VTU Instrumentation Technology 7th Semester Syllabus

Download VTU Instrumentation Technology Syllabus 2010

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VTU Instrumentation Technology 7th Semester Syllabus

VLSI DESIGN
Subject Code : 10IT71

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY: Moores law, speed –power performance, nMOS fabrication, CMOS fabrication: nwell, pwell processes, BiCMOS, comparison of bipolar & CMOS.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
BASIC ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF MOS & BICMOS CIRCUITS: Drain to source current versus voltage characteristics, threshold voltage, transconductance, nMOS inverter, Determination of pull up to pull down ratio, nMOS inverter driven through one or more pass transistors, alternative forms of pull-up, CMOS inverter, MOS transistor circuit model,
BiCMOS inverters, latch up.
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS: Sheet resistance, area capacitance calculation. Delay unit, inverter delay, estimation of CMOS inverter delay, driving of large capacitance loads, super buffers, BiCMOS drivers, propagation delays & wiring capacitances.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
MOS AND BICMOS CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSES: MOS layers, stick diagrams, nMOS design style; CMOS design style, Design rules and layout, l based design. Scaling of MOS circuits: Scaling factors for device parameters, limitations of scaling.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
SUBSYSTEM DESIGN & LAYOUT: Switch logic pass transistor, gate logic inverter, Nand gates, Nor gates, pseudo nMOS, dynamic CMOS example of structured design, parity generator, Bus arbitration, Multiplexers, logic function block, code converter.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Clocked sequential circuits, dynamic shift registers, bus lines. Subsystem design processes General considerations, 4 bit arithmetic processor, 4-bit shifter.
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
DESIGN PROCESS- COMPUTATIONAL ELEMENTS: Regularity, design of ALU subsystem, ALU using adders, Carry look ahead adders, Multipliers, serial parallel multipliers, Braun array, Bough-wooley multiplier. Pipelined multiplier array, modified Booth’s algorithm, Wallace tree multiplier.
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
MEMORY, REGISTER & ASPECTS OF TIMING: 3 TRANSISTOR DYNAMIC RAM CELL, DYNAMIC MEMORY CELL, PSEUDO-static RAM, JK FF, D FF circuits, RAM arrays. Practical aspects and testability: Some thoughts of performance, optimization, and CAD tools for design & Simulation.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Basic VLSI design-3rd Edition Douglas A Pucknell, Kamaran Eshraghian, Prentice Hall of India publication, 2005.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits, Analysis and design, 3rd Edition, Sung-Mo (steve) Kang, Yusuf Leblbici, Tata Mcgraw Hill.
  • 2. VLSI Technology, 2nd Edition, S.M .Sze, Tata Mcgraw Hill.

DSP ARCHITECTURE
Subject Code : 10IT72

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Introduction, A digital signal processing system, the sampling process, discrete time sequences, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), linear time invariant systems, Digital filters, Decimation and Interpolation, Analysis and Design tool for DSP systems.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
COMPUTATIONAL ACCURACY IN DSP IMPLEMENTATION: Introduction, Number formats for signals and coefficients in DSP systems, Dynamic range and precision, Sources of error in DSP implementations, A/D conversion error, DSP computational error and D/A Conversion error.
7Hours

UNIT – 3
Digital Signal Processing Devices: Introduction, Basic architectural features, DSP computational building blocks, Bus architecture and memory, Data addressing capabilities, Address generation unit, Programmability and Program execution, Speed issues.
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
PROGRAMMABLE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS: Introduction, Architecture of TMS320C54xx digital signal processors: Bus structure, Central processing unit, internal memory and memory mapped registers, Data addressing modes of TMS320C54xx processors, Memory space of TMS320C54xx processors.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
TMS320C54xx Instructions and programming, On-chip peripherals, Interrupts of TMS320C54xx processors, Pipeline operation of TMS320C54xx processors.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6
IMPLEMENTATION OF BASIC DSP ALGORITHMS: Introduction, The Q-notation, Linear Convolution, Circular Convolution, FIR Filters, IIR Filters, Interpolation Filters, Decimation Filters, Adaptive Filters, butterfly computation and FFT implementation on the TMS320C54xx
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
INTERFACING MEMORY AND PARALLEL I/O PERIPHERALS TO PROGRAMMABLE DSP DEVICES: Introduction, Memory space organization, External bus interfacing signals, Memory interface, Parallel I/O interface, Programmed I/O, Interrupts and I/O, Direct memory access (DMA). Interfacing Serial Converters to a Programmable DSP device:
Introduction, Synchronous Serial Interface (SSI), A multi channel buffered serial port (McBSP).
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
A CODEC INTERFACE CIRCUIT: CODEC-DSP interface circuit. Applications of programmable DSP devices: Introduction, A DSP system, DSP-based Biotelemetry receiver, A speech processing system, An image processing system.
6 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Digital Signal Processing-Avtar Singh and S. Srinivasan, Thomson Publishing, 2004, Singapore.
  • 2. Real Time Digital Signal Processing: Fundamentals, Algorithms and implementation using TMS Processor-V.Udayashankara, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2010

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Digital Signal Processing- A Practical Approach, Emmanuel C Ifeachor and B W Jervis, Pearson Education, New Delhi.
  • 2. Digital Signal Processors- B Venkataramani and M Bhaskar, Tata- McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2002.

ROBOTICS AND CONTROL
Subject Code : 10IT73

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
ROBOT ARM KINEMATICS: Introduction, The direct Kinematics Problem, Rotation Matrices, Composite Rotation Matrix, Rotation matrix about an arbitrary axis, Rotation matrix with Euler angle representation, Geometric interpretation of Homogeneous transformation matrices, composite homogeneous transformation matrix, Links joints and their
parameters. The Denavit Hartenberg representation.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
Kinematic equations for manipulators, Other specifications of the locations of the End-Effector, Classification of Manipulators, The inverse Kinematics problem, Inverse Transform Technique for Euler Angles Solution
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
Planning of Manipulator Trajectories: Introduction, General considerations on Trajectory planning, joint-interpolated Trajectories, calculation of a 4-3-4 Joint trajectory, Cubic Spline Trajectory. Sensing: Range sensing, Triangulation, Structured Lighting Approach, Time-of-Flight range finders.
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
Proximity sensing, Inductive sensors, Hall effect sensors, Capacitive Sensors, Ultrasonic sensors, Optical Proximity Sensors, Touch sensors, Binary sensors, Analog sensors, Force and Torque sensing, Elements of a Wrist sensor.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
LOW-LEVEL VISION: Image acquisition, illumination Techniques, imaging geometry, some basic transformations, perspective transformations.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6
Camera model, camera calibration, stereo imaging, some basic relationships between pixels, Neighbours of a Pixel, connectivity, distance measures, Preprocessing, Spatial-Domain methods, Frequency-Domain methods, Smoothing, Enhancement, Edge detection, Thresholding.
7 Hours

UNIT – 7
Higher-Level Vision: Segmentation, Edge Linking and Boundary detection, Thresholding. 6 Hours

UNIT – 8
Region-oriented segmentation, the use of motion, description, Boundary descriptors, Regional descriptors.
6 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Robotics control sensing Vision and Intelligence- K.S.Fu, R.C.Gonzalez, C.S.G. Lee, McGraw Hill, 1987.
  • 2. Robot Technology Fundamentals – James G.Keramas, Cengage learning

REFERENCE BOOK:

  • 1. Introduction to Robotics Mechanics and control– John J. Craig, 2nd Edition, Pearson education, 2003.

AUTOMATION IN PROCESS CONTROL
Subject Code : 10IT74

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS, INTRODUCTION TO PLC OPERATION: The digital concept, Analog Signals, The input status file, the output status file, Input and output status files, sixteen point I/O modules, PLC memory.
7 Hours

UNIT – 2
INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC: What is logic, Conventional Ladder v/s LPLC ladder, series and parallel function of OR, AND, NOT logic, XOR logic, Analysis of rung. Input modules: Discrete input modules, Discrete AC and DC input modules. Output Modules: Discrete output modules, solid-state output module switching, relay output modules.
7 Hours

UNITS – 3 & 4
PLC INSTRUCTIONS: The basic relay instructions, Normally open and normally closed instructions, output latching instructions, Understanding Relay instructions and the programmable controller input modulesinterfacing start stop pushbutton and motor to PLC, developing ladder diagram with analytical problems.
12 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
TIMER AND COUNTER INSTRUCTIONS: On delay and off delay and retentive timer instructions, PLC counter up and down instructions, combining counters and timers.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
COMPARISON AND DATA HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS: Data handling instructions, Sequencer instructions: Programming sequence output instructions, developing ladder diagram with analytical.
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
INTRODUCTION TO SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION (SCADA) AS APPLIED TO PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS. DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM (DCS): Evolution of digital controllers, advantages of digital control, process control requirements of digital control, computer network, interconnection of networks,
communication in DCS.
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
DIFFERENT BUS CONFIGURATIONS USED FOR INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION -RS232, UART, RS485, GPIB, CAN, USB, I2C, TCP/IP, HART and OLE protocol, Industrial field bus- FIP (Factory Instrumentation protocol), PROFIBUS (Processfieldbus), Bitbus.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Introduction to Programmable Logic Controllers- Garry Dunning, 2nd Edition, Thomson, ISBN: 981-240-625-5.
  • 2. Computer control of processes – M.Chidambaram, Narosa publishing,
  • 3. Computer Based Industrial control- Krishna Kant, Prentice Hall of India.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Process Control Instrumentation Technology – Curtis Johnson, Prentice Hall of India.
  • 2. Instrumentation Engineers Hand Book – Process Control, Bela G Liptak, Chilton Book Company, Pennsylvania.
  • 3. Industrial Control and Instrumentation, W.Bolton, Universities Press.
  • 4. Industrial Electronic Control: Including PLC- Paul.B. 2nd edition- Prentice Hall India.

ELECTIVE-II (GROUP B)
ARM PROCESSORS
Subject Code : 10IT751

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

Unit 1 and 2
Introduction to embedded systems, ARM embedded system, ARM processor fundamentals: Registers, Current program status register, pipeline, exceptions, Interrupts, the Vector table, Core extensions, ARM processor families 14 Hours

Unit 3
Introduction to ARM instruction set: Data processing instructions, Branch instructions, load-store instructions, software interrupt instructions, program status register instructions, Coprocessor instructions. 6 Hours

Unit4
Introduction to thumb instruction set: Thumb programmers model, Thumb branch instructions, data processing instructions, Single register load-store Instructions, Multiple-Register load-store instruction, Stack instruction, Software interrupt instruction. 6 Hours

Part B

Unit 5
ARM assembly language Programming 7 Hours

Unit 6
Architectural Support for High-Level languages: Data types, Floating-point data types, The ARM floating point architecture, Expressions, Conditional statements, Loops, functions and procedures.
6 Hours

Unit 7
Introduction to DSP on the ARM, FIR filters, IIR filters, DFT 7 Hours

Unit8
Embedded operating systems 6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. ARM system developers guide, Andrew N Sloss, Dominic Symes and Chris wright, Elsevier, Morgan Kaufman publishers, 2008.
  • 2. Arm-System-On-Chip- Architecture: By Steve Furber-Pearson.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. “Embedded system design”, Frank vahid/Tony givargis, John wiley &sons, 2003.
  • 2. “Embedded/Real time systems, Real-Time systems”, Dr.K.V.K.K Prasad, Dreamtech press, 2004.

AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTATION
Subject Code : 10IT752

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS: Introduction-Qualitative and quantitative displays, basic T grouping of instruments, basics of Attitude Director Indicator (ADI) & Horizontal Situation Indicator, flight deck of modern aircraft (glass cockpit).
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
AIR DATA INSTRUMENTS: pneumatic type and air data computers, International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), basic pneumatic air data system, combined pitot-static probe, separate static probe, air speed indicator, altimeters, instantaneous vertical speed indicator.
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
AIR DATA WARNING SYSTEM: Mach warning system, altitude alerts system, airspeed warning system.
6 Hours

UNIT – 4
Directional Systems: Earth’s total magnetic field, horizontal and vertical components of total field direct reading compass and its limitations, fluxgate detector units. gyro stabilized direction indicating systems.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
GYROSCOPIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS: types of gyros-mechanical, ring laser gyros, fiber optic gyros and their limitations, basic mechanical gyro and its properties namely rigidity and precision, gyro horizon, direction indicator, turn and bank indicator.
7 Hours

UNITS – 6 & 7
ENGINE INSTRUMENTS: pressure measurement (EPR), Temperature measurement (EGT), capacitance type volumetric fuel quantity indicator, densitometer, fuel quantity indicator by weight. Engine speed measurement, torque measurement, integrated impellor type flow meter.
12 Hours

UNIT – 8
AIRCRAFT SAFETY AND WARNING SYSTEMS: basic principles and block schematic descriptions of stall warning system, ground proximity warning systems, traffic collision avoidance system.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOK:

  • 1. Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems- EHJ Pallet, Longman Scientific & Technical, 1992.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Aircraft Instruments- C A Williams Galgotia Publications, New Delhi.
  • 2. Aircraft Propulsion- Bhaskar Roy, Elsevier publications, New Delhi.

SYSTEM MODELLING
Subject Code : 10IT753

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

Part-A

Unit 1:
Fundamental concepts in mathematical modeling: systems, modeling, and analysis. Abstraction. Physical dimensions and units. Linearity and superposition. A gentle introduction to differential equations. Scaling in elementary differential equations. Balance and conservation laws and the system boundary approach: balance equations, conservation laws, examples.
6Hrs

Unit 2:
Lumped–element modeling: introduction, One dimensional translational mechanical systems; the element comprising simple mechanical systems. Translational springs. Translational dampers. Mass elements in translational motion. The ideal force and the ideal displacement inputs. The interrelationship between forces in different elements in a system; Newton’s second law. The interrelationship between deformations of different elements in a system: consistency of displacements. Simplifying models through combination of elements. Examples. RLC electrical systems: the interrelationship between the voltage differences across elements in a system. Simplifying models through combination of elements. Examples.
7 Hrs

Unit 3:
Generalizing lumped-element modeling: introduction. A framework for unifying lumped-element models; some common approaches. Basic linear graph theory. Relating linear graph theory to lumped-element models of physical systems. Manipulation of graph theory rules. Examples. Rotational mechanical systems; the basics of rotational mechanics. Rotational mechanical system elements. Torsional springs. Torsional damper elements. The mass moment of inertia element. The ideal torque and ideal angular displacement inputs. The rules governing rotational mechanical systems. Examples. 7 Hrs.

Unit 4:
Thermal and hydraulic systems: basic physics of incompressible fluids. Hydraulic system elements. The pipe element. The tank element. Ideal flow rate and ideal pressure sources. The rules governing the hydraulic model. Basic concept in heat transfer. Thermal system elements. The thermal resistance element. The thermal mass element. Ideal heat transfer rate and ideal temperature inputs. The rules governing the thermal model. Examples.
6 Hrs.

Part-B

Unit 5:
First order system models: governing equations for first order systems. Canonical form of first order systems. Classifications of responses and systems. Solution of governing equations; free response and forced response. Transient response specifications. Experimental determination of time constant: free response and forced response. Application of superposition in first order system models.
7 Hrs.

Unit 6:
Second- order models of systems: governing equations for second order systems. Canonical form of second-order systems. Classifications of responses and systems. Solution of governing equations; free response and forced response. Transient response specifications. Experimental determination of ζ: using free response and step response.
6 Hrs.

Unit 7:
State space formulations of systems problems: examples of state variables and state equations. Matrix formulation. Free response and Eigen value problem. Stability. Graphical solution. Forced response and response to step input. Examples. Phase plane and stability considerations. 6 Hrs.

Unit 8:
Relating the time domain, frequency domain, and state space: introduction. The pole-zero plot; relating pole zero plot to transfer function, the governing equation, and state matrix Eigen values. Relating plot location to system parameters. Relating frequency to pole location; the relationship between the T(s) surface and the frequency response function. Higher order systems and dominant poles. Transient response, poles, and frequency response; the relationship between the mathematical form of the free response, pole location, and system parameters. The effect of Non dominant poles on transient behavior. State space trajectories, poles, and transient response. Examples. 7 Hrs.

Text book:

  • 1. “Fundamentals of modeling and analyzing engineering systems” Philip D. Cha, James J. Rosenberg and Clive L. Dym, First Edition,2000. Cambridge University Press.

Reference Books:

  • 1. Chemical Process Control an Introduction to theory and practice, George Stephanopoulos, PHI,1998, Sixth reprint.
  • 2. Modern Control Engineering, Roy Choudhury, Printice Hall India, 2004-reprint.
  • 3. Digital Control and State variable methods, Madan Gopal, Second Edition, , Printice Hall India, 2004-reprint.

MEDICAL IMAGING SYSTEMS
Subject Code : 10IT754

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
X-RAYS: Interaction between X-Rays and matter, Intensity of an X-Ray, Attenuation, X-Ray Generation and Generators, Beam Restrictors and Grids, Intensifying screens, fluorescent screens and Image intensifiers.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
X-Ray detectors, Conventional X-Ray radiography, Fluoroscopy, Angiography, Digital radiography, Dynamic spatial reconstructor, X-Ray image characteristics, Biological effects of ionizing radiation.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY: Conventional tomography, Computed tomography principle, Projection function Generations of CT machines, Electron beam CT, Reconstruction algorithms, Helical CT.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
ULTRASOUND IMAGING: Acoustic propagation, Attenuation, Absorption and Scattering, Ultrasonic transducers, Arrays, A mode, B mode, M mode scanners, Tissue characterization, Color Doppler flow imaging.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING: Angular momentum, Magnetic dipole moment, Magnetization, Larmor frequency, Rotating frame of reference, Free induction decay, Relaxation times, Pulse sequences. Introduction to functional MRI.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6
BLOCK OF A MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGER: Slice selection, Frequency encoding, Phase encoding, Spin-Echo imaging, Gradient-Echo imaging, Imaging safety. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING: Interaction of nuclear particles and matter, Nuclear sources, Radionuclide generators, Nuclear radiation detectors, Rectilinear scanner, scintillation camera, SPECT, PET.
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
THERMAL IMAGING: Medical thermography, Infrared detectors, Thermographic equipment, Pyroelectric vidicon camera. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Principles of Medical Imaging- Kirk shung, Academic Press.
  • 2. Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation- Khandpur, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2003.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Medical Imaging Signals and Systems- Jerry L Prince and Jonathan M Links, Prentice Hall of India/Pearson Education.
  • 2. Fundamentals of medical Imaging- Zhong Hicho and Manbir singh, John Wiley.

ELECTIVE-III (GROUP C)
EMBEDDED SYSTEM & RTOS
Subject Code : 10IT761

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION: An Embedded System; Characteristics of Embedded Systems; Software embedded into a system; Real Time Definitions, Events and Determinism, Synchronous & Asynchronous Events, Determinism.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
EMBEDDED MICROCONTROLLER CORE AND ARCHITECTURE: 8051 micro controller; Architecture; Instruction sets; Assembly language programming.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
I/O PORT PROGRAMMING: Timer / counter programming, Serial Communication; Interrupts, programming.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
REAL TIME SPECIFICATIONS AND DESIGN TECHNIQUE: Mathematical specifications, flow charts, structure charts, Finite state automata, data flow diagrams, Petri Nets, Warnier Orr Notation, State charts.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
PROCESSOR AND MEMORY ORGANIZATION: Structural Units in a Processor; Memory Devices, Memory selection for an embedded system; Direct Memory Access, DMA controllers; Interfacing Processor, Memory and I/O Devices.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
INTERRUPT SERVICING (HANDLING) MECHANISM: Context and the periods for context switching; Deadline and interrupt latency. Language Features: Parameter passing, Recursion, Dynamic allocation, Typing, exception handling, abstract data typing.
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
REAL TIME KERNELS: Real Time and Embedded Operating Systems; Interrupt Routines in RTOS environment; co routines, Interrupt driven systems, Foreground/background systems, Full-featured Real Time Operating Systems. INTER-PROCESS COMMUNICATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION OF PROCESSES: Multiple processes in an application; Problem of sharing data by multiple tasks and routines; Inter Process Communication, Mailboxes, Critical Regions, Semaphores, Deadlock.
7 Hours

UNIT – 8
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND TOOLS: DESIRED LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS: Data typing; Control Structures; Packages; Exception Handling; Overloading; Multitasking; Task Scheduling; Timing specification; Programming environments; Runtime support.
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Embedded Systems Architecture; Programming and Design- Rajkamal; Tata McGraw Hill Publications.
  • 2. Real–Time Systems Design and Analysis–-3rd Edition, Phillip A. Laplante. Apr 2004. Wiley-IEEE Press.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Real Time Systems- C.M. Krishna, Kang G.Shin McGraw-Hill, 1997.
  • 2. An Embedded software primer-David E Simon; Addison Wesley; 2000.
  • 3. An Introduction to Real Time Systems-Raymond J.A. Buhr; Donald L. Bailey; Prentice Hall International; 1999.
  • 4. Embedded Real Time system-Concepts, Design and Programming, Dr. K. V. K. K. Prasad Dream Tech Pres, New Delhi 2003.

DISTRIBUTED SENSOR NETWORKS
Subject Code : 10IT762

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION: Challenges, Sensor Network Architectures, Sensor Node Deployment, Energy-Efficient Information Processing, Data Dissemination, Self-Configuration Methods.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
SENSOR NODE DEPLOYMENT: Sensor Node Detection Models, Virtual Force Algorithm, Virtual Forces, Overlapped Sensor Detection Areas, Energy Constraint on the VFA Algorithm, Procedural Description. VFA Simulation Results, Case Studies. Uncertainty Modeling, Modeling of Non-Deterministic Placement, Uncertainty-Aware Placement Algorithms, Procedural Description, Simulation Results, Case Study.
6 Hours

UNIT – 3
ENERGY-AWARE TARGET LOCALIZATION: Detection, Probability Table, Score-Based Ranking Selection of Sensors to Query, 3Energy Evaluation Model, Primitive Energy Evaluation Model, Refined Energy Evaluation Model, Procedural Description, Simulation Results, Case Study.
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
ENERGY-EFFICIENT SELF-ORGANIZATION: Introduction, Relevant Prior Outline of SCARE Basic Scheme, Network Partitioning Problem, Details of SCARE. Time Relationships Ensuring Network, Connectivity Message, Complexity, Optimal Centralized Algorithm, average Comparisons, Performance Evaluation, Simulation Methodology, Simulation Results, Effect of Location, Estimation Error, Conclusion.
7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
ENERGY-AWARE INFORMATION DISSEMINATION: Introduction, Related Prior Work Location-Aided Flooding, Modified Flooding, Location Information, Virtual Grids, Packet Header Format, LAF Node Types. Information Dissemination using LAF, Resource Management in LAF, Completeness of the Data Dissemination Procedure, Analysis Errors in
Location Estimates, Performance Evaluation Energy Model, Simulation Model, Conclusion.
7 Hours

UNIT – 6
OPTIMAL ENERGY EQUIVALENCE ROUTING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS : Related Work, Networking Characteristics of WSN, WSN Protocol, Stack Classification of Energy Equivalence Routing, Energy Saving Routing Protocols, Comparison to Flooding, Family Comparison to Sensor-Centric Paradigm
6 Hours

UNIT – 7
DATA-CENTRIC ROUTING AND DIRECTED DIFFUSION: Energy Equivalence Approach, Basics, Neighbor Switching Path, Rerouting EER Algorithms, and Assumptions. Procedures and Functions Formats of Packets EER, Common Entry Algorithm, Common Neighbor Switching EER Algorithm (CNS), Shortest Rerouting EER Algorithm (EERS), Longest Rerouting EER Algorithm (EERL), Simulation Analysis. Basic Procedure, Lifetime and End Condition, Density of Network, Conclusion.
6 Hours

UNIT – 8
TIME SYNCHRONIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS: Introduction, Synchronized Time in a WSN, Traditional Network, Time Synchronization, Energy Awareness, Infrastructure Supported Vs. Ad Hoc, Static Topology vs. Dynamics, Connected vs. Disconnected. Design Principles for WSN Time Synchronization, Computer Clocks, Clock
Synchronization in DSN, Synchronization Algorithm. The Idea, Time Transformation Message, Delay Time, Stamp Calculation, Improvement
7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Scalable Infrastructure for Distributed Sensor-Krishnendu Chakrabarty and S. S. Iyengar, Springer 2005.
  • 2. Networks, ISBN-10: 1852339519- Springer -Verlag London Limited 2005.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Distributed sensor Networks- a Multi-agent perspective, VICTOR LESSER, CHARLES ORITIZ, TAMBE, Kluwer academic publishing/2003.
  • 2. Distributed Sensor N/W- By Sundararaja S. Iyengar, Richard R.Brooks, CRC Press.
  • 3. Wireless Sensor networks- Freng Zhao, Leonidas Guibas, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, New Delhi.

HARDWARE SOFTWARE CO-DESIGN
Subject Code : 10IT763

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

Unit-I
Introduction Motivation hardware & software co-design, system design consideration, research scope & overviews, Hardware Software back ground, Embedded systems, models of design representation, the virtual machine hierarchy, the performance modeling, Hardware Software development. 7Hours

Unit-II
Hardware Software Co-Design Research, An informal view of co-design, Hardware Software tradeoffs, crosses fertilization, typical co-design process, co-design environments, limitation of existing approaches, ADEPT modeling environment. 6Hours

Unit-III
Co-design Concepts, Functions, functional decomposition, virtual machines, Hardware Software partitioning, Hardware Software partitions, Hardware Software alterations, Hardware Software tradeoffs, co-design. 7Hours

Unit-IV
Methodology for Co-Design,Amount of unification, general consideration & basic philosophies, a framework for co-design, an example. 6Hours

PART – B

Unit-V
Unified Representation for Hardware & Software. Benefits of unified representation, modeling concepts, a unified representation. 7Hours

Unit-VI
An Abstract Hardware & Software Model Requirement & applications of the models, models of Hardware Software system, an abstract Hardware Software models, generality of the model. 6Hours

Unit-VII
Performance Evaluation Application of t he abstract Hardware & Software model, examples of performance evaluation. 7Hours

Unit-VIII
Object Oriented Techniques in Hardware Design Motivation for object oriented technique, data types, modeling hardware components as classes, designing specialized components, data decomposition, Processor example. 6Hours

Text Book:

  • 1. Sanjaya Kumar, James H. Ayler “The Co-design of Embedded Systems: A Unified Hardware Software Representation”, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 2002 .

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Peter Mwrwedel, “Embedded System Design”, by Springer P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • 2. R. Gupta, “Co-synthesis of Hardware and Software for Embedded Systems”, Kluwer 1995.
  • 3. S. Allworth, “Introduction to Real-time Software Design”,Springer- Verlag, 1984.
  • 4. C. M. Krishna, K. Shin, “Real-time Systems”, Mc-Graw Hill, 1997
  • 5. Peter Marwedel, G. Goosens, “Code Generation for Embedded Processors”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995.

MICRO AND SMART SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY
Subject Code : 10MS769

IA Marks : 25
No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
INTRODUCTION TO MICRO AND SMART SYSTEMS
a) What are smart-material systems? Evolution of smart materials, structures and systems. Components of a smart system. Application areas. Commercial products. b) What are microsystems? Feynman’s vision. Micromachined transducers. Evolution of micro-manufacturing. Multi-disciplinary aspects. Applications areas. Commercial products.
6 Hours

UNIT – 2
MICRO AND SMART DEVICES AND SYSTEMS: PRINCIPLES AND MATERIALS
a) Definitions and salient features of sensors, actuators, and systems.
b) SENSORS: silicon capacitive accelerometer, piezo-resistive pressure sensor, blood analyzer, conductometric gas sensor, fiber-optic gyroscope and surface-acoustic-wave based wireless strain sensor.
c) ACTUATORS: silicon micro-mirror arrays, piezo-electric based inkjet print-head, electrostatic comb-drive and micromotor, magnetic micro relay, shape-memory-alloy based actuator, electro-thermal actuator
d) SYSTEMS: micro gas turbine, portable clinical analyzer, active noise control in a helicopter cabin
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
MICROMANUFACTURING AND MATERIAL PROCESSING:
a) Silicon wafer processing, lithography, thin-film deposition, etching (wet and dry), wafer bonding, and metallization.
b) Silicon micromachining: surface, bulk, moulding, bonding based process flows.
c) Thick-film processing:
d) Smart material processing:
e) Processing of other materials: ceramics, polymers and metals
f) Emerging trends
7 Hours

UNIT – 4
MODELLING:
a) Scaling issues. b) Elastic deformation and stress analysis of beams and plates. Residual stresses and stress gradients. Thermal loading. Heat transfer issues. Basic fluids issues. c) Electrostatics. Coupled electromechanics. Electromagnetic actuation. Capillary electro-phoresis. Piezoresistive modeling. Piezoelectric
modeling. Magnetostrictive actuators.
6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
COMPUTER-AIDED SIMULATION AND DESIGN: Background to the finite element element method. Coupled-domain simulations using Matlab. Commercial software.
6 Hours

UNIT – 6
ELECTRONICS CIRCUITS AND CONTROL: Carrier concentrations, semiconductor diodes, transistors, MOSFET amplifiers, operational amplifiers. Basic Op-Amp circuits. Charge-measuring circuits. Examples from microsystems. Transfer function, state-space modeling, stability, PID controllers, and model order reduction. Examples from smart systems and micromachined accelerometer or a thermal cycler. 7 Hours

UNIT – 7
INTEGRATION AND PACKAGING OF MICRO ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS: Integration of microelectronics and micro devices at wafer and chip levels. Microelectronic packaging: wire and ball bonding, flip-chip. Low-temperature-cofired-ceramic (LTCC) multi-chipmodule technology. Microsystem packaging examples. 7 Hours

UNIT – 8
CASE STUDIES: BEL pressure sensor, thermal cycler for DNA amplification, and active vibration control of a beam. 6 Hours

PART – C

UNIT – 9
MINI-PROJECTS AND CLASS-DEMONSTRATIONS (Not For Examination)
a) CAD lab (coupled field simulation of electrostatic-elastic actuation with fluid effect)
b) BEL pressure sensor
c) Thermal-cycler for PCR
d) Active control of a cantilever beam

TEXT BOOK: [for Complete info Refer Syllabus Book]

  • 1. MEMS & Microsystems: Design and Manufacture- Tai-Ran Tsu, Tata Mc-Graw-Hill.
  • 2. “Micro and Smart Systems” by Dr. A.K.Aatre, Prof. Ananth Suresh, Prof.K.J.Vinoy, Prof. S. Gopalakrishna,, Prof. K.N.Bhat.,John Wiley Publications

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Animations of working principles, process flows and processing techniques- A CD-supplement with Matlab codes, photographs and movie clips of processing machinery and working devices.
  • 2. Laboratory hardware kits for- (i) BEL pressure sensor, (ii) thermal-cycler and (iii) active control of a cantilever beam.
  • 3. Microsystems Design- S. D. Senturia, 2001, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, USA. ISBN 0-7923-7246-8.
  • 4. Analysis and Design Principles of MEMS Devices-Minhang Bao, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, ISBN 0-444-51616-6.
  • 5. Design and Development Methodologies-Smart Material Systems and MEMS: V. Varadan, K. J. Vinoy, S. Gopalakrishnan, Wiley.
  • 6. MEMS- Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, Tata McGraw Hill 2007.

DSP LAB
Subject Code : 10ITL77

IA Marks : 25
No. of Practical Hrs./ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

  • 1. Verify the Sampling theorem.
  • 2. Determine linear convolution, Circular convolution and Correlation of two given sequences. Verify the result using theoretical computations.
  • 3. Determine the linear convolution of two given point sequences using FFT algorithm.
  • 4. Determine the correlation using FFT algorithm.
  • 5. Determine the spectrum of the given sequence using FFT.
  • 6. Design and test FIR filter using Windowing method (Hamming window and Kaiser window) for the given order and cut-off frequency.
  • 7. Design and test FIR filter using frequency sampling method.
  • 8. Design and test Butterworth 1st and 2nd order low pass filter.
  • 9. Design and test Butterworth 1st and 2nd order high pass filter.
  • 10. Design and test Chebyshev 1st and 2nd order low pass filter.
  • 11. Design and test Chebyshev 1st and 2nd order high pass filter.
  • 12. Generate and detect DTMF signal using MATLAB software only.

Note: Experiments 1-11 must be conducted using Matlab and TMS processor

PROCESS CONTROL LAB
Subject Code : 10ITL78

IA Marks : 25
No. of Practical Hrs./ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03
Total No. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

  • 1. Rig up and test the circuit to display the temperature using RTD with suitable signal conditioning circuit.
  • 2. Rig up and test the circuit to display the load using load cell with suitable signal conditioning circuits.
  • 3. Using different controllers obtain the optimum response of the given temperature controller.
  • 4. Using different controllers obtain the optimum response of the given flow controller.
  • 5. Using different controllers obtain the optimum response of the given level controller.
  • 6. Sequential Control experiments using PLC. The logic should be solved using ladder diagram technique.
  • 7. Bottle filling process using PLC. The logic should be solved using ladder diagram technique.
  • 8. Elevator using PLC. The logic should be solved using ladder diagram technique
  • 9. Basic operations , simple programming structure using labview.
  • 10. Creation of a CRO using VI and measurement of frequency and amplitude.
  • 11. Creation of a digital multimeter using VI and measurement of voltage and current.
  • 12. Design variable function generator using VI (sine, square and triangle)
  • 13. Data acquisition using VI for temperature measurement with thermo couple and AD590

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