VTU EC 5th Semester Syllabus

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V SEMESTER

MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Subject Code : 10AL51

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

MANAGEMENT (PART – A )

UNIT – 1
MANAGEMENT: Introduction – Meaning – nature and characteristics of Management, Scope and functional areas of Management – Management as a Science, Art or Profession Management & Administration – Roles of Management, Levels of Management, Development of Management Thought-Early Management Approaches-Modern Management Approaches.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
PLANNING: Nature, importance and purpose of planning process – Objectives – Types of plans (Meaning only) – Decision making – Importance of planning – steps in planning & planning premises – Hierarchy of plans.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
ORGANISING AND STAFFING: Nature and purpose of organization – Principles of organization – Types of organization – Departmentation – Committees – Centralisation Vs Decentralisation of authority and responsibility – Span of control – MBO and MBE (Meaning only) Nature and importance of Staffing – Process of Selection & Recruitment (in brief).
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
DIRECTING & CONTROLLING: Meaning and nature of directing – Leadership styles, Motivation Theories, Communication – Meaning and importance – Coordination, meaning and importance and Techniques of Co – ordination. Meaning and steps in controlling – Essentials of a sound control system – Methods of establishing control. 6 Hours

ENTREPRENEURSHIP (PART – B )

UNIT – 5
ENTREPRENEUR: Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of the Concept, Functions of an Entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur – an emerging Class. Concept of Entrepreneurship – Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship; Stages in entrepreneurial process; Role of entrepreneurs in Economic Development;
Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship – its Barriers.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY: Definition; Characteristics; Need and rationale: Objectives; Scope; role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI Steps to start an SSI – Government policy towards SSI; Different Policies of S.S.I.; Government Support for S.S.I. during 5 year plans, Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on S.S.I., Effect of WTO/GATT Supporting Agencies of Government for S.S.I Meaning; Nature of Support; Objectives; Functions; Types of Help; Ancillary Industry
and Tiny Industry (Definition only).
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT: Different Schemes; TECKSOK; KIADB; KSSIDC; KSIMC; DIC Single Window Agency: SISI; NSIC; SIDBI; KSFC.
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
PREPARATION OF PROJECT: Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project Report; Need and Significance of Report; Contents; formulation; Guidelines by Planning Commission for Project report; Network Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal. Identification of Business Opportunities – Market Feasibility
Study; Technical Feasibility Study; Financial Feasibility Study & Social Feasibility Study.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Principles of Management – P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy; Tata McGraw Hill, 4th Edition, 2010.
  • 2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management – Vasant Desai Himalaya Publishing House.
  • 3. Entrepreneurship Development – Small Business Enterprises – Poornima M Charantimath – Pearson Education – 2006.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Management Fundamentals – Concepts, Application, Skill Development Robert Lusier – Thomson.
  • 2. Entrepreneurship Development – S S Khanka – S Chand & Co.
  • 3. Management – Stephen Robbins – Pearson Education /PHI -17th Edition, 2003.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Subject Code : 10EC52

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFT): Frequency domain sampling and reconstruction of discrete time signals. DFT as a linear transformation, its relationship with other transforms.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Properties of DFT, multiplication of two DFTs- the circular convolution, additional DFT properties. 6 Hours

UNIT – 3
Use of DFT in linear filtering, overlap-save and overlap-add method. Direct computation of DFT, need for efficient computation of the DFT (FFT algorithms).
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Radix-2 FFT algorithm for the computation of DFT and IDFT–decimationin- time and decimation-in-frequency algorithms. Goertzel algorithm, and chirp-z transform.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
IIR filter design: Characteristics of commonly used analog filters – Butterworth and Chebysheve filters, analog to analog frequency transformations.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Implementation of discrete-time systems: Structures for IIR and FIR systemsdirect form I and direct form II systems, cascade, lattice and parallel realization.
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
FIR filter design: Introduction to FIR filters, design of FIR filters using – Rectangular, Hamming, Bartlet and Kaiser windows, FIR filter design using frequency sampling technique.
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
Design of IIR filters from analog filters (Butterworth and Chebyshev) – impulse invariance method. Mapping of transfer functions: Approximation of derivative (backward difference and bilinear transformation) method, Matched z transforms, Verification for stability and linearity during mapping
7 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Digital signal processing – Principles Algorithms & Applications, Proakis & Monalakis, Pearson education, 4th Edition, New Delhi, 2007.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Discrete Time Signal Processing, Oppenheim & Schaffer, PHI, 2003.
  • 2. Digital Signal Processing, S. K. Mitra, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 3rd Edition, 2010.
  • 3. Digital Signal Processing, Lee Tan: Elsivier publications, 2007

ANALOG COMMUNICATION
Subject Code : 10EC53

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
RANDOM PROCESS: Random variables: Several random variables. Statistical averages: Function of Random variables, moments, Mean, Correlation and Covariance function: Principles of autocorrelation function, cross – correlation functions. Central limit theorem, Properties of Gaussian process.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Introduction, AM: Time-Domain description, Frequency – Domain description. Generation of AM wave: square law modulator, switching modulator. Detection of AM waves: square law detector, envelop detector. Double side band suppressed carrier modulation (DSBSC): Time-Domain description, Frequency-Domain
representation, Generation of DSBSC waves: balanced modulator, ring modulator. Coherent detection of DSBSC modulated waves. Costas loop.
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
SINGLE SIDE-BAND MODULATION (SSB): Quadrature carrier multiplexing, Hilbert transform, properties of Hilbert transform, Preenvelope, Canonical representation of band pass signals, Single side-band modulation, Frequency-Domain description of SSB wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave. Demodulation of SSB waves.
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
VESTIGIAL SIDE-BAND MODULATION (VSB): Frequency – Domain description, Generation of VSB modulated wave, Time – Domain description, Envelop detection of VSB wave plus carrier, Comparison of amplitude modulation techniques, Frequency translation, Frequency division multiplexing, Application: Radio broadcasting, AM radio.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-I: Basic definitions, FM, narrow band FM, wide band FM, transmission bandwidth of FM waves, generation of FM waves: indirect FM and direct FM.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-II: Demodulation of FM waves, FM stereo multiplexing, Phase-locked loop, Nonlinear model of the phase – locked loop, Linear model of the phase – locked loop, Nonlinear effects in FM systems.
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
NOISE: Introduction, shot noise, thermal noise, white noise, Noise equivalent bandwidth, Narrow bandwidth, Noise Figure, Equivalent noise temperature, cascade connection of two-port networks.
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
NOISE IN CONTINUOUS WAVE MODULATION SYSTEMS: Introduction, Receiver model, Noise in DSB-SC receivers, Noise in SSB receivers, Noise in AM receivers, Threshold effect, Noise in FM receivers, FM threshold effect, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM,.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Communication Systems, Simon Haykins, 5th Edition, John Willey, India Pvt. Ltd, 2009.
  • 2. An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, Simon Haykins, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2008

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Modern digital and analog Communication systems B. P. Lathi, Oxford University Press., 4th ed, 2010,
  • 2. Communication Systems, Harold P.E, Stern Samy and A Mahmond, Pearson Edn, 2004.
  • 3. Communication Systems: Singh and Sapre: Analog and digital TMH 2nd , Ed 2007.

MICROWAVES AND RADAR
Subject Code : 10EC54

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
MICROWAVE TRANSMISSION LINES: Introduction, transmission lines equations and solutions, reflection and transmission coefficients, standing waves and SWR, line impedance and line admittance. Smith chart, impedance matching using single stubs, Microwave coaxial connectors.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
MICROWAVE WAVEGUIDES AND COMPONENTS: Introduction, rectangular waveguides, circular waveguides, microwave cavities, microwave hybrid circuits, directional couplers, circulators and isolators.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
MICROWAVE DIODES, Transfer electron devices: Introduction, GUNN effect diodes – GaAs diode, RWH theory, Modes of operation, Avalanche transit time devices: READ
diode, IMPATT diode, BARITT diode, Parametric amplifiers Other diodes: PIN diodes, Schottky barrier diodes.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Microwave network theory and passive devices. Symmetrical Z and Y parameters, for reciprocal Networks, S matrix representation of multi port networks.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
Microwave passive devices, Coaxial connectors and adapters, Phase shifters, Attenuators, Waveguide Tees, Magic tees.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
STRIP LINES: Introduction, Microstrip lines, Parallèle strip lines, Coplanar strip lines, Shielded strip Lines.
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
AN INTRODUCTION TO RADAR: Basic Radar, The simple form of the Radar equation, Radar block diagram, Radar frequencies, application of Radar, the origins of Radar.
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR: Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar, delay line Cancellers, digital MTI processing, Moving target detector, pulse Doppler Radar.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Microwave Devices and circuits- Liao / Pearson Education.
  • 2. Introduction to Radar systems-Merrill I Skolnik, 3rd Ed, TMH, 2001.
  • 3. Microwave Engineering – Annapurna Das, Sisir K Das TMH Publication, 2nd , 2010.

REFERENCE BOOK:

  • 1. Microwave Engineering – David M Pozar, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 3rd Edn, 2008.

INFORMATION THEORY AND CODING
Subject Code : 10EC55

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INFORMATION THEORY: Introduction, Measure of information, Average information content of symbols in long independent sequences, Average information content of symbols in long dependent sequences. Markoff statistical model for information source, Entropy and information rate of mark-off source.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
SOURCE CODING: Encoding of the source output, Shannon’s encoding algorithm. Communication Channels, Discrete communication channels, Continuous channels.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
FUNDAMENTAL LIMITS ON PERFORMANCE: Source coding theorem, Huffman coding, Discrete memory less Channels, Mutual information, Channel Capacity.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Channel coding theorem, Differential entropy and mutual information for continuous ensembles, Channel capacity Theorem.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
INTRODUCTION TO ERROR CONTROL CODING: Introduction, Types of errors, examples, Types of codes Linear Block Codes: Matrix description, Error detection and correction, Standard arrays and table look up for decoding.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6
Binary Cycle Codes, Algebraic structures of cyclic codes, Encoding using an (n-k) bit shift register, Syndrome calculation. BCH codes.
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
RS codes, Golay codes, Shortened cyclic codes, Burst error correcting codes. Burst and Random Error correcting codes.
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
Convolution Codes, Time domain approach. Transform domain approach.
6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Digital and analog communication systems, K. Sam Shanmugam, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 1996.
  • 2. Digital communication, Simon Haykin, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. ITC and Cryptography, Ranjan Bose, TMH, II edition, 2007
  • 2. Digital Communications – Glover and Grant; Pearson Ed. 2nd Ed 2008.

FUNDAMENTALS OF CMOS VLSI
Subject Code : 10EC56

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
BASIC MOS TECHNOLOGY: Integrated circuit’s era. Enhancement and depletion mode MOS transistors. nMOS fabrication. CMOS fabrication. Thermal aspects of processing. BiCMOS technology. Production of E-beam masks.  3 Hours
MOS TRANSISTOR THEORY: Introduction, MOS Device Design Equations, The Complementary CMOS Inverter – DC Characteristics, Static Load MOS Inverters, The Differential Inverter, The Transmission Gate, Tristate Inverter. 4 Hours

UNIT – 2
CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSES: MOS layers. Stick diagrams. Design rules and layout – lambda-based design and other rules. Examples. Layout diagrams. Symbolic diagrams. Tutorial exercises. 4 Hours
Basic Physical Design of Simple logic gates. 3 Hours

UNIT – 3
CMOS LOGIC STRUCTURES: CMOS Complementary Logic, Bi CMOS Logic, Pseudo-nMOS Logic, Dynamic CMOS Logic, Clocked CMOS Logic, Pass Transistor Logic, CMOS Domino Logic Cascaded Voltage Switch Logic (CVSL).
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS: Sheet resistance. Area capacitances. Capacitance calculations. The delay unit. Inverter delays. Driving capacitive loads. Propagation delays. Wiring capacitances. 3 Hours
SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS: Scaling models and factors. Limits on scaling. Limits due to current density and noise. 3 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
CMOS SUBSYSTEM DESIGN: Architectural issues. Switch logic. Gate logic. Design examples – combinational logic. Clocked circuits. Other system considerations. 5 Hours
Clocking Strategies 2 Hours

UNIT – 6
CMOS SUBSYSTEM DESIGN PROCESSES: General considerations. Process illustration. ALU subsystem. Adders. Multipliers. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
MEMORY, REGISTERS AND CLOCK: Timing considerations. Memory elements. Memory cell arrays. 6 Hours

UNIT – 8
TESTABILITY: Performance parameters. Layout issues. I/O pads. Real estate. System delays. Ground rules for design. Test and testability.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. CMOS VLSI Design – A Circuits and Systems Perspective. 3rd Edition. N.H. Weste and David Harris. Addison-Wesley, 2005. (Refer to http://www.cmosvlsi.com).
  • 2. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design: A Systems Perspective, Neil H. E. Weste, K. Eshragian, and ??? 3rd edition, Pearson Education (Asia) Pvt. Ltd., 200?. (Shift to the latest edition.).
  • 3. Basic VLSI Design – Douglas A. Pucknell & Kamran Eshraghian, PHI 3rd Edition (original Edition – 1994), 2005.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. R. Jacob Baker. CMOS Circuit Design, Layout and Simulation. John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.
  • 2. Fundamentals of Semiconductor Devices, M. K. Achuthan and K. N. Bhat, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2007.
  • 3. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design, Sung- Mo Kang & Yusuf Leblebici, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2007.
  • 4. Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits – D.A Hodges, H.G Jackson and R.A Saleh. 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2007.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY
Subject Code : 10ECL57

IA Marks : 25
No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

[Refer Syllabus Book]

ANALOG COMMUNICATION LAB + LIC LAB

Subject Code : 10ECL58

IA Marks : 25
No. of Practical Hrs/Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

EXPERIMENTS USING DESCERTE COMPONENTS and LABVIEW – 2009 CAN BE USED FOR VERIFICATION AND TESTING.

  • 1. Second order active LPF and HPF
  • 2. Second order active BPF and BE
  • 3. Schmitt Trigger Design and test a Schmitt trigger circuit for the given values of UTP and LTP
  • 4. Frequency synthesis using PLL.
  • 5. Design and test R-2R DAC using op-amp
  • 6. Design and test the following circuits using IC 555
    a. Astable multivibrator for given frequency and duty cycle
    b. Monostable multivibrator for given pulse width W
  • 7. IF amplifier design
  • 8. Amplitude modulation using transistor/FET (Generation and detection)
  • 9. Pulse amplitude modulation and detection
  • 10. PWM and PPM
  • 11. Frequency modulation using 8038/2206
  • 12. Precision rectifiers – both Full Wave and Half Wave.

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