M.Tech 4th Semester Automotive Syllabus

Download M.Tech Automotive Syllabus 2014 Scheme [PDF]

VEHICLE CRASHWORTHINESS AND OCCUPANT SAFETY
Sub Code : 14MAU41

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To understand the vehicle crashworthiness and various occupant safety system being incorporated in the automotive vehicle.

1. Introduction: Motor Vehicle Safety, Crashworthiness, Crashworthiness Goals, Crashworthiness Requirements, Achieving Crashworthiness, Crashworthiness Tests, Crashworthiness Models Requirements, Current Design Practice, Comparison between LMS and FE-Based Crashworthiness Processes, Crash/Crush Design Techniques for Front Structures, Basic Principles of Designing for Crash Energy Management, Vehicle Front Structure Design for Different Impact Modes, Vehicle Front Structure Design for Current Standards, FMVSS 208, NCAP Test, IIHS Test.
6 Hours

2. Vehicle Collision Models: Impulsive models- central head on collision, oblique collision, collision against fixed obstacle, noncentral head on collision, lateral collision, simplified approach. Second approximation models – head on collision against fixed obstacle, Head-on collision between vehicles, and oblique collision between vehicles, Motion after the Collision with locked wheels and free wheels,
8 Hours

3. Crash Pulse Characterization: Introduction, Moment-Area Method, Pulse Approximations with Non-Zero Initial Deceleration- Average Square Wave (ASW), Equivalent Square Wave (ESW), Tipped Equivalent Square Wave (TESW), TESW Parameter Derivation, Construction of TESW Parameters, Kinematic Comparisons of Test Pulse and Approximated Pulses. Pulse Approximations with Zero Initial Deceleration- Fourier Equivalent Wave (FEW), Sensitivity Analysis with Boundary Conditions, Kinematics and Energy Comparison, Use of FEW and Power Rate Density in Crash Severity Detection, Trapezoidal Wave Approximation (TWA), Derivation of Closed-Form Solutions for TWA Parameters, Bi- Slope Approximation (BSA), Harmonic Pulses Halfsine and Haversine Approximation and Response of Air Bag Sensor to Harmonic Pulses, Head Injury Criteria, Application of HIC Formula in Head Interior Impact.
12 Hours

4. Vehicle Impact Modeling
Impact and Excitation – Rigid Barrier and Hyge Sled Tests, Vehicle and Sled/Unbelted Occupant Impact Kinematics, Ride down Existence Criteria and Efficiency- Vehicle and Occupant Transient Kinematics, Derivation and application of Ride down Existence Criteria, Occupant Response Surface and Sensitivity. Spring and Damper Dynamic Modeling: Vehicle To Barrier (VTB) Impact: Spring-Mass Model- Model Formulation, Design and Trend Analysis, Effect of Test Weight Change on Dynamic Responses, Vehicle-To-Vehicle (VTV) Impact: Spring-Mass Model, Crash Pulse Approximation by TESW and Sinusoidal Waves, Elasto-plastic Modeling, Maxwell Model, Kelvin Model.
12 Hours

5. Occupant Safety: Effect of impact forces on humans, Designing for human safety, Safety systems, Belt Restraint System, Supplemental Airbag Restraint System (SARS), Design Tools for Human Body Modeling-Lumped Mass Models, Multi- Body Models, Finite Element Models, The Multi-Body Method for Crash Analyses, MADYMO Multi-Body Algorithm, Force Interaction Models, Acceleration Field Model, Spring-damper elements, Muscle models, Contact models, Belt model, Dynamic joint models, Crash Dummy Modeling, Modeling the Real Human Body.
10 Hours

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Vehicle Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection, Paul Du Bois, Clifford C. Chou and others, American Iron and Steel Institute.
2. Vehicle Crash Mechanics, Huang, M., CRC Press 2002.

Course Outcome: At the end of the course will understand the requirements of crashworthiness and modeling, various techniques are being used in the safety of the occupants in automotive vehicle such as Air bags, seatbelt and ABS.

HYBRID TECHNOLOGY
Sub Code : 14MAU424

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To understand the basics, working principles, types and Hybrid Vehicle and technology involved in Hybrid Vehicles

1. Hybrid Vehicles: Introduction to HVs, Performance characteristics of road vehicles; calculation of road load, predicting fuel economy, grid -connected hybrids.
Hybrid architecture: Series configuration- locomotive drives, series parallel switching, load tracking architecture. Pre transmission parallel and combined configurations-Mild hybrid, power assist, dual mode, power split, power split with shift, Continuously Variable transmission (CVT), wheel motors
10 Hours

2. Propulsion methods: DC motors-series wound, shunt wound, compound wound and separately excited motors AC motors- Induction, synchronous, brushless DC motor, switched reluctance motors.
8 Hours

3. Hybrid power plant specifications: Grade and cruise targets, launching and boosting, braking and energy recuperation, drive cycle implications, engine fraction-engine downsizing and range and performance, usage requirements.
Sizing the drive system: Matching electric drive and ICE, sizing the propulsion motor; sizing power electronics.
10 Hours

4. Energy storage technology: Battery basics; lead-acid battery; different types of batteries; battery parameters, Battery Recycling
Fuel cells: Fuel cell characteristics, fuel cell types – alkaline fuel cell, proton exchange Membrane; direct methanol fuel cell, phosphoric acid fuel cell, molten carbonate fuel cell, solid oxide fuel cell, hydrogen storage systems, reformers, fuel cell EV, super and ultra capacitors
12 Hours

5. Non-electric Hybrid Propulsion Systems: Short-Term Storage Systems- Flywheel Accumulators. Continuously Variable Transmissions Hydraulic Accumulators Hydraulic Pumps/Motors, Pneumatic Hybrid Engine Systems-Operation Modes.
10 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:
1. The Electric Car: Development & Future of Battery, Hybrid & Fuel-Cell Cars, Mike Westbrook, M H Westbrook, British library Cataloguing in Publication Data.
2. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Robin Hardy, Iqbal Husain, CRC Press.
3. Propulsion Systems for Hybrid Vehicles, John M. Miller, Institute of Electrical Engineers, London.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Energy Technology Analysis Prospects for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells, International Energy Agency, France.
2. Handbook of Electric Motors, Hamid A Toliyat, Gerald B Kliman, Marcel Decker Inc.

Course Outcome:
At the end of the course, students will understand
i) the working the hybrid vehicles,
ii) improvement of performance of HEVs,
iii) Concept of design of HEVs.
iv) Also knows the methodology to be adopted for selection of batteries and motors for HEVs.

ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES FOR AUTOMOBILES
Sub Code : 14MAU422

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To know the several of sources of alternate fuels for automotive Engines and study the performance of engine using different fuels.

1. Introduction
Types of energy sources, their availability, need of alternative energy sources, Non-conventional energy sources, Classification of alternative fuels and drive trains. Scenario of conventional auto fuels, oil reserves of the world. Fuel quality aspects related to emissions. Technological up gradation required business driving factors for alternative fuels. Implementation barriers for alternative fuels. Stakeholders of alternative fuels, roadmap for alternative fuels.
8 Hrs

2. Solar energy & Fuel Cell
Solar energy geometry, Solar radiation measurement devices. Solar energy collectors, types of collectors. Direct application of solar energy, solar energy storage system. P.V.effect solar cells and characteristics. Application of solar energy for automobiles.

FUEL CELL:
Introduction, principle of FUEL CELL, Working Principle, types of Fuel Cells, Advantages of Fuel Cell
10 Hrs

3. Gaseous alternative fuels & Bio-Diesel
Hydrogen, properties and production of hydrogen. Storage, Advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen. Hydrogen used in SI and CI engines. Hazards and safety systems for hydrogen, hydrogen combustion. Performance and Emission of from Hyderogen, LPG, CNG, Methanol and Ethanol and its blends as Fuel for SI and CI engine
Bio-Diesel: Straight vegetable oil, Biodiesel – Production of Bio-Diesel, Bio-Diesel as Fuel, Performance and emission of Bio-Diesel
12 Hrs

4. Biomass energy and Reformulated Conventional Fuel
Biogas or Biomethane. History, properties and production of Biogas, classification of biogas plants, biogas storage and dispensing system. Advantages of biogas, hazards and emissions of biogas
Reformulated conventional fuels
Introduction. Production of coal water slurry. Properties, as an engine fuel, emissions of CWS. RFG, Emulsified fuels. Hydrogen-enriched gasoline. Future Alternative Fuels, PMF, Ammonia, Liquid-Nitrogen
12 Hrs

5. Introduction to alternative power trains
Components of an EV,.EV batteries, chargers, drives, transmission and power devices. Advantages and disadvantages of EVs. Hybrid electric vehicles, HEV drive train components, advantages of HV. History of dual fuel technology Applications of DFT. Dual fuel engine operation. Advantages and disadvantages of dual fuel technology.
8 Hrs

TEXT BOOKS
1. S.S.Thipse “Alternative Fuels”. JAICO Publishing House.
2. G.D.Rai “Non-Conventional Energy Sources” Khanna Publishing New Delhi.

REFERENCES
1. Alternative fuels for vehicle book by M.poulton
2. Alternative fuels guide book by R. Bechtold.SAE
3. Alternative energy sources by T.N Veziroglu, McgrawHill
4. A Primer on Hybrid Electric vehicles
5. Automotive Fuels Guide Book- Richard L.Bechtold, SAE Publications, 1997

Course Outcome: At the end of the course, students will know the different fuels available for Automotive engines and also knows the influence various parameters affecting the performance and emission characteristics of engine using alternate fuels

AUTOMOTIVE SIMULATION
Sub Code : 14MAU423

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective: To know the various numeric techniques being used in the Automotive system and sub system simulations.

1. Principle Of Computer Modeling And Simulation: Monte Carlo simulation, Nature of computer modeling and simulation, limitations of simulation, areas of application.
System And Environment: components of a system —discrete and continuous systems. Models of a system-a variety of modeling approaches.
10 Hours

2. Design And Evaluation Of Simulation Experiments: Variance reduction techniques-antithetic variables- variables-verification and validation of simulation models.
8 Hours

3. S.I. Engine Simulation and Two Stroke Engine: Simulation of Otto cycle and Diesel cycle at full throttle, part throttle and supercharged conditions. Progressive combustion, Exhaust and intake process analysis. Two Stroke Engine Simulation – Engine and Poring Geometry, Gas Flow , Scavenging
10 Hours

4. C.I. Engine Simulation: Simulation of Diesel cycle and Diesel cycle at full throttle, part throttle and supercharged conditions. Progressive combustion, Exhaust and intake process analysis.
10 Hours

5. Simulation Exercises: Case studies of Simulation for 2 stoke and 4 stroke engine. Simulation exercises using computers – MATLAB/SimuLink, Pro-E / ICEM, CFD Analysis, FE Analysis procedures, Advantages of FEA, Simple Exercise using MSC Nastran.
Multi-body Simulation Exercises: Simple Multi-body Suspension, Four Bar mechanisms, Handling Analysis Of simple Bogie using MSC Adams.
10 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Computer Simulation of Spark Ignition Engine Processes, V.Ganesan, Universities Press, 1995.
2. The Basic Design of two-stroke engines, Gordon P.Blair, SAE Publication, 1990.
3. System Simulation with digital Computer,NARS1NGH DEO, prentice Hall Of India,1979
4. Internal Combustion Engine Modeling, J.I.Ramos, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1989.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Combustion Modeling in Reciprocating Engines, J.N.Mattavi and C.A.Amann, Plenum Press, 1980.
2. The Thermodynamics and Gas Dynamics of Internal Combustion Engines, Vol. I & II, Horlock and Winterbone, Clarendon Press, 1986.
3. MSC Nastran / Adams User Manual
4. MATLAB User manual

Course Outcome: At the end the course, students will have the knowledge of the various techniques used for simulation of Automotive Systems and able to do the simulation using suitable software such as MATLAB, MSC Nastran and Msc.Adams

AUTOMOTIVE AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL
Sub Code : 14MAU421

IA Marks : 50
Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Course Objective:
The main objective of this course is to impart knowledge in automotive pollution control. The detailed concept of formation and control techniques of pollutants like UBHC, CO, NOx, particulate matter and smoke for both SI and CI engine will be taught to the students. The instruments for measurement of pollutants and emission standards will also be introduced to the students

1. Laws and Regulations: Historical background, regulatory test procedure (European cycles), Exhaust gas pollutants (European rail road limits), particulate pollutants, European statutory values, inspection of vehicle in circulation (influence of actual traffic conditions and influence of vehicle maintenance)
6 Hours

2. SOURCE OF EMISSION FROM AUTOMOBILES: Sources of Air Pollution. Various emissions from Automobiles — Formation — Effects of pollutants on environment and human beings. Emission control techniques – Modification of fuel, after treatment devices.. Automotive waste management, old vehicle disposal, Battery recycling, tyre recycling Sources of Noise — Engine Noise, Transmission Noise, vehicle structural Noise, aerodynamics noise, Exhaust Noise. Noise reduction in Automobiles — Encapsulation technique for noise reduction — Silencer Design
10 Hours

3. EMISSION FROM AUTMOTIVE ENGINES
S.I. ENGINE EMISSIONS AND ITS CONTROL.
Emission formation in SI Engines- Carbon monoxide & Carbon di oxide – Unburned hydrocarbon, NOx, Smoke — Effects of design and operating variables on emission formation – controlling of pollutants – Catalytic converters, Charcoal Canister, CCS, Positive Crank case ventilation system, Secondary air injection, thermal reactor, Laser Assisted Combustion
EMISSION FROM C.I. ENGINE AND ITS CONTROL
Formation of White, Blue, and Black Smokes, NOx, soot, sulphur particulate and Intermediate Compounds – Physical and Chemical delay — Significance Effect of Operating variables on Emission formation — Fumigation, Split injection, Add Blue, Catalytic Coating, EGR, HCCI, Particulate Traps, SCR
12 Hours

4. Influence of Fuel Properties on Emission and Effect of Air Pollution .
Effect of petrol, Diesel Fuel, Alternative Fuels and lubricants on emissions, Effect of air pollution on Human Health, Effect of air pollution on animals, Effect of air pollution on plants
10 Hours

5. TEST PROCEDURES AND EMISSION MEASUREMENTS: Constant Volume Sampling I and 3 (CVS-1 &CVS3) Systems- Sampling Procedures — Chassis dyno – Seven mode and thirteen mode cycles for Emission Sampling — Sampling problems — Emission analysers —NDIR, FID, Chemiluminesecent, Smoke meters, Dilution Tunnel, SHED Test, Sound level meters.
12 Hours

TEXTBOOKS:
1. G.P.Springer ad D.J.Patterson, Engine Emissions, Pollutant formation, Plenum Press, New York, 1986.
2. D.J.Patterson and N.A.Henin, ‘Emission from Combustion Engine and their control’, Anna Arbor Science Publication,1985.

REFERENCES
1. V.Ganesan, ‘Internal combustion Engines’, Tata McGraw Hill Book Co, Eighth Reprint, 2005.
2. Crouse and Anglin, ‘Automotive Emission Control’, McGraw Hill company., Newyork 1993.
3. L.Lberanek, ‘Noise Reduction’, Mcgrawhill Company., Newyork1993.
4. C.Duerson, ‘Noise Abatment’, Butterworths ltd., London1990.
5. A.Alexander, J.P.Barde, C.lomure and F.J. Langdan, ‘Road traffic noise’, Applied science publisher ltd., London,1987.

Course outcome: Students will have basic understanding the emission regulations and various techniques adopted for reduction of Pollution from Automobile

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