M.Tech Highway 4th Semester Syllabus

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SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION
Subject Code : 14CHT41

IA Marks : 50

No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Problems of construction of roads in marshy areas and weak / expansive soils and water- logged – areas. Various
effective measures for solving the problems, machinery required and method of construction. Control of water table, capillary
rise and seepage flow in road construction. Design and construction of filter drains and capillary cut-off.
Methods of strengthening weak foundation soil, acceleration of consolidation and settlement of compressible embankment
foundation, vertical sand drains – application, design and construction method.
Problems in construction of high embankments, stability of foundation and embankment slopes. Stability of hill slopes, control of erosion.
Use of special materials such as geo-synthetics for drainage and in pavement layers.
Special construction techniques – such as reinforced earth retaining walls, Nailing Technique, Techniques of pavement
construction using recycled materials – cold and hot mix recycling of bituminous materials, construction techniques of cell
filled concrete pavements – design, economics and construction method, and its application
Road construction on desert region and coastal areas, alternative methods, road construction on high altitudes, hilly and
mountainous terrain.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. R.M. Koerner “Designing with Geosynthetics”- 4th Edition Prentice Hall, New Jerssey, 1997.
2. IRC-75 “Guidelines for the design of High embankments”- IRC, 1979.
3. DSIR “Soil Mechanics for Road Engineers”– HMSO, London, 1954.
4. Leonards G.A. “Foundation engineering”- McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1962.
5. Cedgreen H.R. “Drainage of highway and airfield pavement”- John Willey and Sons.Inc., New York, 1974.
6. G. Kassiff M. Livnet. G. Wisemen “Pavements on Expansive clays”– Jerusalem Academy Press, Jerusalem. Israel, 1969.
7. R.D. Krebs & R.D.Walker “Highway Materials”- McGraw Hill Book House, New York, 1971.

Standard Data Book on Highway Technology issued by the University may be referred in the P.G Examination of VTU.

URBAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Subject Code : 14 CHT-423

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

System and Technologies: Urban passenger transportation modes, transit classifications and definitions, theory of urban
passenger transport modes, rail transit, bus transit, Metro and Mono Rail, Para transit and ride sharing, designing for
pedestrians, trends in transit rider ship and use of different modes.
Comparing Alternatives: Comparing costs, comparative analysis, operational and technological characteristics of different
rapid transit modes, evaluating rapid transit, Problems.
Planning: Transportation system management, system and service planning, financing public transportation, management of
public transportation, public transportation marketing.
Transit System Evaluation: Definition of quantitative performance attributes, transit lane capacity, way capacity, station
capacity, theoretical and practical capacities of major transit modes, quantification of performance, Problems.
Urban traffic: Classification of transportation systems, conventional transportation systems, non-conventional transportation
systems, prototypes and tomorrow’s solutions, analysis and interpretation of information on transportation systems,
perspectives of future transportation.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. George E. Gray and Lester A. Hoel, ‘Public Transportation’, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
2. Vukan R. Vuchic, ‘Urban Public Transportation Systems and Technology’, Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersey.
3. Horst R. Weigelt, Rainer E. Gotz, Helmut H. Weiss,’ City Traffic – A Systems Digest’, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York
4. John W. Dickey,’ Metropolitan Transportation Planning’, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.. New Delhi

BRIDGE AND GRADE SEPARATED STRUCTURES
Subject Code : 14CHT422

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Introduction to Bridges: Basic Elements of a Bridge.
Types of bridges and grade separated structures for highways, standard specifications for road bridges and grade separated
structures to fulfill traffic and Structural Engineering requirements.
Bridge bearings, joints, approaches, construction and maintenance aspects.
Basic design approaches of RCC, PSC and steel bridges.
General Design Considerations for superstructure. Types of bridge, grade separated structures and their choices, IRC Class
AA Tracked and Wheeled Loading Analysis, Problems.
Introduction to Construction specification and quality control for foundations and substructures of bridges and grade
separated structures.
Concept of evaluation of existing bridge structures. Methods of rehabilitation and widening.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. D.Johnson Victor, “Essentials of bridge Engineering”- Oxford, IBH publishing company.
2. Ponnuswamy, “Bridge Engineering”-McGraw Hill Publication, 1989.
3. Vazirani Ratwani & M.G.Aswani, “Design of Concrete Bridges”- Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
4. “Design of Bridges”- Dr. Krishna Raju, Oxford & IBH Publishing company Limited.
5. “Analysis and design of Bridges”- M.A.Jayaram, Sapna Publishers, Bangalore.

Standard Data Book on Highway Technology issued by the University may be referred in the P.G Examination of VTU.

ELECTIVE – III
TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
Subject Code : 14CHT421

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Introduction: Characteristics of different modes of transportation; Principles of co-ordination and operation control,
Elements in urban transit system
Transportation Planning Process: Factors to be considered; land use transportation planning; Systems approach.
Transport Surveys: Planning of different types of surveys and interpretation, travel demand; Traffic surveys for mass transit
system planning.
Trip Generation and Distribution: Factors governing trip generation and attraction; Zonal models; Category analysis;
Methods of trip distribution; Application of gravity model.
Modal Split and Assignment: Factors affecting modal split; Modal split in transport planning; principles of traffic
assignment; Assignment techniques
Evaluation: Identification of corridor; Formulation of plans; Economic Evaluation.
Mass Transit Systems: capacity, Fleet planning and Scheduling.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Hutchinson, B.G., “Principles of Urban Transport System Planning”– McGraw Hill Book Co.
2. Kadiyali, L.R., “Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning”– Khanna Publication.
3. Institute of Traffic Engineers – “An Introduction to highway Transportation Engineering”, ITE, USA

Standard Data Book on Highway Technology issued by the University may be referred in the P.G Examination of VTU.

CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY MANAGEMENT
Subject Code : 14 CHT424

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Quality and concept of QM – Necessity for improving quality,, concept of quality control, quality assurance, quality
management and total quality management , Total quality management concepts; ISO9000 documentation; QA/QC systems
and organizations, Quality Audits; Problem solving techniques; Statistical Quality Control; Quality Function Deployment;
Material Quality Assurance; Specifications and Tolerances.
Quality Planning – Quality policy, objectives and methods in construction industry – consumers satisfaction -, time of
completion – statistical tolerance.
Codes and standards quality manuals – documents – contract and construction programming – inspection procedures –
processes and products – total QA / QC programme and cost implication.
Managing Quality in various projects stages from concept to completion by building quality into design of structures,
Inspection of incoming material and machinery In process quality inspections and tests.
Reliability & Probability testing, reliability coefficient and reliability prediction – selection of new materials – influence of
drawings, detailing, specification, standardization – bid preparation – construction activity, environmental safety and social
factors -natural causes and speed of construction – life cycle costing – value engineering and value analysis.
Quality Assurance Department -and quality control responsibilities of the line organization, developing quality culture in the organization, training of people,
Construction accidents -importance, causes of accident, safety measures, construction industry related laws. human factors in safety – legal and financial aspects of accidents in construction – occupational and safety hazard assessment.
Safety Programmes – elements of safety programmes, job-site assessment, safety meetings, safety incentives, contractual
obligations, safety in construction contracts
Safety in Design- safety culture – Safe Workers- Safety and First Line Supervisors – Safety and Middle Managers – Top
Management Practices, Company Activities and Safety – Safety Personnel – Sub-contractual Obligation – Project Coordination
and Safety Procedures – Workers Compensation , Safety issues; Injury accidents and their causes; Safety program components;
Role of workers, Supervisors, Managers and Owners; Safety Procedures for various construction operations; Safety audits;
Safety laws.
Safety Management – safety and first line supervisors, safety and middle managers, top management practices, safety audit,
safety equipment planning and site preparation, safety system of storing construction materials Excavation – blastingtimbering-
scaffolding- safe use of ladders- safety in welding. First- aid- Fire hazards and preventing methods-

References
1. James, J.O Brian, Construction Inspection Handbook – Quality Assurance and Quality Control, Van Nostrand, New York, 1989.
2. Kwaku, A., Tenah, Jose, M. Guevara, Fundamentals of Construction Management and Organization, Reston Publishing Co., Inc., Virginia, 1985.
3. Juran Frank, J.M. and Gryna, F.M, Quality Planning and Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1982.
4. Hutchins.G, ISO 9000, Viva Books, New Delhi, 1993.
5. Clarkson H. Ogiesby, Productivity Improvement in Construction, McGraw-Hill, 1989.
6. IS, IRC, Other codes
7. Jimmy W. Hinze, Construction Safety, Prentice Hall Inc., 1997
8. Richard J. Coble, Jimmie Hinze and Theo C. Haupt, Construction Safety and Health Management, Prentice Hall Inc., 2001.
9. Hand Book on Construction Safety Practices, SP 70, BIS 2001.

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