MTech Textile Technology 1st Semester Syllabus

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ELECTIVE – I: YARN ENGINEERING
Subject code : 14JTT152

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
1. Designing of yarn for various end uses should be studied and understood.
2. The end use performance depends on the design of yarn and quality particulars of yarn.
OUTCOME:
This course helps students to work in apparel and technical industry with a wide knowledge on different yarns and their structural aspects. This knowledge on yarns will help correlate with fabric properties for various applications.
Importance of Yarns: Designing yarns for specific end-uses. Selection of fiber /filament, structure of fiber/filament, spun yarns, multifilament yarns, textured yarns and micro denier multi filament. Yarn diameter derivation of Pierce, Grosberg and Dickson formulae. Functional properties of end products. 10 Hrs.
Yarn Structure and yarn Regularity: Geometrical properties of single and folded yarns. Derivations of related equations. Open & hexagonal
packing and their merits and demerits. Twist contraction and retraction – practical applications. Twist migration and segment length in spun and filament yarns -Theoretical analysis of yarn irregularity – blend irregularity. 10 Hrs.
Transfer of Force: Transmission of force from fiber to fiber in spun yarns – mechanism of yarn breakage. 10 Hrs.
Relationship: Effect of fiber properties and their geometrical configuration on tensile properties of yarns. Concept of elongation. 10 Hrs.
Blends: Effect of properties of constituent fibers and their composition on the behavior of blended Yarns. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Textile yarns” – P.C. Goswamy, J.G. Martindale, Wiley Interscience.
2. “Structural mechanics of fibres, yarns and fabrics” – J.W.S. Hearle, P Grosberg, S. Backer, Wiley Interscience.
3. “Spun yarn technology” – Oxtoby, Butter Worth.
4. “Technology of short staple spinning” – Vol I, II, III, W. Klein, Textile Institute.

ADVANCED KNITTING AND NONWOVENS
Subject code : 14JTT12

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

Objectives: This course work will help the student to enhance their knowledge in modern knitting process, machines and application. Also give the student an independent knowledge about Non-woven production and application.
1. Types of knitting machines, structures, specialty of warp knits.
2. Warp knitting machines and their working to produce various warp knit structures and their uses.
3. Type of warp yarn required for warp knitting and calculations involved.
4. Non-woven production: Latest methods and techniques, application on industry. Testing of non-woven.

Outcome: Student will have an in depth knowledge about warp knitting and non-woven fabric production. It will update the knowledge about modern aspects of warp knitting and non-woven production and application.

KNITTING
Warp knit fabrics; warp knit v/s woven construction, Single needle bar structure and working mechanism, pattern mechanism. Five basic over lap/ under lap variations, closed lap and open lap, direction of lapping at successive courses. Classes of warp knitting machinery, knitting cycle, Tricot, Raschel machines. Knitting elements in Raschel machine, knitting cycle in Raschel. Knitting action of the single needle bar Raschel and compound needle. 10 Hrs.

Knitting elements of Tricot machines, knitting cycle in Tricot machine. Plain Tricot structures, knitted with two full set guide bars, two bar Tricot, Shark skin, Queenscord, Velour and Velvet structures, Satin, overfed pile structures, reverse lock knit. Differences between Tricot and Raschel machines and fabrics. Laying-in in warp knitting, rules governing, laying-in, fall-plate patterning, full width weft insertion, cut presser and miss press structures. Modified warp knit machines and fabrics:- Fall plate and chopper bar Raschel, co-we-nit, weft insertion in knitting.
Pattern controlling mechanism, pattern wheels, electronic jacquards. 10 Hrs.
Yarns for warp knitting:- Materials for warp knitting, filament and spun yarns, unconventional yarns, important yarn properties for warp
knitting, winding and warping for warp knitting. Faults in warp knits. warp knitting calculations 5 Hrs.

NONWOVENS
Classification of non-wovens, preparatory machines for non-wovens fabric Production. Effects of fiber arrangements in the web. Methods and technique used in non-woven production, needle punched, stitch bonded, and adhesive bonded wet laid spun bonded, spun laced laminated and moulded fabrics. Classification of binders and their properties, effect of fiber properties on non-wovens. Modern developments in non-woven productions. 13 Hrs.
Structure of non-wovens: web geometry, fiber orientation curl factor, web density. Identification, properties and application of different nonwovens.
Methods of tests: porosity, tear strength, air permeability, tensile strength, 3-point bending test, fatigue test, CBR Loading, cone
puncture test, Absorbency test, peeling test, pilling test, Study of DIN standards. 12 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Knitting Technology” – David J Spencer.
2. “Warp Knitting” – Ajgaonkar.
3. “Non-woven fabrics” – NN Banerjee.
4. “Non-woven Bonded Fabrics” – Joachim Lünenschloss, Wilhelm Albrecht
5. “Non-woven Fabrics” – production and applications” – M.L. Gulrajani.
6. “Non-woven Technology” – BTRA Conference papers.

ADVANCED WET PROCESSING
Subject code : 14JTT13

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
This course aims at updating the knowledge of students in the field of wet processing such as different dyes and their structural aspects, dye-fibre interactions, latest developments in dyeing, printing and finishing of natural and synthetic textiles. Studies on garment processing will help students to understand various aspects and developments in garment processing.

OUTCOME:
This Course prepares the students thoroughly with respect to advances in wet processing aspects in industry. Students can make their careers in garment and textile wet processing industries by following various principles studied in the course.
Dye-Fiber Interaction: Kinetics of Dyeing. The diffusion of dye inside the fiber. Fick’s laws of diffusion. Theoretical basis for dye absorption.
Theories of dyeing of protein and other Fibers using suitable dyes. 10 Hrs.
Regulations: Red listed textile chemicals, their sources and remedies. Pollution aspects of textile dyeing. Modern approaches to Eco-friendly
wet processing of woven and knitted textiles. Eco-friendly dyes and their method of dyeing. Methods of analysis of formaldehyde, Pentachloro
Phenol (PCP), chlorine compounds and heavy metals in processed and finished fabrics. Eco-labeling and various Eco-standards. 10 Hrs
Garment Dyeing: Modern developments in garment dyeing. Methods and machines. Low temperature dyeing of garments. Finishing of garments using different chemicals and auxiliaries. 10 Hrs.
Finishing: Modern developments in finishing of natural and synthetic textiles. Finishing of textiles with various specialty chemicals. 10 Hrs.
Developments: Modern developments in textile and garment printing, color measurement and computer colour matching concepts. Latest development in natural dyes and their application on various fibers. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Textile Colouration” – C.L.BIRD.
2. “Textile Printing” – LWC Miles.
3. “Chemical Technology of Textile fibers” – ER Troatman.
4. “Dyeing and printing with natural dyes” – M.L.Gulrajani.
5. “Eco-friendly Textile wet processing-coordinator” NCUTE Publication – Dr. R.Ashokan
6. “Environment Problems in chemical processing of Textiles, NCUTE Publication – Dr.A.Asokan, Ms. Yogita
7. “Finishing of Khadi Garments” – Dr.R.B.Chavan, R.Chattopadhyay, R.P.Tewari, IIT Delhi.
8. “Instrumental Colour measurement and computer aided colour matching for textiles – H.S.Shah & R.S.Gandhi.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Subject code : 14JTT14

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
1. Statistical tests are essentially required to substantiate the results of any technical projects.
2. Statistical test clearly indicate the significant difference between the samples through F and T-tests.
OUTCOME:
Students can apply the principles of statistics to any problems related to yarn manufacture, fabric construction and garment designing satisfactorily and can work in apparel manufacturing and research institutions.
Research Methodology: Introduction, meaning of research, objectives, types and significance of research, defining a research problem, formulation of a hypothesis, research design and features of good design, methods of data collection, primary and secondary data, designing a questionnaire. Interpretation of results and report writing. 10 Hrs.
Descriptive Statistics, Probability and Distribution: Basic statistical concepts, Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Elements of Probability, Addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Examples, probability distributions. Binomial, Poisson and normal Distributions 10 Hrs
Sampling Techniques Statistical Inference: Random sampling, simple random sampling and stratified random sampling. Non-sampling errors.
Random sampling, simple random sampling and stratified random sampling. Non-sampling errors. Statistical hypotheses, Type-1 and Type-2
errors, level of significance, size and power of a test. Definition of Chi-square, t and F distributions. Central limit theorem. Tests for the mean, equality of two means, variance (for large and small samples), large sample tests for proportions, Chi-square test for goodness of fit and independence of attributes in contingency tables. Confidence interval. 10 Hrs.
Design of Experiments, Correlation and Regression: Analysis of variance. One way and 2 way classified data. Design of Experiments. Analysis of completely randomized, randomized block. Factorial experiments 22 and 23 factorial experiments, Yates technique.
Problem of related variables. Product moment correlation coefficient and its properties. Simple linear regression and multiple linear regression.
Coefficient of determination. 10 Hrs.
Multivariate Data Analysis: Introduction. Multivariate normal distributions. Mean vector, variance, covariance matrix and correlation matrix
and their estimation for multivariate data. Step wise regression. Selection of best subject of variables. Classification and discrimination
problems. Factor analysis .Principal component analysis. Illustrative examples, Multivariate data analysis using SPSS software. Illustrative examples. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Probability & Statistics for Engineers and Scientists” VI Edition – R E Walpole, Raymond H Myers, Sharon L Myers, Prentice Hall.
2. “Fundamentals of mathematical statistics” – Gupta, S.C and Kapoor V.K, Sultan Chand & L Co. New Delhi.
3. “Fundamentals of Applied statistics” – Gupta, S.C and Kapoor V.K. Sultan Chand & L Co. New Delhi
4. “Introduction to probability and statistics for engineers and scientists” – S. M. Ross, Elsevier Publications.
5. “Probability and Applied Statistics for Engineers” – D. C. Montogomery, Wiley International, Student Ed.
6. “Probability and Statistics for engineers” – Miller and Freund
7. “Applied multivariate statistical analysis” – Johnson R and Wichern (1992), Third Ed. Prentice Hall India.

ELECTIVE – I: ADVANCED MATHEMATICS
Subject code : 14JTT151

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
Basic mathematics is required for application to find solutions for industry problems.
This course aims at updating the knowledge of students in the field of advanced mathematics which is very important in textile and garment fabric manufacture calculations.
OUTCOME:
Students can analyze the fibres, yarns, fabrics and garments with the knowledge of advanced mathematics.
Fourier series, Partial differential equations of first order: Periodic functions -Fourier series of functions with period’s 2 and 21 half range – Fourier cosine and sine series – odd and even functions. Formation Lagrange’s methods for linear equations, standard types of nonlinear equations – Charpits methods – Fourier series solutions of one dimensional wave. 10 Hrs.
Special functions: Beta and Gamma functions – relation between beta and Gamma functions standard properties and problems. Complex variables: Complex functions – limits, continuity and derivatives of functions- analytical itemann equations of Cartesian and polar forms.
10 Hrs.
Calculus of variables: Variation of fundamental of a single variable with fixed boundary, Euler’s equation, application to isoperimetric and minimal surface problems .Variations of functional dependent on higher derivatives. Simple problems. 10 Hrs.
Finite differences: Differences table interpolation. Newton’s forward and backward formulae, sterling, Bassel, Evert and Langrange’s Formulae.
Newton- Rosphon methods of solution of equations. Iterative methods. Computation of Eigen value of a square matrix by power method and Jacobi’s method. 10 Hrs.
Numerical solutions of differential equations: Numerical differentiation, Numerical integration, Simson’s rule, Euler’s and modified Euler’s method. Taylor’s, Runga Kutta’s and Midne’s method. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Special functions of mathematical physics and Chemistry” – I.N.Snaddon, ELBS.
2. “Complex Variables” – Murray R.Spigal, Sham series Pub.
3. “Advanced calculus” – Murray R.Spigal Sham series Pub.
4. “Differential equation with calculus of variations” – E.El’s Golts, Mir Publications Moscow.
5. “Numerical Analysis” – F.Shield, Sham series Pub.
6. “Numerical Analysis” – S.S. Shastry

ADVANCED FIBER PHYSICS
Subject code : 14JTT11

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
This course aims at updating the knowledge of students in following fields of fiber physics.
1. Investigation of fiber fine structure using various advanced instruments.
2. Elaborated study of various mechanical behavior of fibers, which includes time temperature, super position, WLF equations and mechanics of fiber in composite form, bending, frictional and torsional behavior.
3. In depth study in moisture relations, optical, thermal and electrical properties of fibers.

OUTCOME:
1. This course work prepares the students to face real problems related to fiber behavior in various fields of textiles vizspinning, weaving chemical processing and garmenting.
2. As this subject deals with the most fundamental aspects of textiles (fibers), in-depth knowledge in this subject helps in carrying out any kind of research in textiles and allied fields.

Introduction to macromolecular physics: Modern concepts of fiber structure. Physical methods of structural characterization of fibers, viz., DGC, TEM, SEM, WAXS, SAXS, IRS, NMR, DSC and DTA. 10 Hrs.
Deformation of elastic solid: Generalized Hook’s Law, Component of Stress and strain. Linear visco-elastic behavior of fibers. 10 Hrs.

Models: Boltzmann superposition principle. Study of dynamic mechanical properties and their investigation in study of fibers. Introduction to mechanical properties of fiber composites. Temperature dependence of visco-elastic behavior. Time-Temperature Equivalence and Superposition. WLF equation. Study of fiber stiffness and torsion. 10 Hrs.

Moisture Properties: Study of molecular theory of moisture hysteresis, 2 and 3 phase moisture adsorption theories. Heat of sorption in textile fibers. Effect of moisture on mechanical properties of fibers. 10 Hrs.

Fibre Properties: Study of optical properties, thermal, frictional, electrical, Di-electric and static properties of fibers. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Polymer characterization” – Hunt and James – Chapman and Hall, London, 1993
2. “Mechanical properties of polymers” – I M Ward
3. “Mechanical properties of polymers” – Nielson – Vol I, II, III.
4. “Physical properties of fibers” – W.R. Morton and J.W.S Hearle
5. “Characterization of polymers” – Campbell and White
6. “Introduction to polymer visco-elasticity” – Aklonis
7. “Physical polymer science” – L.H. Sperling

ELECTIVE – I: STRATEGIC AND TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT
Subject code : 14JTT153

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
In the present scenario the strategic management techniques are useful in following areas.
1. The new strategies are useful in increasing the productivity and quality to meet the global challenges.
2. The concept of strategic management can be successfully adopted in garment industry.
3. Students can update their knowledge about the modern management concept and they can adopt these concepts in the garment sector.
OUTCOME:
The new management concepts can prepare the students to take up the new challenges in the present global scenario.
Management information system: Introduction and background frame work-information needed economics System view – role of MIS on various levels – structure of MIS – Information network – system life cycle – data flow – decision trees. 10 Hrs.
Corporate strategy and planning: Concept of frame work, corporate management, role, Function skill. 10 Hrs.
Strategic analysis: cost dynamics – portfolio analysis – financial analysis, Strategic choices. Alternating – diversification-mergers and acquisition implementation and evaluation of strategy. 10 Hrs.
Strategic management and leadership: Role of leadership – process of leadership – line structure, styles. 10 Hrs.
Technology management: Technology life cycle – transformation – alternatives – appropriate technology – technology change – technology
transfer – models. Technology absorption Assessment – evaluation – diffusion. 10 Hrs.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Management Information Systems: conceptual foundation, structure and development” – David G.B, McGraw hill New York
2. “Effective Leadership”, “The Skills of Leadership” – John Adair, Wildwood House
3. “Strategic Management – An Integrated Approach” – Charles WL Hill and Gareth R Jones.

ELECTIVE – I: APPLICATION OF IT IN TEXTILES
Subject code : 14JTT154

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : — No. of Tutorial : 02 Hours/ Week
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
The main objective is to understand the use of IT in textile and garment industries. Knowledge of CAD/CAM can enhance the knowledge of students.
OUTCOME
The students will be able to secure good positions in textile and garment industries where IT application is predominant. They will be able to handle advanced software related to textiles and garment design and manufacture.
Introduction to IT in Textiles: information technology and the web paradigm, E-business application for textile industry. 10 Hrs
Enterprise resource planning: Structure of ERP, General Principles involved in the application of ERP, ERP models, ERP selections for the textile industry. 10 Hrs
Internet and internet concepts: Internet based manufacturing EDI for textile businesses, logistics management, management information systems in spinning, weaving and wet processing sections. 10 Hrs
Applications: CAD \ CAM in Textiles. Information technology in fashion and garment industry. 10Hrs
Management: Total quality management and information technology. 10 Hrs

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. “Texinfotech – 99, Resume of papers” – IT in Textiles in the New Millennium, July 1999, IIT, Delhi.
2. “Texinfotech – 2000, International Conference”, Resume of papers, New Delhi, 2000
3. “E-Commerce” – Kamlesh K. Bajaj & Debjani Nag -TATA, McGraw HILL Co. Ltd, New Delhi.
4. “Electronic Commerce” – Gary P. Schneider

LAB COMPONENT
Subject code : 14JTT16

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : — Exam Hours : 03
No. of Practical Hours / Week : 03 No. of Tutorial : —
Total No. of Lecture Hours : 14 Exam Marks : 50

OBJECTIVES:
The main objective is to understand the application of theoretical knowledge.
OUTCOME
The students will be able to tackle problem both in industry and business.
Collection of special knit structure and analysis of the same. Understanding relationship between structure and geometry. Design and product development.
Collection of nonwoven samples and its characterization. Structural analysis of non- wovens. Design and product development.
Collection of functional wet processed samples. Application and use of colour spectrophotometer. Evaluation of dyes and finishes. Study of mechanism and kinetics of dying. Energy consumption and environmental impact of wet processing industry.

SEMINAR
Subject code : 14JTT17

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hours / Week : — Exam Hours : —
No. of Practical Hours / Week : 03 No. of Tutorial : —
Total No. of Lecture Hours : — Exam Marks : —

OBJECTIVES:
The main objective of this course is to prepare the students to improve their presentation skills. The course also helps students to enhance
their report preparation skills.
OUTCOME:
The students become confident in presentation of ideas, reports of companies, production data, interpretation of data etc.
In the subject each student has to present a seminar on the topics suggested by the concerned faculty. At the end of the semester a detailed seminar report has to be submitted to the department for allotment of internal assessment marks

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