VTU Bio Medical Engineering 5th Semester Syllabus |2010 Scheme

Download VTU BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Scheme 2010 Soft Copy

Download VTU BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Syllabus 2010 Soft Copy

Bio Medical Engineering 5th Semester Syllabus

MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Subject Code : 10AL51

IA Marks : 25
Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A
MANAGEMENT

UNIT 1
MANAGEMENT: Introduction: meaning-nature and characteristics of management, scope and functional areas of management-management as a science, art or profession-management and administration-Roles of management, Levels of management, Development of management Thoughtearly management approaches-Modern management approaches.
7 Hours

UNIT 2
PLANNING: Nature, importance and purpose of planning processobjectives- types of plans (meaning only)-design making-importance of planning-steps in planning and planning premises-hierarchy of plans.
6 Hours

UNIT 3
ORGANIZING AND STAFFING: Nature and purpose of organization- Principles of organization-Types of organization, departmentation, committees, Centralization Vs Decentralization of authority and responsibility-span and control-MBO and MBE (meaning) Nature and importance of staffing-process of selection and recruitment (in brief).
6 Hours

UNIT 4
DIRECTING AND CONTROLLING: Meaning and nature of directingleadership styles, motivation theories, communication -meaning and importance-coordination, meaning and importance and techniques of Coordination. Meaning and steps in controlling-Essentials of sound control system-Methods of establishing control (in brief).
7 Hours

PART – B
ENTREPRENEURSHIP

UNIT 5
ENTREPRENEUR: Meaning of entrepreneur, Evolution of the concept, Functions of an entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneur-an emerging class. Concept of Entrepreneurship-Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship; Stages in entrepreneurial process; Role of entrepreneurs in Economic Development; Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship-its Barriers.
6 Hours

UNIT 6
SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY: Definition: Characteristics; Need and rationale: Objectives; scope; role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI, Steps to start an SSI-government policy towards SSI; Different policies of SSI; government support for SSI during 5years plans. Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on SSI, Effect of WTO/GATT supporting agencies of Government for SSI, meaning; Nature of support; Objectives; Functions; Types of help; Ancillary Industry and Tiny Industry (Definition).
7 Hours

UNIT 7
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT: Different Schemes; TECKSOK; KIADB; KSSIDC; KSIMC; DIC single window Agency: SISI; NSIC; SIDBI; KSFC.
6 Hours

UNIT 8:
PREPARATION OF PROJECT: Meaning of project: Project Identification; Project selection; project Report; Need and significance of Report; contents; formulation; Guidelines by planning Commission for project report; Network Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal. Identification of business opportunities. Market Feasibility Study; Technical feasibility study; Financial Feasibility Study and social Feasibility Study.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT- P.C.Tripathi, P.N.Reddy, Tata McGraw Hill.
  • 2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management-Vasant Desai, Himalaya Publishing House.
  • 3. Entrepreneurship Development-Small Business Enterprises – Poornima M Charantimath-Pearson Education-2006.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Manage Fundamentals-Concepts, Application, Skill Development – Robert Lusier, Thomson.
  • 2. Entrepreneurship Development – SS Khanka, S Chand &Co.
  • 3. Management – Stephen Robbins, Pearson Education, PHI-17th Edition, 2003.

8086 MICROPROCESSOR & PERIPHERALS
Subject Code : 10BM52

IA Marks : 25
Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART- A

UNIT – 1
THE PROCESSORS: 8086 / 8088: Register Organization of 8086, Architecture, Signal Descriptions of 8086, Physical Memory Organization, General Bus Operation, I/O addressing Capability, Special Processors Activities, Minimum Mode 8086 System and Timings, Maximum Mode 8086 System and Timings, The Processors 8088.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2 & 3
8086 / 8088 INSTRUCTION SET AND ASSEMBLER DIRECTIVES AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING: Machine Language Instruction Formats, Addressing Modes of 8086, Instruction Set of 8086, Assembler Directives and Operators, A Few Machine Level Programs, Programming with An Assembler, Assembly Language Example Programs.
12 Hours

UNIT – 4
SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES AND RELATED PROGRAMMING: Introduction to Stack, STACK Structure of 8086 / 8088, Interrupts and Interrupts Service Routines, Interrupt Cycle of 8086 / 8088, Non Mask able Interrupt, Mask able Interrupt (INTR), Interrupt Programming, MACROS and Timing and Delays.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
PERIPHERALS AND THEIR INTERFACING WITH 8086 / 8088: Semiconductor Memory Interfacing, Dynamic RAM Interfacing, Interfacing I/O Ports, PIO 8255 [Programmable Input – Output Port], Modes of Operation of 8255, Interfacing Analog to Digital Data Converters, Interfacing Digital to Analog Data Converters, Stepper Motor Interfacing, Control of High Power Devices Using 8255.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6 & 7
SPECIAL PURPOSE PROGRAMMABLE PERIPHERAL DEVICES AND THEIR INTERFACING: Programmable Interval Timer 8253, Programmable Interrupt Controller 8259A, The Keyboard / Display Controller 8279, Programmable Communication Interface 8251 USART, DMA Controller, DMA Transfer and Operations, Programmable DMA Interface.
13 Hours

UNIT – 8
INTRODUCTION TO 80286 MICROPROCESSOR: Salient Features of 80286, internal architecture of 80286, Signal description of 80286, real addressing mode, protected virtual address mode.
6 Hours

TEXTBOOK:

  • Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals – A.K.Ray and K.M. Bhurchandi, Tata McGraw Hill, 3rd Reprint, 2007.

REFERENCE BOOK

  • Microprocessor and Interfacing – by Douglas V. Hall, 2nd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill, 21st Reprint, 2004.

SIGNALS & SYSTEMS
Subject Code : 10BM53

IA Marks : 25
Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART- A

UNIT 1:
Introduction: Definitions of a signal and a system, classification of signals, basic Operations on signals, elementary signals, Systems viewed as Interconnections of operations, properties of systems. 7 Hours

UNIT 2:
Time-domain representations for LTI systems – 1: Convolution, impulse response representation, Convolution Sum, properties of impulse response representation. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:
Time-domain representations for LTI systems – 2: Differential and difference equation Representations, Block diagram representations, autocorrelation and cross-correlation.
6 Hours

UNIT 4:
Fourier representation for signals : Introduction, continuous time and Discrete time Fourier series (properties are excluded), Continuous Fourier transforms (properties of transforms are excluded), Discrete Fourier transforms and their properties 7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT 5:
Applications of Fourier representations: Introduction, Frequency response of LTI systems, Fourier transform representation of periodic signals, Fourier transform representation of discrete time signals. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:
Z-Transforms – 1: Introduction, Z – transform, properties of ROC, properties of Z – transforms, inversion of Z – transforms. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:
Z-transforms – 2: Transform analysis of LTI Systems, unilateral ZTransform and its application to solve difference equations.
6 Hours

UNIT 8:
Realization of digital system: Basic Structures for IIR system : Direct forms (I & II), cascade and parallel realizations. Basic structures for FIR system – Direct & cascade form structure.
6 Hours

TEXTBOOK:

  • 1.“Signals and Systems”, Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen John Wiley & Sons, 2001.Reprint 2002.
  • 2. Real Time Digital Signal Processing: Fundamentals, Algorithms and implementation using TMS Processor-V.Udayashankara, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2010

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. “Signals and Systems” , Alan V Oppenheim, Alan S, Willsky and A Hamid Nawab, Pearson Education Asia / PHI, 2nd edition, 1997. Indian Reprint 2002.
  • 2. “Signals and Systems”, Scham’s outlines, H. P Hsu, R. Ranjan, TMH, 2006.
  • 3. “Linear Systems and Signals”, B. P. Lathi, Oxford University Press, 2005.
  • 4. “Signals and Systems”, Ganesh Rao and Satish Tunga, Sanguine Technical Publishers, 2004.

Question Paper Pattern:

Student should answer FIVE full questions out of 8 questions to be set each carrying 20 marks, selecting at least TWO questions from each part

VLSI DESIGN
Subject Code : 10BM54

IA Marks : 25
Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART- A

UNIT 1
A REVIEW OF MICROELECTRONICS AN INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY: Introduction to integrated circuit technology. The integrated circuit (IC) era, Metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) and related VLSI technology. Basic MOS transistors. Enhancement mode transistor action. Depletion mode transistor action, nMOS fabrication CMOS fabrication. Thermal aspects of processing. BICMOS technology.
7 Hours

UNIT 2 & 3
BASIC ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF MOS & BICMOS CIRCUITS: Drain-to-source current lds versus voltage Vds relationships. Aspects of MOS transistor threshold voltage Vt. MOS transistor transconductance gm and output conductance gds. MOS transistor figure of merit w0. The pass transistor. The nMOS inverter. Determination of pull-up to pull-down ratio (zp.u zp.d) for an nMOS inverter, driven by another nMOS inverter. Pull-up to pull-down ratio for an nMOS inverter driven through one or more pass transistors. Alternative forms of pull-up. The CMOS inverter MOS transistor circuit model, some characteristics of npn bipolar transistors, Latch-up in CMOS circuits. BICMOS latch-up susceptibility.
12 Hours

UNIT 4
MOS & BICMOS CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSES: MOS layers. Stick diagrams. Design rules and layout General observations on the design rules. 2μm double metal. double poly. CMOS BIC CMOS rules 1.2μm double metal. single poly. CMOS rules, layout diagrams – a brief introduction. Symbolic diagram translation to mask form.
7 Hours

PART-B

UNIT 5
BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS: Sheet resistance Rs, sheet resistance concept applied to MOS transistors and inverters. Area capacitances of layers. Standard unit of capacitance ZCg some area capacitance calculation. The delay unit t inverter delays. Driving large capacitive loads, propagation delays, wiring capacitance. Choice of layers.
7 Hours

UNIT 6
SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS: Scaling models and scaling factors. Scaling factors for device parameters. Some discussion on and limitations of scaling.
SUBSYSTEM DESIGN & LAYOUT: Some architectural issues. Switch logic, Gate (restoring) logic, Examples of structured design (combinational logic).
6 Hours

UNIT 7
SUBSYSTEM DESIGN PROCESSES: Some general considerations. An illustration of design processes. ILLUSTRATION OF THE DESIGN PROCESS COMPUTATIONAL ELEMENTS: Some observations on the design process, regularity, Design of an ALU subsystem.
7 Hours

UNIT 8
PRACTICAL ASPECTS & TEST ABILITY: Some thoughts on performance, further thoughts on floor plans / layout, input / output pads, further thoughts on system delays. Ground rules for successful design. CAD tools for design and simulation, aspects of design tools, test and testability.
6 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Basic VLSI Design- Douglas A. Pucknell Kamran Eshraghian, 3rd Edition, 14th Indian Reprint, PHI.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Introduction to VLSI Systems- Mead & Conway, Addison Wesley, 1980.
  • 2. VLSI Engineering – Thomas Dillinger, 1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 1998.
  • 3. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design. A System Perspective – N.Weste, K.Weste, K. Eshraghian, 2nd Edition, 4th Indian Reprint, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 2000.
  • 4. Modern VLSI Design – Systems on Silicon – Wayne Wolf, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education Asia, 2003.

CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION – I
Subject Code : 10BM55

IA Marks : 25
Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART- A
CARDIOLOGY

UNIT 1
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM: Review of Heart Structure & Function, Conduction System of the heart, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Characteristics of the normal ECG, Cardiac arrhythmias and their electrocardiographic interpretation- Abnormal sinus rhythms, Abnormal rhythms by impulse conduction blocks, Premature contractions, Ventricular & Atrial fibrillation, Cardiac arrest. 6 Hours

UNIT 2
ELECTROCARDIOGRAPH: Electrocardiograph, Vectorcardiograph, Heart sounds, Abnormal heart sounds, Phonocardiograph, Stress test, & Holter monitor, cardiac cath lab. 7 Hours

UNIT 3
CARDIAC PACEMAKERS: Need, Types, External, Implantable Pacemakers-Types, Ventricular synchronous demand pacemaker, Programmable pacemaker, Rate-responsive pacemakers, Power sources, Leads & electrodes and their problems, Pacing system analyzers. Defibrillators- Need, DC defibrillator, Electrodes, DC defibrillator with synchronizer, Automatic external defibrillator, Implantable defibrillator, Defibrillator analyzer. 7 Hours

UNIT 4
Echocardiography, Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump, CVP & Swan Ganz catheter, Open Heart Surgery & Bypass Surgery, Angioplasty, Cardiac stents, Bedside patient monitoring system, Abdominal foetal electrocardiogram, Foetal phonocardiogram. 6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Textbook of Medical Physiology – by Guyton & Hall, 10th Edition, Reed Elsvier Pvt., Ltd., 2006.
  • 2. Hand book of Biomedical Instrumentation – by R. S. Khandpur, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.

PART- B
OPHTHALMOLOGY & ENT

UNIT 5
EYE: Anatomy and physiology of human eye, Aqueous humor secretion & drainage, Anatomy of Normal Fundus, Study of Different Refractive Errors & their optical correction, Vision Testing Equipment – Snellen’s Chart & ita applications, Keratometer- Principle, Types and procedure, Refractometer- Types & Procedure, Retinoscope- Principle, Procedure & Types. Ophthalmoscopy-Direct & Indirect.
7 Hours

UNIT 6
TECHNIQUES OF OCULAR EXAMINATION: Loupe & Lens Examination, Slit-Lamp Examination, Gonioscopy, EQUIPMENT USED TO MEASURE IOP: Tonometry & its Different types, Fundus Fluorescein Angiography. METHODS OF ESTIMATING VISUAL FIELDS: Peripheral Field Charting, Central Field Charting, Strabismus & Nystagmus. Examination using various tests & Treatment: Cover – uncover test, Maddox rod test, Maddox wing test, Hess chart 6 Hours

UNIT 7
SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT: Used in treatment: Lasers in Ophthalmology, Cryotherapy in Ophthalmology, Vitrectomy, Vitreous Liquefaction, Vitreous Opacities, Vitreous Haemorrhage, Vitrectomy – Open Sky, Pars Plana, Contact Lenses, Cataract & Surgical Techniques for Cataract Extraction, Glaucoma & Surgical Procedure for Glaucoma
6 Hours

UNIT 8
EAR: Anatomy & physiology of ear, mechanics of hearing & equilibrium/balance, Hearing Loss-types & causes, Audiometer-Principle Assessment of hearing, Types-pure tone audiometer, speech audiometer, impedance audiometer, Characteristics & use of hearing Aids, cochlear implants, electronystagmography. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Ophthalmology – by A.K. Khurana, 3rd Edition, New Age International Pub.
  • 2. Theory and Practice of Optics and Refraction by A.K. Khurana, 2nd Edition, Elsevier India, 2008.
  • 3. Parson’s Diseases of Eye- by Ramanjit Sihota & Radhika Tandon, 20th Edition, Elsevier India, 2007.
  • 4. Handbook of Clinical Audiology – by Jack Katz, 4th Edition, Lippincott Wilkins Pub., 2002.
  • 5. A short textbook on E.N.T. Diseases – by K.B.Bhargav, S.K.Bhargava & T.M.Shah, 6th Edition, Usha Publications, 2002.

REFERENCE BOOK:

  • 1. Hand book of Biomedical Instrumentation – by R. S. Khandpur, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.

BIOMEDICAL EQUIPMENTS
Subject Code : 10BM56

IA Marks : 25
No of Lecture Hours/week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART- A

UNIT 1
RESPIRATORY MONITORS & APNEA ALARMS: Disease states requiring artificial respiratory therapy, Respiratory impedance plethysmography, Pneumotachometers, Measurement of Volume, Pulmonary Function Analyzers, Respiratory Gas Analyzers, Alarm Circuits. 6 Hours

UNIT 2 & 3
PATIENT MONITORING SYSTEMS, ICU/CCU/LABOUR & NEONATAL ICU: Special care units, ICU/CCU Equipments, Bed side patient monitoring systems-multiparameters, Measurement of Heart rate & Pulse rate, Recording system, Oximeters: Principle, Intravascular Oximeter. Cardiotacograph, Methods of Monitoring Foetal Heart Rate, Monitoring Labour Activity, Baby Incubator.
ELECTRO SURGERY MACHINES: Principle of Surgical Diathermy, Surgical Diathermy Machine, Safety Aspects in Electro- Surgical Units, Surgical Diathermy Analyzers, RF Power Generators for Electro surgery, Measuring RF Power Output from the ESM, Testing Electro-surgery units (Dummy Loads).
14 Hours

UNIT 4
THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENT: Lithotripsy- The Stone Disease Problem, First lithotripter machine, Modern lithotripter systems, Extra- corporeal Shock- wave Therapy, Radiotherapy equipment: use of HV X-Ray Machines, Development of betatron, Cobalt-60 machine, Medical Linear Accelerator machine. 6 Hours

PART- B

UNIT 5
PHYSIOTHERAPY & ELECTROTHERAPY EQUIPMENT: High Frequency Heat Therapy, Short Wave Diathermy, Microwave Diathermy, Ultrasonic Therapy Unit, Electro diagnostic / therapeutic apparatus, pain relief through electrical stimulation, Bladder stimulators, neuro stimulators. 7 Hours

UNIT 6
BLOOD CELL COUNTERS: Types of blood cells, calculation of size of cells, Methods of cell counting, Coulter counters, Automatic recognition & differential counting of cells. AUTOMATED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS: Infusion pumps, Components of drug infusion pumps, Implantable infusion systems, Closedloop control in infusion systems, Programmable controlled insulin-dosing device. 7 Hours

UNIT 7
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE TO MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT: Types & Sources of EMI, EMI effects, dealing with signal overload problems, EMI to biomedical sensors, Internode Problems, Some Solutions, Dealing with TVI/ BCI, Medical Equipment & EMI. 6 Hours

UNIT 8
ELECTRICAL SAFETY: Physiological Effects of Electricity, Importance susceptibility parameters, Distribution of Electric power, Macro shock hazards, Microshock hazards, Electrical -Safety codes & standards, Basic approaches to protection against shock, Protection: Power distribution, Protection: Equipment design, Electrical-Safety Analyzers, Testing electric system, Tests of Electric Appliances, Problems. 6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Biomedical Equipment- Use, Maintenance & Management – Joseph J. Carr, Prentice Hall, 1991.
  • 2. Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology-J. J. Carr, 4th Edition, 7th Indian Reprint, Pearson Education, 2004.
  • 3. Medical Instrumentation Application & Design- John G. Webster, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons/Wiley Student Edition, 2001.
  • 4. Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation- R S Khandpur, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003

8086 MICROPROCESSOR LAB
Subject Code : 10BML57

IA Marks : 25
No of Practical Hrs/week : 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total No of Practical Hrs : 42 Exam Marks : 50

PART – A
PROGRAMMING

1. ALP for addition of two BCD numbers(16 bit,32 bit)
2. ALP for subtraction of two BCD numbers(16 bit, 32 bit).
3. ALP for multiplication and division of two numbers (16 bit, 32 bit)
4. ALP to sort a set unsigned integer numbers in ascending/descending order using different algorithm.
5. ALP to find the G.C.D. & LCM of two unsigned integers.
6. ALP to find the sum & average of unsigned integers.
7. Develop and execute ALP that implements Binary search algorithm.
8. Develop and execute an ALP to compute factorial of a positive integer number using recursive procedure.
8. ALP for conversion of 16 bit
(i) BCD to HEX (ii) HEX to BCD numbers (iii) BCD number to 7- segment
(iv) BCD to ASCII (v) ASCII to BCD (vi) HEX to ASCII (vii) ASCII to HEX
9. ALP to copy the string of successive memory locations from one memory to other with and without using string instructions.
10. ALP tp check whether the given string is palindrome or not
11. ALP to find the number of ones in a given block of data.
12. ALP to separate the odd and even numbers in a block of data.

PART B
INTERFACING

1. Generate a square wave on PC0 pin of 8255 in the add-on-card.
2. Generate different waveforms Sine, Square, Triangle, Ramp, etc using DAC interface.
3. Seven segment display interface.
4. Stepper motor interface
5. 8-bit ADC interface
6. Matrix keypad interface/ simulation of calculator.
7. Implement a programmable 4-bit binary/decade counter using the I/O lines in the Add-on-card
8. Using the 8255 in the Add-on-card realize an 8 to1 multiplexer.

CLINICAL INSTRUMENTATION LABORATORY – I
Subject Code : 10BML58

IA Marks : 25
No of Practical Hrs/week : 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total No of Practical Hrs : 42 Exam Marks : 50

1. Measurement of Op-amp parameters (I/P Offset current, I/P bias current, Slew rate, I/P offset Voltage, PSRR, CMRR & offset nulling.
2. Inverting amplifier & attenuator, non-inverting amplifier& voltage follower.
3. Adder, substractor, integrator, differentiator.
4. Half wave & full wave precision rectifiers, Schmitt trigger.
5. Design of Active band pass & notch filters.
6. Astable & Monostable Multivibrators using Op-amp.
7. Instrumentation amplifier- Design for Different gains.
8. Design of Astable and Monostable Multivibrator using 555 timer..
9. Plot the characteristics of following transducers
(a) Thermistor (b) LVDT (c) LDR
10. Measurement of blood pressure using sphygmomanometer & stethoscope and digital BP meter.
11. Measurement of strain using strain gauge for (i) Quarter bridge (ii) Half bridge (iii) Full bridge
12. Measurement of body temperature using AD590 / LM34

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