VTU 3rd Semester Instrumentation Technology Syllabus

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – III
CODE: 10 MAT 31

IA Marks: 25
Exam Marks:100

Click Here To MATHEMATICS – 3 Syllabus See

ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS
(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ES32

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1:
Diode Circuits: Diode Resistance, Diode equivalent circuits, Transition and diffusion capacitance, Reverse recovery time, Load line analysis, Rectifiers, Clippers and clampers.

UNIT 2:
Transistor Biasing: Operating point, Fixed bias circuits, Emitter stabilized biased circuits, Voltage divider biased, DC bias with voltage feedback, Miscellaneous bias configurations, Design operations, Transistor switching networks, PNP transistors, Bias stabilization.

UNIT 3:
Transistor at Low Frequencies: BJT transistor modeling, Hybrid equivalent model, CE Fixed bias configuration, Voltage divider bias, Emitter follower, CB configuration, Collector feedback configuration, Hybrid equivalent model.

UNIT 4:
Transistor Frequency Response: General frequency considerations, low frequency response, Miller effect capacitance, High frequency response, multistage frequency effects.

PART – B

UNIT 5:
(a) General Amplifiers: Cascade connections, Cascode connections, Darlington connections.
(b) Feedback Amplifier: Feedback concept, Feedback connections type, Practical feedback circuits.

UNIT 6:
Power Amplifiers: Definitions and amplifier types, series fed class A amplifier, Transformer coupled Class A amplifiers, Class B amplifier operations, Class B amplifier circuits, Amplifier distortions.

UNIT 7:
Oscillators: Oscillator operation, Phase shift Oscillator, Wienbridge Oscillator, Tuned Oscillator circuits, Crystal Oscillator. (BJT Version Only)

UNIT 8:
FET Amplifiers: FET small signal model, Biasing of FET, Common drain common gate configurations, MOSFETs, FET amplifier networks.

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, PHI/Pearson Eduication. 9TH Edition.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. ‘Integrated Electronics’, Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias, Tata – McGraw Hill, 1991 Edition
  • 2. “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, David A. Bell, PHI, 4th Edition, 2004
  • 3. “Analog Circuits: A Fundamental Approach”, U B Mahadevaswamy, Pearson/Saguine, 2007

LOGIC DESIGN
(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ES33

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1:
Principles of combinational logic-1: Definition of combinational logic, Canonical forms, Generation of switching equations from truth tables, Karnaugh maps-3, 4 and 5 variables, Incompletely specified functions (Don’t Care terms), Simplifying Max term equations.

UNIT 2:
Principles of combinational Logic-2: Quine-McCluskey minimization technique- Quine-McCluskey using don’t care terms, Reduced Prime Implicant Tables, Map entered variables.

UNIT 3:
Analysis and design of combinational logic – I: General approach, Decoders-BCD decoders, Encoders.

UNIT 4:
Analysis and design of combinational logic – II: Digital multiplexers- Using multiplexers as Boolean function generators. Adders and subtractors- Cascading full adders, Look ahead carry, Binary comparators.

PART – B

UNIT 5:
Sequential Circuits – 1: Basic Bistable Element, Latches, SR Latch, Application of SR Latch, A Switch Debouncer, The ıS ıR Latch, The gated SR Latch, The gated D Latch, The Master-Slave Flip-Flops (Pulse-Triggered Flip-Flops): The Master-Slave SR Flip-Flops, The Master-Slave JK Flip-Flop, Edge Triggered Flip-Flop: The Positive Edge-Triggered D Flip-Flop, Negative-Edge Triggered D Flip-Flop.

UNIT 6:
Sequential Circuits – 2: Characteristic Equations, Registers, Counters – Binary Ripple Counters, Synchronous Binary counters, Counters based on Shift Registers, Design of a Synchronous counters, Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter using clocked JK Flip-Flops Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter using clocked D, T, or SR Flip-Flops

UNIT 7:
Sequential Design – I: Introduction, Mealy and Moore Models, State Machine Notation, Synchronous Sequential Circuit Analysis,

UNIT 8:
Sequential Design – II: Construction of state Diagrams, Counter Design

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. “Digital Logic Applications and Design”, John M Yarbrough, Thomson Learning, 2001.
  • 2. “Digital Principles and Design “, Donald D Givone, Tata McGraw Hill Edition, 2002.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. “Fundamentals of logic design”, Charles H Roth, Jr; Thomson Learning, 2004.
  • 2. “Logic and computer design Fundamentals”, Mono and Kim, Pearson, Second edition, 2001.
  • 3. “Logic Design”, Sudhakar Samuel, Pearson/Saguine, 2007

NETWORK ANALYSIS
(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ES34

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1:
Basic Concepts: Practical sources, Source transformations, Network reduction using Star – Delta transformation, Loop and node analysis With linearly dependent and independent sources for DC and AC networks, Concepts of super node and super mesh.

UNIT 2:
Network Topology: Graph of a network, Concept of tree and co-tree, incidence matrix, tie-set, tie-set and cut-set schedules, Formulation of equilibrium equations in matrix form, Solution of resistive networks, Principle of duality.

UNIT 3:
Network Theorems – 1: Superposition, Reciprocity and Millman’s theorems.

UNIT 4:
Network Theorems – II: Thevinin’s and Norton’s theorems; Maximum Power transfer theorem

PART – B

UNIT 5:
Resonant Circuits: Series and parallel resonance, frequency response of series and Parallel circuits, Q –factor, Bandwidth.

UNIT 6:
Transient behavior and initial conditions: Behavior of circuit elements under switching condition and their Representation, evaluation of initial and final conditions in RL, RC and RLC circuits for AC and DC excitations.

UNIT 7:
Laplace Transformation & Applications : Solution of networks, step, ramp and impulse responses, waveform Synthesis

UNIT 8:
Two port network parameters: Definition of z, y, h and transmission parameters, modeling with these parameters, relationship between parameters sets.

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. “Network Analysis”, M. E. Van Valkenburg, PHI / Pearson Education, 3rd Edition. Reprint 2002.
  • 2. “Networks and systems”, Roy Choudhury, 2nd edition, 2006 re-print, New Age International Publications.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. “Engineering Circuit Analysis”, Hayt, Kemmerly and DurbinTMH 6th Edition, 2002
  • 2. “Analysis of Linear Systems”, David K. Cheng, Narosa Publishing House, 11th reprint, 2002

ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION
(Common to EC/TC/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10IT35

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1:
Introduction
(a) Measurement Errors: Gross errors and systematic errors, Absolute and relative errors, Accuracy, Precision, Resolution and Significant figures.
(b) Voltmeters and Multimeters Introduction, Multirange voltmeter, Extending voltmeter ranges, Loading, AC voltmeter using Rectifiers – Half wave and full wave, Peak responding and True RMS voltmeters.

UNIT – 2:
Digital Instruments
Digital Voltmeters – Introduction, DVM’s based on V – T, V – F and Successive approximation principles, Resolution and sensitivity, General specifications, Digital Multi-meters, Digital frequency meters, Digital measurement of time.

UNIT – 3:
Oscilloscopes
Introduction, Basic principles, CRT features, Block diagram and working of each block, Typical CRT connections, Dual beam and dual trace CROs, Electronic switch.

UNIT – 4:
Special Oscilloscopes
Delayed time-base oscilloscopes, Analog storage, Sampling and Digital storage oscilloscopes.

PART – B

UNIT – 5:
Signal Generators
Introduction, Fixed and variable AF oscillator, Standard signal generator, Laboratory type signal generator, AF sine and Square wave generator, Function generator, Square and Pulse generator, Sweep frequency generator, Frequency synthesizer.

UNIT – 6:
Measurement of resistance, inductance and capacitance Whetstone’s bridge, Kelvin Bridge; AC bridges, Capacitance Comparison Bridge, Maxwell’s bridge, Wein’s bridge, Wagner’s earth connection

UNIT – 7:
Transducers – I
Introduction, Electrical transducers, Selecting a transducer, Resistive transducer, Resistive position transducer, Strain gauges, Resistance thermometer, Thermistor, Inductive transducer, Differential output transducers and LVDT.

UNIT – 8:
Miscellaneous Topics
(a) Transducers – II –Piezoelectric transducer, Photoelectric transducer, Photovoltaic transducer, Semiconductor photo devices, Temperature transducers-RTD, Thermocouple .
(b) Display devices: Digital display system, classification of display, Display devices, LEDs, LCD displays.
(c) Bolometer and RF power measurement using Bolometer
(d) Introduction to Signal conditioning.

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. “Electronic Instrumentation”, H. S. Kalsi, TMH, 2004
  • 2. “Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements”, David A Bell, PHI / Pearson Education, 2006.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. “Principles of measurement systems”, John P. Beately, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2000
  • 2. “Modern electronic instrumentation and measuring techniques”, Cooper D & A D Helfrick, PHI, 1998.
  • 3. Electronics & electrical measurements, A K Sawhney, , Dhanpat Rai & sons, 9th edition.

INSTRUMENT TRANSUDCERS
Sub Code : 10IT36

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1:
INTRODUCTION:
Definition of a transducer, Block Diagram, Active and Passive Transducers, Primary and Secondary Transducers, Advantages of Electrical Transducers, Selection of Transducers. 04 Hours

UNIT 2:
RESISTIVE TRANSDUCERS: Potentiometers: Characteristics, loading effect, Linearity & sensitivity, Materials used for potentiometers, advantages & disadvantages of Resistive potentiometers. strain gauge: theory, Types, Applications, Thermistors, RTD, Thin Film Sensors, problems. 08 Hours

UNIT 3:
CAPACITIVE TRANSDUCERS: Capacitive Transducers using change in area of plates, distance between plates, & change of dielectric constants, Linearity by differential arrangement, frequency response, advantages, disadvantages & applications of Capacitive Transducers. Piezo-electric Transducers: Principles of operation, expression for output voltage, piezo-electric materials, equivalent circuit, Loading effect, charge Amplifier, frequency response, Applications, and problems. 08 Hours

UNIT 4:
VARIABLE INDUCTANCE TRANSDUCER: Linear variable differential Transformer (LVDT): Principles, characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, applications and problems 06 Hours

PART – B

UNIT 5:
STATIC CHARACTERISTICS OF INSTRUMENTS: Definition, Static Calibration, True Value, Static Error & correction, Scale Range and Span, Reproducibility, Drift, Repeatability, accuracy & Precision, linearity, Hysteresis, Threshold, Dead time & Dead zone, Resolution & Discrimination, Problems. 08 Hours

UNIT 6:
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF INSTRUMENTS: Definition, Speed of Response, measuring lag, Fidelity, Dynamic Error, dead time, Frequency response of 1st & 2nd order Systems, Correlation between time and Frequency response of 2nd Order Instruments, Problems. 06 Hours

UNIT 7:
TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Zero Order Instruments, 1st & 2nd Order Instruments – Step, ramp, & Impulse Responses, Time Domain Specifications: Rise time, Settling Time, Peak Overshoot, & Settling time, Problems. 06Hours

UNIT 8:
SPECIAL TRANSDUCERS: Hall Effect Transducers, Principles & Applications. Magnetostrictive Transducers: Characteristics & applications. Opto–Electronic Transducers: Photo Voltaic & Photo conductive Cells, Photo Diode & Photo Transistor – Characteristics & applications. Digital transducers and Smart transducers: Principles & Applications. 6 Hours

Text Book:-
Electrical & Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation, A.K. Sawhney.

Reference Books:-

  • 1. Instrument Transducers, H.K.P. Neubert.
  • 2. Handbook of Transducers, H.N. Norton.
  • 3. Instrumentation In scientific Research, K.S. Lion.

ANALOG ELECTRONICS LAB
(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ESL37

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 50

1. Wiring of RC coupled Single stage FET & BJT amplifier and determination of the gain-frequency response, input and output impedances.
2. Wiring of BJT Darlington Emitter follower with and without bootstrapping and determination of the gain, input and output impedances (Single circuit) (One Experiment)
3. Wiring of a two stage BJT Voltage series feed back amplifier and determination of the gain, Frequency response, input and output impedances with and without feedback (One Experiment)
4. Wiring and Testing for the performance of BJT-RC Phase shift Oscillator for f0 ≤ 10 KHz
5. Testing for the performance of BJT – Hartley & Colpitts Oscillators for RF range f0 ≥100KHz.
6. Testing for the performance of BJT -Crystal Oscillator for f0 > 100 KHz
7 Testing of Diode clipping (Single/Double ended) circuits for peak clipping, peak detection
8. Testing of Clamping circuits: positive clamping /negative clamping.
9. Testing of a transformer less Class – B push pull power amplifier and determination of its conversion efficiency.
10. Testing of Half wave, Full wave and Bridge Rectifier circuits with and without Capacitor filter. Determination of ripple factor, regulation and efficiency
11. Verification of Thevinin’s Theorem and Maximum Power Transfer theorem for DC Circuits.
12. Characteristics of Series and Parallel resonant circuits.

LOGIC DESIGN LAB
(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML)
Sub Code : 10ESL38

1. Simplification, realization of Boolean expressions using logic gates/Universal gates.
2. Realization of Half/Full adder and Half/Full Subtractors using logic gates.
3. (i) Realization of parallel adder/Subtractors using 7483 chip
(ii) BCD to Excess-3 code conversion and vice versa.
4. Realization of Binary to Gray code conversion and vice versa
5. MUX/DEMUX – use of 74153, 74139 for arithmetic circuits and code converter.
6. Realization of One/Two bit comparator and study of 7485 magnitude comparator.
7. Use of a) Decoder chip to drive LED display and b) Priority encoder.
8. Truth table verification of Flip-Flops: (i) JK Master slave (ii) T type and (iii) D type.
9. Realization of 3 bit counters as a sequential circuit and MOD – N counter design (7476, 7490, 74192, 74193).
10. Shift left; Shift right, SIPO, SISO, PISO, PIPO operations using 74S95.
11. Wiring and testing Ring counter/Johnson counter.
12. Wiring and testing of Sequence generator.

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