VTU B.E 3rd Semester Civil Engineering Syllabus |2010 Scheme

Download Soft Copy of the Syllabus [All Subjects]

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – III
Sub Code : 10MAT31 

IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 100

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BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY
(COMMON TO CV/TR/CTM)

Sub Code : 10CV 32
IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 100

Part-A

UNIT-1 FOUNDATION
Function and requirements of a good foundation, Types of foundations, Preliminary investigation of soil, Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil, Introduction to spread, combined, strap, mat and pile foundations, Design of strip and combined footings [6 hours]

UNIT-2 MASONRY
Classification of Masonry, Definition of terms used in Masonry, Introduction to classification and qualities of bricks, Bonds in Brick work – English Bond, Flemish Bond, Reinforced, Brick Masonry, Common building stones, their properties and uses, Classification of stone masonry, Joints in stone masonry, Introduction to load bearing, cavity and partition walls. [8 hours]

UNIT-3 ARCHES, LINTEL AND BALCONY
Elements of an arch, Classification of arches, Stability of arch, Definition and classification of Lintels, Definition and functions of Chejja, Canopy & Balcony. [6 hours]
UNIT-4 ROOFS AND FLOORS
Types of Roofs & Roofing materials, Flat roof (RCC), Types of pitched roofs, Wooden Truss, Steel trusses, Types of flooring, Factors affecting selection of flooring materials. [7 hours]

Part-B

UNIT-5 DOORS AND WINDOWS
Location of doors and windows, Definition of technical terms, Types of Doors, Types of windows, Varieties of materials for doors and windows & their properties. [6 hours]

UNIT-6 STAIRS
Definition of technical terms, Requirements of ground stair, Types of Stairs, Geometrical design of RCC Dog legged and open well stairs (Plain and sector elevation). [6 hours]

UNIT-7 PLASTERING AND PAINTING
Purpose of plastering, Materials of plastering, Methods of plastering, Defects in plastering, Introduction to Paintings and types of Painting, Constituents of paints & types, Purpose of Painting, Defects in Painting, Application of Paints to new and old surfaces. [6 hours]

UNIT-8 MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS
Properties and uses of plastics, aluminum, glasses, varnishes, Introduction to smart materials and its application, Introduction to formwork and scaffolding, Formwork details for RCC Column, Beams and Floors, Shoring and under pinning, Damp Proofing – Causes of Dampness, Effects of Dampness, Methods of Damp Proofing [7 hours]

TEXT BOOKS

  • 1. Engineering Materials, Rangawala P.C. Charter Publishing House, Anand, India.
  • 2. Engineering Materials, Sushil Kumar, Standard Publication and Distributors, New Delhi.
  • 3. Concrete technology – Theory and practice, M..S. Shetty, S. Chand and Co, New Delhi, 2002.

REFERENCE BOOKS

  • 1. A Text Book Building Materials, by P.G. Varghese, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., Publication.
  • 2. Advances in Building Materials and Construction by Mohan Rai and M.P. Jain Singh – publication by CBRI, Roorkee.
  • 3. Concrete Technology, Neville A.M and Brooks J.J –– ELBS Edition. London
  • 4. Concrete Technology – Gambhir M.L –Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi.

FLUID MECHANICS
Sub. Code: 10CV 35

IA Marks: 25
Exam Hours: 03 hours
Exam Marks: 100

PART-A

UNIT-1: BASIC PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
Introduction, Definiton of Fluid, Systems of units, properties of fluid: Mass density, Specific weight, Specific gravity, Specific
volume, Viscosity, Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface tension,& Capillarity. Newton’s law of viscosity (theory & problems).Capillary rise in a vertical tube and between two plane surfaces (theory & problems). [06 Hrs.]

UNIT-2: PRESSURE AND ITS MEASUREMENT
Definition of pressure, Pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, Variation of pressure with depth. Types of pressure. Vapour
pressre. Measurement of pressure using a simple, differential & inclined manometers (theory & problems). Introduction to
Mechanical and electronic pressure measuring devices. [07 Hrs.]

UNIT-3: HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE ON SURFACES
Basic definitions, equations for hydrostatic force and depth of centre of pressure for Vertical and inclined submerged laminae
(plane and curved )- Problems. [06 Hrs]

UNIT-4: KINEMATICS OF FLOW

Introduction, methods of describing fluid motion, definitions of types of fluid flow, streamline, pathline, streamtube. Three
dimensional continuity equation in Cartesian Coordinates ( derivation and problems ). General Continuity equation ( problems ). Velocity potential, Stream function, Equipotential line, Stream line- problems, Physical concepts of Streamfunction. Introduction to flow net. [07 Hrs]

PART-B

UNIT-5: DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW
Introduction, Energy possessed by a fluid body. Euler’s equation of motion along a streamline and Bernoulli’s equation.
Assumptions and limitations of Bernoulli’s equation. Problems on applications of Bernoulli’s equation (with and without losses). Introduction to kinetic energy correction factor. Momentum equation problems on pipe bends. [07 Hrs]

UNIT-6: PIPE FLOW
Introduction, losses in pipe flow,. Darcy-Weisbach equation for head loss due to friction in a pipe. Pipes in series, pipes in parallel, equivalent pipe-problems. Minor losses in pipe flow, equation for head loss due to sudden expansion- problems.
Water hammer in pipes, equation for pressure rise due to gradual valve closure & sudden closure for rigid and elastic pipesproblems. [07 Hrs]

UNIT-7: DEPTH AND VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS
Introduction, Measurement of depth, point & hook gauges, self recording gauges. Staff gauge, Weight gauge, float gauge. Measurement of velocity- single and double gauges, pitot tube, Current meter- Problems. [06 Hrs]

UNIT-8: DISCHARGE MEASUREMENTS
Introduction, Venturimeter, Orificemeter, Rotometer, Venturiflume, Triangular notch, Rectangular notch, Cipolletti notch, Ogee weir and Broad crested weir, Small orifices- Problems. [06 Hrs ]

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. ‘A TextBook of Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines’- R.K.Rajput, S.Chand & Co, New Delhi, 2006 Edition.
  • 2. ‘Principles of Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines’- N.Narayana Pillai, Universities Press(India), Hyderabad,2009 Edition.
  • 3. ‘ Fluid Mechanics and Turbomachines’- Madan Mohan Das, PHI Learning Pvt. Limited, New Delhi. 2009 Edition.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics’ – Bruce R. Munson, Donald F.Young, Theodore H. Okiishi, Wiley India, New Delhi, 2009 Edition.
  • 2. ‘Introduction To Fluid Mechanics’ – Edward j. Shaughnessy,jr; Ira m. Katz:; James p Schaffer, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2005 Edition.
  • 3. ‘ Text Book Of Fluid Mechanics& Hydralic Machines’- R.K.Bansal, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2008 Edition.
  • 4. ‘Fluid Mechanics’ – Streeter, Wylie, Bedford New Delhi,  2008(Ed)

SURVEYING – I
(COMMON TO CV/TR/EV/CTM)

Sub Code : 10 CV 34
IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1:  Introduction
1.1 Definition of Surveying, 1.2 Classification of Surveys, 1.3 Uses of Surveying Units of Measurements, 1.4 Map & Classification, 1.5 Survey of India topographical Maps and their numbering., 1.6 Basic principles of surveying, 1.7 Errors, Classification, 1.8 Precision and accuracy. [04 Hours]

UNIT 2: Measurement of horizontal distances.
2.1 Chain and types, 2.2 Tape and types, 2.3 EDM devices, 2.3 Ranging of lines 2.4 Direct and Indirect, 2.5 Measurement of distances over sloping grounds, 2.6 Chain and Tape corrections – Numerical problems. [5 Hours]

UNIT 3: Chain Surveying
3.1 Accessories required, 3.2 Selection of stations and lines, 3.3 Offsets and types 3.4 Setting out of right angles, 3.5 Working principle and use of optical square, prism square, cross staff., 3.6 Linear methods of setting out right angles, 3.7 Booking of chain survey work, 3.8 Field book, entries, conventional symbols, 3.9 Obstacles in chain survey, Numerical problems, 3.10 Errors in chain survey and precautions to be taken. [7 Hours]

UNIT 4: Compass Surveying
4.1 Meridians and bearings, 4.2 Principle, working and use of – Prismatic compass 4.3 Surveyor’s compass, 4.4 Magnetic bearing, true bearings, 4.5 WCB and Reduced bearing. 4.6 Dip and Declination 4.7 Accessories required for compass surveying, 4.8 Traverse – closed and open traverse 4.9 Computation of bearings of legs of closed traverse given the bearing of one of the legs, 4.10 Computation of included angles given the bearings of legs of a closed traverse. [6 Hours]

PART – B

UNIT 5: Compass Traversing continued….
5.1 Local attraction, determination and corrections, 5.2 Dependent and independent co-ordinates, 5.3 Checks for closed traverse and determination of closing error and its direction 5.4 Bowditch’s graphical method of adjustment of closed traverse, 5.5 Bowditch’s rule and transit rule, 5.6 Omitted measurements (Only Length and corresponding bearing of one line). 8 [8 Hours]

UNIT 6: Introduction to Levelling
6.1 Principles and basic definitions, 6.2 Fundamental axes and part of a  dumpy level, 6.3 Types of adjustments and objectives, 6.4 Temporary adjustments of a dumpy level, 6.5 Sensitiveness of bubble tube, 6.6 Curvature and refraction correction, 6.7 Type of leveling, 6.8 Simple leveling, 6.9 Reciprocal leveling, 6.10 Profile leveling, 6.11 Cross sectioning, 6.12 Fly leveling,
[7 Hours ]

UNIT 7: Reduction of Levelling continued…. [Refer PDF File for Proper format]
7.1 Booking of levels 7.2 Rise and fall method and Height of instrument method 7.3 comparison Arithmetic checks 7.4 Fly back leveling., 7.5 Errors and precautions. [6 Hours]
Contouring
7.6 Contours and their characteristics, 7.7 Methods of contouring, 7.8 direct and indirect methods, 7.9 Interpolation techniques, 7.10 Uses of contours 7.11 Numerical problems on determining intervisibility, 7.12 Grade contours and uses. [4 Hours]

UNIT 8: Plane Table Surveying
8.1 Plane table and accessories, 8.2 Advantages and limitations of plane table survey, 8.3 Orientation and methods of orientation, 8.4 Methods of plotting – Radiation, Intersection, Traversing, 8.5 Resection method, 8.6 Two point and three point problems, 8.7 Solution to two point problem by graphical method, 8.8 Solution to three point problem Bessel’s graphical method, .9 Errors in plane table survey. [5 Hours]

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. ‘Surveying’ Vol–1 – B.C. Punmia , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi.
  • 2. Surveying and Levelling – R Subramanian. Oxford University Press (2007) 9 Text Book of Surveying – C. Venkataramiah. Universities Press.(2009 Reprint)

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Fundamentals of Surveying – Milton O. Schimidt – Wong, Thomson Learning.
  • 2. Fundamentals of Surveying – S.K. Roy – Prentice Hall of India.
  • 3. Surveying Vol. I, S.K. Duggal, Tata McGraw Hill – Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. Survey of India Publication on maps.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
(COMMON TO CV/TR/EV/CTM)

Sub Code : 10 CV 33
IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT 1: Simple Stress and Strain
1.1 Introduction, 1.2 Properties of Materials, 1.3 Stress, Strain, Hook’s law, 1.4 Poisson’s Ratio, 15 Stress – Strain Diagram for structural steel and non ferrous 5 materials, 1.6 Principles of superposition, 1.7 Total elongation of tapering bars of circular and rectangular cross sections. Elongation due to self – weight [7 Hours]

UNIT 2: Simple Stress and Strain continued…
2.1 Composite section, 2.2 Volumetric strain, expression for volumetric strain, 2.3 Elastic constants, relationship among elastic constants, 2.4 Thermal stresses (including thermal stresses in compound bars). [6 Hours]

UNIT 3: Compound stresses
3.1 Introduction, 3.2 Stress components on inclined planes, 3.3 General twodimensional stress system, 3.4 Principal planes and stresses, 3.5 Mohr’s circle of stresses. [8 Hours]

UNIT 4: Bending moment and shear force in beams
4.1 Introduction, 4.2 Types of beams loadings and supports, 4.3 Shearing force in beam, 4.4 Bending moment, 4.5 Sign convention, 4.6 Relationship between loading, shear force and bending moment, 4.7 Shear force and bending moment equations, SFD and BMD with salient values for cantilever beams, simply supported beams and overhanging beams considering point loads, UDL, UVL and Couple. [7 Hours]

PART – B

UNIT 5:Bending stress, shear stress in beams
5.1 Introduction – Bending stress in beam, 5.2 Assumptions in simple bending theory, 5.3 Pure bending derivation of Bernoulli’s equation, 5.4 Modulus of rupture, section modulus, 5.5 Flexural rigidity, 5.6 Expression for horizontal shear stress in beam, 5.7 Shear stress diagram for rectangular, symmetrical ‘I’ and ‘T’ section (Flitched beams not included). [6 Hours]

UNIT 6: Deflection of beams
6.1 Introduction – Definitions of slope, deflection, 6.2 Elastic curvederivation of differential equation of flexture, 6.3 Sign convention 6.4 Slope and deflection for standard loading classes using Macaulay’s method for 6 prismatic beams and overhanging beams subjected to point loads, UDL and Couple. [6 Hours]

UNIT 7: Torsion of circular shafts
7.1 Introduction – Pure torsion-torsion equation of circular shafts, 7.2 Strength and stiffness, 7.3 Torsional rigidity and polar modulus, 7.4 Power transmitted by shaft of solid and hollow circular sections. [6 Hours]

UNIT 8: Elastic stability of columns
8.1 Introduction – Short and long columns, 8.2 Euler’s theory on columns, 8.3 Effective length slenderness ration, 8.4 radius of gyration, buckling load, 8.5 Assumptions, derivations of Euler’s Buckling load for different end conditions, 8.6 Limitations of Euler’s theory, 8.7 Rankine’s formula and problems. [6 Hours]

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Strength of Materials, Subramanyam, Oxford University Press, Edition 2008
  • 2. Mechanics of Materials, B.C Punmia Ashok Jain, Arun Jain, Lakshmi Publications, New Delhi.
  • 3. Strength of Materials, Basavarajaiah and Mahadevappa Universities Press (2009).

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Strength of Materials, Singer Harper and Row Publications.
  • 2. Elements of Strength of Materials, Timoshenko and Young Affliated East-West Press.
  • 3. Mechanics of Materials, James M. Gere (5th Edition), Thomson Learning.

APPLIED ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
Sub Code : 10 CV-36

IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A [Refer PDF File for proper formate]

Unit: 1 – INTRODUCTION:
Geology and its role in the field of civil engineering. Earth: Its internal structure and composition. – 2 hours
MINERALOGY: Description and identification of Rock forming minerals and Ores, based on physical and special properties;
Quartz and its varieties; Feldspar group; Mica group; carbonate group; Hornblende, Augite, Olivine, Asbestos, Kaolin, Talc, Gypsum, Garnet, Corundum. Magnetite, Hematite, Limonite, Pyrite, Chalcopyrite, Pyrolusite, Psilomalane,
Chromite, Galena, Bauxite. – 6 hours
Unit: 2- PETROLOGY:
Rocks as fundamental units and building materials of the earth crust and their engineering applications: As building stones, road metals and stones for decoration, pavement, cladding, roofing, flooring, concreting and foundation engineering.
Igneous rocks: Origin, classification (chemical and textural), mode of occurrence; Identification and description of Granite, Syenite, Diorite, Gabbro, Dunite; Pegmatite, Porphiries, Dolerite; Rhyolite, Basalt and Pumice.
Sedimentary rocks: Origin, classification, primary structures and description of Sandstones, Conglomerate, Breccia, Shale, Limestones and Laterite. Metamorphic rocks: Kinds of metamorphism, description of Gneiss, Quartzite, Marble, Slate, Phyllite and Schists. – 6 hours

Unit: 3-GEOMORPHOLOGY:
Epigene and Hypgene geological agents; rock weathering and its types; Soil formation, types, erosion and remedial measures; Geological action of rivers with different drainage patterns; Geological action of wind. – 5 hours

Unit: 4-GEODYNAMICS:
Earthquakes- seismic waves, seismograph, causes, effects, seismic zones, shield areas and seismic resisting structures. Coastal zones, coastal landforms, continental shelf, continental rise, continental slope, abyssal plain, mid-oceanic ridges, trenches, tsunamis. Land slides; causes, effects and remedial measures – 5 hours

PART B

Unit: 5- ROCK MECHANICS:
Stress, strain and deformational effects on different rocks; Out crop, Dip, strike and escarpment, Clinometer-compass- Joints, faults, folds and unconformities their effects on civil engineering structures. – 6 hours

Unit:6- ENGINEERING GEOLOGY:
Geotechnical investigations for civil engineering projects: Study of toposheets and geological maps, importance of lithological and structural features studies for the construction of Dams, Reservoirs, Tunnels, Bridges and Highways – 6 hours

Unit: 7-HYDROGEOLOGY:
Hydrological cycle; distribution of ground water in the earth crust; properties of water bearing geological formation: Aquifers and their types; selection of sites for well locations and spacing of wells; geological, hydrological and geophysical (electrical resistivity) investigations for ground water exploration; artificial recharge of groundwater methods and rain water harvesting. Sea water intrusion and remedial measures. – 9 hours

Unit:8- GEOMATICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY:
Introduction to remote sensing (RS), geographical information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS); land sate imageries, stereoscopes and their applications in civil engineering. Impact of quarrying, mining and dams on Environment. Quality of ground water in different geological terrain. – 7 hours

QUESTION PAPER PATTERN:

  • Question paper shall be consisting of eight full questions, selecting four from each part.
  • The student has to answer any five, selecting at least two from each part.
  • Each question carry 20 marks.

References books:
1. Text book of Geology by P.K. Mukerjee, World Press Pvt. Ltd. Kolkatta.
1. Foundations of Engineering Geology,by Tony Waltham (3rd Ed.) Universities Press.
2. Structural Geology (3rd Ed.)by M. P. Billings, Published by Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi
3. Text of Engineering and General Geology by Parbin Singh, Published by S. K. Kataria and Sons, New Delhi.
4. Rock Mechanics for Engineers by Dr B.P.Verma, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.
5. Engineering Geology for Civil Engineering by D. Venkata Reddy, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi.
6. Ground water geology by Todd D.K. John Wiley and Sons New York.
7. Remote sensing Geology by Ravi P Gupta, Springer Verilag, New York.
8. Physical Geology by Arthur Holmes, Thomson Nelson and Sons, London.
9. Environmental Geology by K. S. Valdiya, Tata Mc Graw Hills.
10. A text book of Engineering Geology by Chenna Kesavulu, Mac Millan India Ltd.
11. Remote sensing and GIS by M.Anji Reddy.
12. Ground water assessment, development and management by K.R.Karanth, Tata Mc Graw Hills

BASIC MATERIAL TESTING LAB
(COMMON TO CV/TR)

Sub Code : 10 CVL 37
IA Marks : 25

Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 50

  • 1. Tension test on Mild steel and HYSD bars.
  • 2. Compression test of Mild Steel, Cast iron and Wood.
  • 3. Torsion test on Mild Steel circular sections
  • 4. Bending Test on Wood Under two point loading
  • 5. Shear Test on Mild steel.
  • 6. Impact test on Mild Steel (Charpy & Izod)
  • 7. Hardness tests on ferrous and non-ferrous metals – Brinell’s, Rockwell and Vicker’s
  • 8. Test on Bricks and Tiles
  • 9. Tests on Fine aggregates – Moisture content, Specific gravity, Bulk density, Sieve analysis and Bulking
  • 10. Tests on Coarse aggregates – Absorption, Moisture content, specific gravity, Bulk density and Sieve analysis
  • 11. Demonstration of Strain gauges and Strain indicators

NOTE: All tests to be carried out as per relevant BIS Codes

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Testing of Engineering Materials, Davis, Troxell and Hawk, International Student Edition – McGraw Hill Book Co. New Delhi.
  • 2. Mechanical Testing of Materials”, Fenner, George Newnes Ltd. London.
  • 3. “Experimental Strength of Materials”, Holes K A, English Universities Press Ltd. London.
  • 4. “Testing of Metallic Materials”, Suryanarayana A K, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
  • 5. Relevant IS Codes
  • 6. “Material Testing Laboratory Manual”, Kukreja C B- Kishore K. Ravi Chawla Standard Publishers & Distributors 1996.
  • 7. Concrete Manual, M.L.Gambhir –Dhanpat Rai & Sons- New Delhi.

Scheme of Examination:

Group Experiments: Tension, Compression Torsion and Bending Tests

Individual Experiments: Remaining tests
Two questions are to be set – one from group experiments and the other as individual experiment.

SURVEYING PRACTICE – I
(COMMON TO CV/TR/EV/CTM)

Sub Code : 10 CVL 38
IA Marks : 25
Exam Hours : 03 hours
Exam Marks : 50

Exercise – 1
a) To measure distance between two points using direct ranging
b) To set out perpendiculars at various points on given line using cross staff, optical square and tape.
Exercise – 2
Setting out of rectangle, hexagon using tape/chain and other accessories
Exercise – 3
Measurement of bearing of the sides of a closed traverse & adjustment of closing error by Bowdich method and Transit method
Exercise – 4
To set out rectangles, pentagon, hexagon, using tape /chain and compass.
Exercise – 5
To determine the distance between two inaccessible points using chain/tape & compass.
Exercise – 6
To locate points using radiation and intersection method of plane tabling
Exercise – 7
To solve 3-point problem in plane tabling using Bessel’s graphical solution
Exercise –8
To determine difference in elevation between two points using fly leveling technique & to conduct fly back leveling. Booking of levels using both HI and Rise & Fall methods.
Exercise – 9
To determine difference in elevation between two points using reciprocal leveling and to determine the collimation error
Exercise – 10
To conduct profile leveling for water supply /sewage line and to draw the longitudinal section to determine the depth of cut and depth of filling for a given formation level.
Demonstration Minor instruments – Clinometer, Ceylon ghat tracer, Hand level, Box sextant, Planimeter and Pantagraph.

Scheme of Examination:

Any one of the above exercise is to be conducted in the examination by the student.

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. ‘Surveying’ Vol.–1, B.C. Punmia , Laxmi Publications, New Delhi.
  • 2. “Plane Surveying’ Vol-1-A.M. Chandra , Newage International ® Ltd.
  • 3. ‘Plane Surveying’ – ALAK , S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi.

REFERENCE BOOKS :

  • 1. Fundamentals of Surveying – S.K. Roy – Prentice Hall of India.
  • 2. Fundamentals of Surveying – Milton O. Schimidt – Wong, Thomson Learning.
  • 4. Surveying Vol. I, S.K. Duggal

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