M.Tech. 4th Semester Infrastructure Engineering and Management Syllabus

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CONSTRUCTION QUALITY AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT
Subject Code: 14CEM41

IA Marks: 50
No. of lecture Hours/ Week: 04 Exam Hours: 03
Total No. of Lecture Hours: 52 Exam Marks: 100

Quality and concept of QM – Necessity for improving quality,, concept of quality control, quality assurance, quality management and total quality management , Total quality
management concepts; ISO9000 documentation; QA/QC systems and organizations, Quality Audits; Problem solving techniques; Statistical Quality Control; Quality Function


Deployment; Material Quality Assurance; Specifications and Tolerances.
Quality Planning – Quality policy, objectives and methods in construction industry – consumers satisfaction -, time of completion – statistical tolerance.
Codes and standards quality manuals – documents – contract and construction programming – inspection procedures -processes and products – total QA / QC programme and cost implication.
Managing Quality in various projects stages from concept to completion by building quality into design of structures, Inspection of incoming material and machinery In process quality inspections and tests.
Reliability & Probability testing, reliability coefficient and reliability prediction – selection of new materials – influence of drawings, detailing, specification, standardization – bid
preparation – construction activity, environmental safety and social factors -natural causes and speed of construction – life cycle costing – value engineering and value analysis.
Quality Assurance Department -and quality control responsibilities of the line organization, developing quality culture in the organization, training of people,
Construction accidents -importance, causes of accident, safety measures, construction
industry related laws. human factors in safety – legal and financial aspects of accidents in construction – occupational and safety hazard assessment.
Safety Programmes – elements of safety programmes, job-site assessment, safety meetings, safety incentives, contractual obligations, safety in construction contracts
Safety in Design- safety culture – Safe Workers- Safety and First Line Supervisors – Safety and Middle Managers – Top Management Practices, Company Activities and Safety – Safety Personnel – Sub-contractual Obligation – Project Coordination and Safety Procedures – Workers Compensation , Safety issues; Injury accidents and their causes; Safety program components; Role of workers, Supervisors, Managers and Owners; Safety Procedures for various construction operations; Safety audits; Safety laws.

Safety Management – safety and first line supervisors, safety and middle managers, top management practices, safety audit, safety equipment planning and site preparation, safety system of storing construction materials Excavation – blasting- timbering-scaffolding- safe use of ladders- safety in welding. First- aid- Fire hazards and preventing methods.

References:
1. James, J.O Brian, Construction Inspection Handbook – Quality Assurance and Quality Control, Van Nostrand, New York, 1989.
2. Kwaku, A., Tenah, Jose, M. Guevara, Fundamentals of Construction Management and Organization, Reston Publishing Co., Inc., Virginia, 1985.
3. Juran Frank, J.M. and Gryna, F.M, Quality Planning and Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1982.
4. Hutchins.G, ISO 9000, Viva Books, New Delhi, 1993.
5. Clarkson H. Ogiesby, Productivity Improvement in Construction, McGraw-Hill, 1989.
6. IS, IRC, Other codes
7. Jimmy W. Hinze, Construction Safety, Prentice Hall Inc., 1997
8. Richard J. Coble, Jimmie Hinze and Theo C. Haupt, Construction Safety and Health Management, Prentice Hall Inc., 2001.
9. Hand Book on Construction Safety Practices, SP 70, BIS 2001.

STEEL AND COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Subject Code: 14CEM422

IA Marks: 50
No. of lecture Hours/ Week: 04 Exam Hours: 03
Total No. of Lecture Hours: 52 Exam Marks: 100

Materials, classification and properties Structural steel sections and data Behavior of steel structures: Steel water tanks, Chimneys and Stacks, Bridge Structures, Building Frames, Steel Space grids.
Structural Steel Detailing: Symbols, layout drawings, shop detail drawings, assembly marking.
Structural steel fabrication: Methods – tools, equipment and practices, Punching, Reaming and drilling, cutting Operations, fittings, fasteners, bolting, riveting and welding, Assembly, inspection, cleaning, sand blasting and painting: Transportation of fabricated components, Storage and handling.
Erection of steel structures :Erection equipment, erection tools, methods of erection, section sequence field connections, detailing to facilitate erection. Specifications, Estimating and costing steel work. Fire protection of steel construction Maintenance and repair of steel structures
Composite Constructions Introduction to composite construction, basic concepts, types of composite, Constructions Steel concrete composite, Analysis and of composite beams Composite floors.
Shear connectors: functions & types Steel concrete composite columns, columns subjected to axial loads and moments. Encased composite construction of beams and columns, concepts and design.

References:
1. Ramachandra, ‘Design of steel structures’, Standard Book House, New Delhi
2. Bryan E.R., ‘The stressed skin design of steel buildings’
3. Malhotra M.M. ‘Design of Steel Structures’
4. Bresker Boro, ‘Design of steel Structures’
5. Dayaratnam, ‘Design of Steel Structures’.
6. IS:11384, IRC-22
7. Composite Structures, G M Sabnis
8. “Composite Construction, Design for Buildings”, Viest et al., 1997, ASCE/McGraw-Hill, Inc.
9. “Handbook of Structural Steel Connection Design and Details” Edited by Akbar Tamboli, McGraw Hill

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Subject Code: 14CEM421

IA Marks: 50
No. of lecture Hours/ Week: 04 Exam Hours: 03
Total No. of Lecture Hours: 52 Exam Marks: 100

Introduction – Environment and its interaction with human activities. Environmental imbalances, basic concepts of E.I.A., Element of E.I.A. Environmental attributes, Indicators
– Screening and Scoping Environmental Impact Statement (E.I.S).
Environmental Setting – Environmental Inventory, environmental indicators – Parameters, Indicators for terrestrial subsystems, Indicators for aquatic subsystems, socio-economic indicators, indicators for health and nutrition.
Environmental Impact Assessment methodologies – Important consideration for choosing a methodology ; categorization of methodologies. Review criteria, Environmental
Management Plan (EMP). Step by step procedure for preparing on E.I.A.
Prediction and Assessment of Impacts on the Air Environment, on the surface water environment, on vegetation & wild life.
Prediction and Assessment of impacts on soil and groundwater environment ; On the biological environment, on the socio –economic environment.
Prediction and Assessment of impacts on the cultural environment. Decision methods for evaluation of alternatives, public participation.
Environmental Audit – Environmental legislation, objectives Environmental Audit, types, audit protocol, evaluation of audit data and preparation of audit report.
Preparation of Impact Assessment for some industries and case studies – standard and mandatory requirements.

References:
1. Canter L.W. Mc. Graw Hill Publication Publication Co., 1st Edition 1996
2. Jain, R.K. , Urban, L.V. Stray, G.S. “Environmental Impact Analysis” Van Nastrand Reinhold Company, 2nd Edition, 2004
3. Anjaneyulu, Vall Manickam., Environmental Impact Assessment Methodologies, B.S. Publications, 1st Edition, 2000
4. Ran J.G. & Wooten, D.C., Environmental Impact Assessment” Mc Graw Hill Publication Company, 2nd Edition, 1999
5. Methodologies, Guidelines for the integrated Environmental evaluation of water Resources Development, UNESCO/UNEP, Paris, 1990.
6. Betty Bowers Mariott, “A Practical Guide on Environment Impact Assessment”

BRIDGE AND GRADE SEPARATED STRUCTURES
Subject Code: 14CEM423

IA Marks: 50
No. of lecture Hours/ Week: 04 Exam Hours: 03
Total No. of Lecture Hours: 52 Exam Marks: 100

Geometry -Traffic lane, road way, footpaths, and clearance for vehicles, kerb, crash barrier, parapet, lighting, horizontal and vertical alignment, super-elevation, drainage
Substructures- soil exploration techniques. piling methods, pile types, pile testing, Pile concreting.
Caissons or well foundations: Caisson construction and sinking methods,- bed preparation, supporting structures, excavation method, de-watering for freeing a ‘hanging’ caisson, pneumatic sinking of caissons, methods of staining and bottom plugging
Superstructure – reinforced concrete superstructure, prestressed concrete superstructure,- composite and steel superstructure, special superstructures. Slab, T-beam and Box girder deck slab construction: Slab type, T-beam and box-girder bridges Decks Construction methods. Span lengths -deck and stiffening system.
Segmental Construction, Cantilever Construction and Successive Launching- Precast segmental construction for long-span bridges- cables and their profiling – deck section – soffit surface -deflection and pre-camber – expansion joint – bearings – aesthetics. Cable-stayed bridge construction – Construction methods – cable configuration – towers – multi span cable stayed bridges – stay tendons – aerodynamic stability.
Composite Construction -steel – concrete composite construction – theory of composite structures -Introduction to steel – concrete – steel sandwich construction.
RE Panel Structures – geosynthetics, functions and applications, reinforced retaining walls, construction methods, benefits .

References:
1. Chew Yit Lin, Michael, Construction Technology for Tall Buildings, Singapore University Press, World Scientific, Hong Kong,
2. Victor.D.J, Essentials of Bridge Engineering, Oxford IBH
3. Ponnuswamy.S, Bridge Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill
4. Raina V.K. Concrete Bridge practice, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.
5. Derrick Beckett, An Introduction to Structural Design of Concrete Bridges, Surry University Press, Oxford Shire
6. Fleming. W. G. K., et al., Piling Engineering, Surrey University Press, London.
7. E.C. Hambly, Bridge deck behaviour, Chapman and Hall, London
8. N.Krishna Raju, Design of bridges, Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi.
9. IRC: 5, Standard specifications and code of practice for road bridges, Sections I to V,Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi.
10. Indian railway standard code of practice for the design of steel or wrought iron bridge carrying Rail, road or pedestrian traffic, Govt. of India, Ministry of Railways,

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