrolyte, its specific gravity, capacity and efficiency, methods of charging from D.C. mains, defects and remedies of batteries, care of idle and new batteries. Recycling Process – Recent development in batteries
8 Hours

2. Charging and Lighting System
D.C. Generators and Alternators their Characteristics. Control cutout, Electrical, Electro-mechanical and electronic regulators. Regulations for charging. Wiring Requirements, Insulated and earth return system, details of head light and side light, LED lighting system, head light dazzling and preventive methods. Static and Dynamic Bending lights.
Starter Motor & Drives: Battery motor starting system, condition at starting, behaviour of starter during starting series motor and its characteristics, consideration affecting size of motor, types of drives, starting circuit
12 Hrs

3. Ignition systems and Engine Management Systems:
Ignition fundamentals, Types of solid state ignition systems, components, construction And operating parameters, high energy ignition distributors, Electronic spark timing, Ignition Advance, Types DIS, MBT and control.
Combined ignition and fuel management systems. Exhaust emission control, Digital control techniques – Dwell angle calculation, Ignition timing calculation and Injection duration calculation. Complete vehicle control systems, Artificial intelligence and engine management 12 Hours

4. Chassis Electrical systems:
Antilock brakes (ABS), Types , Active suspension, Traction control, Electronic control of automatic transmission, other chassis electrical systems, Central locking, Air bags and seat belt tensioners. Microprocessor And Microcomputer controlled devices in automobiles such as instrument cluster, Voice warning system, Travel information system, GPS, AUTOCOP , Keyless entry system
8 Hours

5. Electronic Accessories: Warning and alarm instruments : Brake actuation warning system, traficators, flash system, oil pressure warning system, engine over heat warning system, air pressure warning system, speed warning system, door lock indicators, neutral gear indicator, horn design, permanent magnet horn, air & music horns. Wind shield wiper. window washer, instrument wiring system and electromagnetic interference suppression, wiring circuits for instruments, electronic instruments, dash board illumination and MIL. 10 Hours

1. Tom Denton “Automotive Electrical and Electronics ”-SAE , 2000
2. Judge AW, “Modern Electrical Equipment of Automobiles” Chapman and Hall, London ,1992
3. William B. Ribbens -Understanding Automotive Electronics, 5th edition- Butter worth Heinemann, 1998
4. Young. A.P., & Griffiths. L., Automobile Electrical Equipment, English Language Book Society & New Press, 1990.
5. Bosch, Automotive Hand Book, SAE , 8th Edn
6. Vinal. G.W., Storage Batteries, John Wiley & Sons inc., New York, 1985.
7. Crouse.W.H., Automobile Electrical Equipment, McGraw Hill Book Co Inc., New York, 1980.
8. Spreadbury.F.G., Electrical Ignition Equipment, Constable & Co Ltd., London, 1962.
9. Robert N Brady Automotive Computers and Digital Instrumentation, Prentice Hall, Eagle Wood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988.
10. Kohli P L., “Automotive Electrical Equipment”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., Delhi, 2004.
11. Internet search

Course Outcome:
Students will get the knowledge and details of various Automotive Electrical and Electronic Systems like Batteries, Starting System, charging System, Ignition System, Lighting System and Dash – Board Instruments, Electronic ignition system, various sensors and the role of ECU.

Sub Code : 14MAU254

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective:
To know the basic of Automotive Embedded system concepts, application of Embedded system in automotive and usage software and hardware in Automotive Embedded System

1. Electronics in Automotive: Introduction Body and convenience electronics: vehicle power supply controllers and lighting modules, door control modules, Safety electronics: active safety systems: ABS, ASR, ESP passive safety systems: Restraint systems and their associated sensors in an automobile. Powertrain Electronics: Gasoline engine management, Infotainment electronics: Dashboard/instrument cluster, car audio, telematic systems, navigation systems, multimedia systems, cross application technologies. 42V vehicle power supply system.
10 Hours

2. Drive by Wire: Challenges and opportunities of X-by-wire: system & design requirements steer-by-wire, brake-by-wire, suspension-by-wire, gas-by-wire, power-by-wire, shift by-wire. Future of Automotive Electronics
10 Hours

3. HARDWARE MODULES: MC9S12XD family features -Modes of operation-functional block diagram overviewprogramming model. Memory Map Overview Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) –On-chip ADC- Serial Communication Protocol: SCI, SPI,IIC, CAN.
10 Hours

4. Software Development Tools: Introduction to HCS12XDT512 Student Learning Kit & PBMCU (Project Board) – Introduction to Code Warrior IDE-Editing-Debugging-Simulating simple programs. Flashing code into HCS12XDT512 SLK board and testing
10 Hours

5. Integration of Software and Hardware : Downloading the Software from Host Machine to Target Machine. Implementing application prototype: Power Window and Automotive Lighting System
10 Hours

1. Semiconductors: Technical Information, Technologies and characteristic data, PublicisCorporate Publishing 2nd revised and considerably enlarged edition, 2004,
2. Freescale MC9S12XDP512 data sheet
3. Ronald K Jurgen ,“Automotive Electronics Handbook” , McGraw Hill , 2000.
4. Werner Klingenstein & Team, “Semiconductors: Technical Information, Technologies and Characteristic Data”, Publicis Corporate Publishing, 2nd edition, 2004
5. Ljubo Vlacic, Michel Parent & Furnio Harshima, “Intelligent Vehicle Technologies: Theory and Applications”, Butterworth-Heinemann publications, 2001.

Course Outcome: Student will have the understanding of embedded system concepts and how it is being used in automotive vehicles. Also they will have understanding of designing of Automotive Embedded system using software and hardware.

Automotive Engineering Lab – II
Sub Code : 14MAU26

IA Marks :25
Hrs/ Week : 6 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs:50 Exam Marks :50

1) These are independent laboratory exercises
2) A student may be given one or two problem
3) Student must submit a comprehensive report on the problem solved and give a Presentation on the same.
4) For Numerical Simulation, FEA softwares must be used such as MSC Patran/MSC Nastran and etc…
5) For Multi body Dynamics simulation , MSC Adams or equivalent software can be used

List of Experiments

1. Study of Suspension systems used in low, medium and Heavy vehicle
2. Simulation of Suspension system using commercial software for LCV and HCV
3. Study of Drive line systems and Simulation using Commercial MBD software
4. Stress Analysis of Chassis components using FE Software
5. Testing Two Wheeled Vehicles on Chassis Dynamometer
6. Study and practice of wheel alignment (computerized) and wheel balancing
7. Head light focusing test and visibility test
8. Simulation of Static and Dynamic head light bending
9. Study of MPFI and CRDI
10. Impact Analysis of Automotive Vehicle System using FE Software.

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