### Download Soft Copy Of VTU Chemical Engineering 7th Semester Scheme 2010

### Download Soft Copy Of VTU Chemical Engineering 7th Semester Syllabus 2010

### CHEMICAL PROCESS INTEGRATION

Subject Code : 10CH71

IA Marks : 25

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction to Process Integration: Graphical Techniques. Overall mass targeting. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Synthesis of Mass Exchange Network: . Graphical approach. Direct recycle strategies.7Hours

UNIT 3:

Visualisation Strategies: for development of mass integrated system. Algebraic approach to targeting direct recycles. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Algebraic Approach: to targeting mass exchange. Network. Recycle strategies using property integration. 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Heat Integration: Combined heat and power integration. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:

Optimization: Mathematical approach to direct recycle. Graphical method, simplex method, single variable optimization, multivariable optimization. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:

Mathematical Techniques: for synthesis of mass & heat exchange excluding Lingo optimization techniques. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:

Mathematical Techniques: for mass integration. Initiatives and applications. Case studies. 7 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Chemical Process Design & Integration, Robin Smith, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2005.
- 2. Pinch Analysis and Process Integration – A user guide on process integration for efficient use of energy, Kemp I.C, 2nd Edition, Butterworth, Heinneman, 2006.
- 3. Process Integration – Mahmoud. M., El – Hawalgi, Vol. 7, Academic Press, 2006.

### INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL

Subject Code : 10CH72

IA Marks : 25

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Instrumentation: Fundamentals Static and dynamic characteristics. Indicators and recorders. Pressure measurement- Bourdon, diaphragm and bellow type gages. Vacuum measurements. Temperature measurement- Bimetal and resistance thermometers, thermocouples and pyrometers. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

First Order Systems: Thermometer, level, mixing tank, STR, Linearisation, I order systems in series. Response for various input forcing functions. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Second Order Systems: Characteristics of manometer and damped vibrator. Transfer functions. Response for various input forcing functions, response for step input for under damped case – Terms associated with it. Transportation lag. 7 Hours

UNIT 4:

Closed Loop System: Basic components. Servo and regulator control. Controllers – P, I, D and On –Off modes. Controller combinations – Final control elements – Valves, actuators and valve positioners. 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Closed Loop Response: Block diagram, Closed loop transfer function, Transient response of servo and regulator control systems with various controller modes and their characteristics. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:

Stability: Stability of linear control systems. Routh Test. Frequency Response – Bode diagrams. 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Control System Design By Frequency Response: Bode criterion. Gain and Phase margins. Ziegler – Nichols controller tuning, Cohen-Coon controller tuning. 7 Hours

UNIT 8:

Root Locus: Rules for plotting and problems. 6 Hours

**Textbook:**

- 1. Process System Analysis and Control, Coughner & Koppel, II Edition, McGraw Hill, New Delhi,1991.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Process Modelling, Simulation & Control for Chemical Engineers, Luyben, II Edition, McGraw Hill, 1990.
- 2. Chemical Engineering Vol. III, III Edition, Coulson & Richardson, Pergamon Press, 1998.
- 3. Chemical Process Control-An Introduction to Theory & Practical, George Stephanopoules, Vol.3, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1998.

### COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND MODELING

Subject Code : 10CH73

IA Marks : 25

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**Note**: Algorithm and C Program for Cases of Unit 2 to Unit 6

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Review of Computational Methods: Simultaneous linear algebraic equation – Gauss Jordan. Non-linear algebraic equation-Newton Raphson. Ordinary Differential Equation- R-K Method. Numerical Integration-Simpson’s 1/3 Rule. Curve Fitting-Least Squares. 7 Hours

UNIT 2:

Applications: Vapor- Liquid equilibria for binary mixtures. Calculation of Bubble Pressure and Bubble Point. Dew Pressure and Dew point for Ideal Binary and multi-component system. 7 Hours

UNIT 3:

Flash Vaporization: for multi-component system. Design of Adiabatic Batch Reactor. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Design of Adiabatic PFR, Adiabatic CSTR and Combinations. 6 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Design: Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (Area, Length and Pressure drop). Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger (Area, Number of tubes, Pressure drop. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:

Absorption & Distillation Columns: Calculations for Plate and Packed Columns. 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Modeling: Models and model building, principles of model formulations, precautions in model building, Fundamental laws: Review of shell balance approach, continuity equation, energy equation, equation of motion, transport equation of state equilibrium and Kinetics, classification of mathematical models. 7 Hours

UNIT 8:

Mathematical Modeling and Solutions to the Following: Basic tank model – Level V/s time. Batch Distillation – Vapor composition with CSTRs in series time. 7 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Computer based Numerical Analysis, M. Shanthakumar, First Edition, KPS Publisher, 1987.
- 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering and Computer Calculations, Myers, A.L and Seider W.D, Prentice Hall,1976.
- 3. Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineering, William. L Luyben, 2nd Edition., McGraw Hill, 1990.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, H. Scott Fogler, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001.
- 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Smith J. M. and H. C. Vanness, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, 1996.

### BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Code : 10CH74

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction: Bioprocess engineering and technology. Role of a Chemical engineer in bioprocess industry. An introduction to basic biological sciences. Microbiology: Structure of cells: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Classification of micro-organisms. Taxonomy, control of microorganisms – physical and chemical methods. 7 Hours

UNIT 2:

Biochemistry: Chemicals of Life: Lipids, Sugars, Polysaccharides, Amino acids. Vitamins, Biopolymers, Nucleic Acids: RNA, DNA and their derivatives (Structure, Biological function and Importance for life only to be studied). 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Enzymes and Proteins: Detailed structure of proteins and enzymes. Functions. Methods of Production and purification of Enzymes. Nomenclature and Classification of enzymes. Kinetics and mechanism of Enzyme action: Michaelis–Menten and Briggs-Haldane approach. Derivation. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Kinetics of Enzyme Action: Reversible Enzyme. Two-substrate. Multi-complexes enzyme kinetics (Derivation of rate equations). Experimental determination of rate parameters: Batch and continuous flow experiments. Lineweaver–Burk, Eadie-Hofstee and Hanes-Woolf Plots. Batch Kinetics (Integral and Differential methods). 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Enzyme Inhibition: Effect of Inhibitors (Competitive, noncompetitive, uncompetitive, substrate and product inhibitions), Temperature and pH on the rates enzyme catalyzed reactions. Determination of kinetic parameters for various types of inhibitions. Dixon method. Enzyme immobilization: Uses. Methods of enzyme immobilization. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:

Fermentation Technology: Ideal reactors: A review of Batch and Continuous flow reactors for bio kinetic measurements. Microbiological reactors: Operation and maintenance of typical aseptic aerobic fermentation processes. Formulation of medium: Sources of nutrients. Alternate bioreactor configurations. Introduction to sterilization of bioprocess equipment. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:

Growth Kinetics of Microorganisms: Transient growth kinetics (Different phases of batch cultivation). Quantification of growth kinetics: Substrate limited growth, Models with growth inhibitors, Logistic equation, Filamentous cell growth model. Continuous culture: Optimum Dilution rate and washout condition in Ideal Chemostat. Introduction to Fed-batch reactors. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:

Downstream Processing: Strategies and Steps involved in product purification. Methods of Cell disruption, Filtration, Centrifugation, Sedimentation, Chromatography, Freeze drying / lyophilization. Membrane separation Technology: Reverse Osmosis, Ultra filtration, Micro filtration, Dialysis. 6 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, Bailey and Ollis, II Edition, McGraw Hill,1976.
- 2. Bioprocess Engineering, Shuler M. L. and Kargi F., 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Biochemical Engineering, James Lee, Prentice Hall, 1992.
- 2. Biochemical Reactors, Atkinson B, Pion Ltd., London, 1974.
- 3. Industrial Microbiology, Casida, wiley, New York, 1968
- 4. Principles of Fermentation Technology, Stanbury and Whitekar, 2nd Edition, Butterworth- Heinemann An Imprint of Elsevier

### ELECTIVE – II (Group B)

FOOD TECHNOLOGY

Subject Code : 10CH751

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction and Quality Attributes of Food: Function of foods. Food in relation to health. Aim of food science and technology. Quality attributes – Appearance factors, Textural factors, Flavour factors. Visual and objectively measurable attributes. Aroma of foods – introductory ideas, formation, chemistry and analysis. Taste – introductory ideas, formation and chemistry. Additional quality; quality standards, quality control. Introduction to sensory evaluation of foods and beverages. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Formation and Chemistry of Food: Carbohydrates. Proteins. Lipids. Vitamins. Minerals. Water. Biotin. Choline. Phytochemicals. 4 Hours

UNIT 3:

Food Processing and Preservation: Food deterioration – Causes. Aims and objectives of preservation and processing. Unit operations in processing. Different methods of food preservation – low temperature, high temperature, preservatives, osmotic pressure, dehydrations. food irradiation; processing and preservations of milk and dairy, vegetables and fruits, cereals, legumes and nuts, meat and meat products, fats and oils, beverages, sugars, sweeteners, honey and confectionary, salt and spices. 8 Hours

UNIT 4:

Enzymatic and Non-Enzymztic Reactions During Storages: Introduction to enzymes. Nature and function of enzymes. Classification of enzymes. Hydrolases – Esterace, amylases, pectic enzymes. Proteases. Oxidoreductases – phenolases, glucose oxidase, catalose, peroxidase, lipoxygenase, xantine oxidase. Immobilized enzymes. Uses and suggested uses of enzyme in food processing. Non-enzymatic reactions. 8 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Food Additives: Introduction and need for food additives. Types of additives – antioxidants, chelating agents, coloring agents, curing agents, emulsions, flavors and flavor enhancers, flavor improvers, humectants and anti choking agents, leavening agents, nutrient supplements, nonnutritive sweeteners, pH control agents. Preservatives – types and applications. Stabilizers and thickeners, other additives. Additives and food safety. 8 Hours

UNIT 6:

Food Contamination and Adulteration: Types of adulterants and contaminants. Intentional adulterants. Metallic contamination. Incidental adulterants. Nature and effects. Food laws and standards. 8 Hours

UNIT 7:

Environmental Concerns And Food Safety: Water in food production. Properties and requirements of processing water. Environmental concerns – solid waste disposal, wastewater properties, wastewater treatment. Safety hazards and risks. Food related hazards. Processing and handling. Cleaning and sanitizing. 5 Hours

UNIT 8:

Modern Trends In Food Science: Biotechnology in food. Biofortification. Nutraceuticals. Organic foods. Low cost nutrient supplements. Packaging of foods and nutrition labelin. Careers in food science and food industries. 5 Hours

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Food Science, B. Srilakshmi, 4th Edn, New Age International, 2007.
- 2. Foods: Facts and Principles, N. Shakuntala Manay and M. Shadaksharamurthy, New Age Publishers, 2005.
- 3. Introduction to Food Science, Rick Parker, Thomsan Detmer, 2001.
- 4. Food Processing and Preservation, G. Subbulakshmi and Shobha A. Udupi, New Age International, 2001.
- 5. Food Science, Norman N. Potter and Joseph H. Hotchkin,1st Edition, Avi Publishing Co, 1968.
- 6. Principles of Food Chemistry, John M DeMan, 3rd Edition, Springer,1999.

### MULTICOMPONENT DISTILLATION

Subject Code : 10CH752

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction: Phase Equilibria for Multi component distillation. Thermodynamic relationships for multi component mixture, prediction of phase equilibria. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Phase Equilibria: Use of fugacities and activities. Introduction to the method of convergence characteristics. The Theta method for converging temperature. Profile-Development & application to conventional distillation columns. The 2N Newton-Raphson method- Introduction and the Algorithm. The method of successive approximations. 7 Hours

UNIT 3:

Methods Of Multicomponent Distillation: Azeotropic and extractive distillation processqualitative characteristics and applications. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Phase Behaviour At Constant Pressure: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous azeotropes. 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Reactive Distillation: Distillation accompanied by chemical reaction. Application of the theta method of convergence in reactive method. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:

Reactive Distillation: Formulation of N[r+2] Newton Raphson method. 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Complex Mixture: Determination of minimum number of stages required to effect a specified separation. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:

Complex Mixture: Optimum and economic design of distillation column for the complex

mixtures. 7 Hours

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Fundamentals of multicomponent distillation, C.D. Holland, McGraw Hill, 1997.
- 2. Separation processes, C.J. King, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1980.
- 3. Distillation,Van Winkel, McGraw Hill, 1967.
- 4. Distillation Engineering, R. Billet, Chem. Publ. Co., NY,1979.

### ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY

Subject Code : 10CH753

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction To Theoretical Aspects: Faradays laws, mechanism of conduction in solids, liquids and gases and in ionic melts. Conduction in metals and semiconductors. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Reversible electrodes and potentials, electrode processes and electrode kinetics. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Various types of overpotentials. Polarisation. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Butler-volmer for one electron and mute electron steps. Models of electrical Double layer. 8 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Applied aspects: Potentiometry and ion-selective electrodes. Polaroraphy. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:

Electrode deposition of metals and alloys. 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Primary and Secondary Fuel Cells. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:

Corrosion And Its Prevention: Electro winning. Electro organic and inorganic synthesis (and some typical examples). Environmental electrochemistry. Bio-electro chemistry. 8 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Modern Electrochemistry, J.O.M., Bockris & A.K.N. Reddy, Vol.1 & 2, Plenum, New York 2002.
- 2. Industrial Electrochemical Processes, A. Kuhn, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1971.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Electro Analytical Chemistry, J.J. Lingane, Wiley, New York, 1958.
- 2. Electrochemistry, Principles and Applications, E.C. Potter, Cleaverhume Press, London 1956.
- 3. Organic Electrochemistry, M.M. Baizer, Marcel Dekker, 3rd Edition, New York, 1991.

### INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA AND SURFACE ENGINEERING

Subject Code : 10CH754

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction: Concept of Interface and its formation with examples. Mechanical and Thermodynamic approaches to Interface. Equivalence in the concepts of surface energy and surface tension. Applications. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Excess Pressure: Generalized equation for excess pressure across a curved surface- the equation of Young and Laplace. Pressure jump across cylindrical surface, flat surface. Vapor pressure of a drop Solubility of drops. Ostwald ripening. Capillary condensation. Super saturation. Nucleation. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Measurement of Interfacial Tension: Capillary rise method. Drop weight method, Wilhemy plate method, du Nuoy method. Methods based on shape of static drops or bubbles. Dynamic methods-Flow and capillary waves. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Thermodynamics of Interfaces: Thermodynamic treatment of interfaces. Free energy at interface. Temperature dependence of the surface tension. Effect of pressure on interfacial tension. Effect of curvature on surface tension. Thermodynamics of binary systems-Gibbs Equation. Surface excess concept. Verification of Gibbs equation. Gibbs monolayers. 8 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Wetting Fundamentals and Contact Angles: Work of adhesion, cohesion. Criteria for spreading of liquids. Kinetics of spreading. Lens formation- three phase systems. Young’s equation. Neumann triangle. Theories of equilibrium contact angles. Contact angle hysteresis. 5 Hours

UNIT 6:

Electrical Aspects of Surfaces: The electrical double layer. Stern treatment of electrical double layer. Free energy of a diffused double layer. Repulsion between two plane double layers. Colloidal dispersions. Combined attractive and electrical interaction-DLVO theory. Kinetics of coagulation. 8 Hours

UNIT 7:

Surfactants: Anionic and non ionic. Other phases involving surfactant aggregates. Surface films of insoluble surfactants. Thermodynamics of microemulsions. Phase behaviour of oil-watersurfactant systems. Effect of composition changes. Applications of surfactants-emulsions and detergency. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:

Introduction to Interfaces in Motion: Linear analysis of interfacial stability. Damping of capillary wave motion by insoluble surfactants. Stability and wave motion of thin liquid filmsfoams. Interfacial stability for fluids in motion. 7 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Interfacial Phenomena, Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, C.A. Miller & P. Niyogi, Vol. 17, Marshel Deckder, 1985.
- 2. Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, A.W. Adamson, John Wiley, 5th Edition, 1997.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Surface Activity, Millet J.L., 2nd Edition, Van Nostrad, 1961.
- 2. Surafce Active Chemicals – Garrett H.E., Pergamon Press, 1974.

### ELECTIVE – III (Group C)

APPLIED MATHEMATICS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Subject Code : 10CH761

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Mathematical Formulation of the Physical Problems: Applications of laws of conservation of mass, energy. Statement of the problem. Modeling. Examples and problems. 7 Hours

UNIT 2:

Ordinary Differential Equations: Formulations of ordinary differential equations involving chemical engineering problems. Solutions- Equations of first order and first degree. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Ordinary Differential Equations: Solutions – Equations of first order and second degree. Bernoulli equation. Euler equation. Simultaneous linear differential equations. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Partial Differential Equations: Formulations of partial differential equations involving chemical engineering problems. Solutions. Fourier series. 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Numerical Methods: Solutions of ordinary differential equations for chemical engineering problems. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:

Numerical Methods: Solutions of partial differential equations for chemical engineering problems. . 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Finite Differences: Difference operator, linear difference equations, analysis of stage-wise, Processes. 7 Hours

UNIT 8:

Laplace transforms and their applications to chemical engineering. 7 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Applied Mathematics in Chemical Engineering, H.S. Mickley, T.K. Sherwood and C.E. Reed, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1999.
- 2. Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering, V.G. Jenson & G.V. Jeffreys, Academic Press, London, 1977.
- 3. Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering, S. Pushpavanam, Eastern Economy Edition, 2004.

**Reference Book:**

- 1. Applications of Mathematical Modeling to Process Development and Design, L.M. Rose Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London, 1998.

### SUGAR TECHNOLOGY

Subject Code : 10CH762

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Sugar Industry In India: Chemical and physical properties of sucrose and reducing sugars. Sources for sucrose. Formation of sucrose plants. Non-sugar compounds of sugarcane. Inorganic constituents of sugar cane juices and sugars analytical methods used in sugar industry. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Purification: Chemical technology of the purification process. Fundamental reactions and physical chemistry aspects of clarification, liming, sulphitation and carbonation process.

Filtration of sugar juice. 8 Hours.

UNIT 3:

Evaporation: Evaporation of sugar juice. Heat transfer in evaporations. Evaporation equipment and auxiliaries. 6 Hours

UNIT 4:

Evaporation (Contd..): Methods of obtaining steam, and quality of steam. Steam economy. Chemistry of the evaporation process. 6 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Crystallography: Solubility of sucrose. Nucleation in super saturated solutions – kinetics and growth of crystallization. Chemistry of crystallization. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:

Crystallography: Control methods and equipment in sugar crystallization, technology of sugar crystallization. Evaporation and circulation in vacuum pans. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:

Centrifugation: Theory of the centrifugal process, centrifugal operation. 4 Hours

UNIT 8:

Centrifugation: Engineering principles of sugar centrifugals and the centrifugal equipment and auxiliaries. Production of final molasses and molasses’s utilization. Grading of sugar. 8 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Principles of Sugar Technology, Honing P., Vol. I to III, Elsevier Publishing Company, 1953.
- 2. Introduction to Cane Sugar Technology, Jenkinos.G.H, Elsevier,1966.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Handbook of Cane Sugar Technology, Mathur R.B.L, 2nd Edition, Oxford and I.B.H. Publishing Co.,1997.
- 2. Hand book of Sugars, Pancoast, H.M, and Junk, W.R., 2nd Edition, AVI Publishing Co. Inc., Connecticut, 1981.

### PETROCHEMICALS

Subject Code : 10CH763

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Definition of Petrochemicals: Petrochemical. Industries in India. Principal raw materials. Introduction to chemicals from C1, C2, C3 and C4 compounds. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Chemicals from C1 Compounds: Manufacture of methanol and chloromethanes. Manufacture of perchloro ethylene. 6 Hours

UNIT 3:

Chemicals from C2 Compounds: Ethylene and acetylene, ethanol, polyethylene, ethylene dichloride, acetaldehyde, vinyl chloride, ethylene oxide, ethanol amines, vinyl acetate, acetic acid. 7 Hours

UNIT 4:

Chemical from C3 Compounds: Isopropanol, acetone, lumen (isopropyl benzene), acrylonitrile, isoprene, polypropylene, epichlorohydrin, propylene oxide. 7 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Chemical from C4 Compounds: Butadiene dehydrogenation of butane (Houdry). Dehydrogenation of butylenes. Dehydrogenation-dehydration of ethanol. Steam cracking of

hydrocarbons. 7 Hours

UNIT 6:

Chemicals from Aromatics: Primary raw material. Hydroalkylation. 6 Hours

UNIT 7:

Manufacture of phenol – 5 methods. Styrene – 2 methods. Phthalic anhydride maleic anhydride, nitrobenzene, aniline. 7 Hours

UNIT 8:

Manufacture of industrial dyes based on petroleum feed stocks. 6 Hours

**Text Books:**

- 1. Petrochemicals, B.K. Bhaskar Rao, CRC Press,1990.
- 2. Chemicals from Petroleum, A.L. Waddams, 2nd Edition, ELBS, London, 1970.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Dryden’s Outlines of Chemical Technology, Gopal Rao M and Marshall Sittig, 3rd Edition, East-West Press, 1997.
- 2. Chemical process industries, 5th edition, Shreve and Austin, McGraw Hill, 1984.
- 3. Chemical Technology, G.N. Pandey, 3rd Edition, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., 1977.
- 4. Chemical Technology, Mukhlyonov, Mir Publications, 1982.

### OILS AND FATS

Subject Code : 10CH764

No. of Lecture Hours/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03

Total No. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100

**PART – A**

UNIT 1:

Introduction: Classification of fats and oil. Characteristic of oils. Utilization of fat and oils. Composition of oils (general). 6 Hours

UNIT 2:

Obtaining Oils and Fats from Source Materials: Mechanical pretreatment. Mechanical expression. Solvent extraction (two types of extractors). 7 Hours

UNIT 3:

Process Techniques: Refining and hydrogenation (H2 production and catalyst). 7 Hours

UNIT 4:

Process Techniques (contd.) : Degumming. Alkali refining and bleaching. 6 Hours

**PART – B**

UNIT 5:

Deodorization: Theoretical consideration and operation of commercial deodorizer. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:

Vegetable Oils: Composition. Extraction. Refining processes and uses of coconut oil, cottonseed oil. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:

Vegetable Oils: Refining processes and uses of palm oil, Soya been oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil. 7 Hours

UNIT 8:

Marine Oils: Composition. Extraction. Refining processes and uses of fish oils. 6Hours

**Text Book:**

- 1. Basily Industrial Oil and Fat Products – Vol I to V, Y.H.Hery John Wiley International, 2nd Edition,1976.

**Reference Books:**

- 1. Chemistry and Technology of Oil and Fats, Devine J and Williams P.N, 1961.
- 2. Chemical process Industries, Austin G. T., Shreve’s Fifth Edition, McGraw-Hill international Book Company, Singapore, 1984.
- 3. Outlines of Chemical Technology, Dryden C. E., Edited by Gopala Rao. M and M. Sittig, Second Edition, Affiliated East West Press, 1993.
- 4. Hand Book of Industrial Chemistry, Kent J.A (Ed) Riegel’s Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1974.

### PROCESS CONTROL LABORATORY

Subject Code : 10CHL77

IA Marks : 25

No. of Practical Hours/Week : 03 Exam Hours : 04

Total No. of Hours : 39 Exam Marks : 50

The experiment should be based on the following topics;

1. Thermometer

2. Single tank – Step Response

3. Non Interacting Tanks – Step Response

4. Interacting Tanks – Step Response

5. Pressure Tank

6. U – Tube Manometer

7. Single tank – Impulse Response

8. Non Interacting Tanks – Impulse Response

9. Interacting Tanks – Impulse Response

10. Level/Flow/Pressure/pH/Temperature control – P controller

11. Level/Flow/Pressure/pH/Temperature control – PI controller

12. Level/Flow/Pressure/pH/Temperature control – PD controller

13. Level/Flow/Pressure/pH/Temperature control – PID controller

14. Valve characteristics.

15. Flapper Nozzle System

16. Valve Positioner.

**Note**: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted.

### COMPUTER APPLICATIONS & SIMULATION LABORATORY

Subject Code : 10CHL78

IA Marks : 25

No. of Practical Hours/Week : 03 Exam Hours : 04

Total No. of Hours : 39 Exam Marks : 50

The experiment should be based on the following topics;

**PART – A**

NUMERICAL METHODS AND COMPUTER APPLICATIONS

20 Marks

1. Non-linear algebraic equation- Newton Raphson (Specific volume of binary mixture)

2. Ordinary Differential Equation- R-K Method (dCa/dt=kCa2)

3. Numerical Integration- Simpson’s 1/3 Rule ( Batch Reactor to find time)

4. Curve Fitting-Least Square (Nre vs f)

5. Calculation of Bubble Point and Dew Point for Ideal multi-component system

6. Flash Vaporisation for multi-component system

7. Design of Adiabatic Batch Reactor, PFR

8. Adiabatic Flame Temperature

9. Double pipe heat exchanger (Area, Length and Pressure drop)

10. Distillation Column (Bubble cap)

**PART – B**

SIMULATION

30 Marks

1. Introduction to suggested software available (flow sheeting)

2. Simulations Studies of flash drum, Distillation Column, CSTR, PFR, Heat Exchanger.

3. Simulation Studies of pump, compressor, cyclone, heater.

4. Process simulation study involving mixing, reactor, distillation, heat exchanger for any of the following:

a) Ethylene Glycol from Ethylene oxide

b) Atmospheric distillation of crude oil

c) Propylene Glycol from Propylene oxide

d) Aromatic stripper with recycle stream (Benzene, Toluene, Xylene)

e) Styrene from Ethyl Benzene

SOFTWARES SUGGESTED

1. HYSYS

2. CHEMCAD

3. DESIGN-II

4. PROSIM

5. ASPEN PLUS

**Note**: Minimum of 6 experiments are to be conducted from Part – A and all from Part – B.

**Note**: Project work (10CH85) is to be assigned at the beginning of this semester.