VTU M Tech Transportation Engineering 1st Sem Syllabus

Download 1st Semester M.Tech Transportation Engineering Syllabus

TRANSPORTATION STRUCTURES
Subject Code : 14 CTE 154

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES
· Classify the various transportation structures, explain the principles of design methods and list the steps involved in the design of various transportation structures
· Identify the input parameters required for design of transportation structures and design and evaluate a transportation structures based on the data given

OUTCOMES
After completion of the course the student should be able to
· Decide the selection of transportation structures, list the factors affecting design of various transportation structures and generate the input parameters required for design
· Summarize the design methodology and arrive at design values for various transportation structures

Module 1
Introduction: Principles of Planning of Elevated Rail Transit System, grade separation structures, pedestrian crossing and sub- ways.

Module 2
Loads on Bridges: Dead loads, live loads, dynamic effects of vehicles, longitudinal forces, centrifugal forces, wind loads, earth quake forces, stream flow pressure, load combinations, design examples

Module 3
Design of Bridge Slabs: Longitudinally reinforced deck slabs, transversely reinforced bridge slabs

Module 4
Design of Reinforced Concrete Bridges: Design procedures for T- beam, box girder bridges design examples
Design of Pre-stressed Concrete Bridges: Design code, design examples

Module 5
Segmental Box bridges – precast sections, criteria, design examples
Sub-Structure Design: Foundation investigation, bearings, bridge pier design, and abutment design, Examples.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Raina,R.K, ‘PrinciplesofDesignofRCCBridges, Tata McGraw Hill,1999.
2. Krishnaraju‘Bridge Engineering‘, UPD Publishers,New Delhi,2000.

REFERENCES
1. ConradP. HeinsandRichardA.Lawrie, `Designof Modern Concrete Highway Bridges, JohnWileyandSons,1999.
2. BaiderBakhtandLeslie, G.Jaeger,`BridgeAnalysisSimplified, McGrawHillBookCo,1998.
3. JohnsonVictor, `Bridge Engineering’, Oxford IBH, NewDelhi,2000.

PAVEMENT MATERIALS
Subject Code : 14 CTE 12

OBJECTIVES:
· Explain the properties of aggregates and different test procedures and specifications
· Explain the origin, properties, constituents and preparation of bitumen and tar
· Explain about cut back bitumen and bitumen emulsions, test procedures and the uses
· Explain mechanism of stripping, adhesion failures and methods to improve adhesion
· Illustrate the bituminous mix design method.
· Explain in detail about HMA, WMA, CMA

OUTCOME:
After the completion of the course students should be
· Able to acquire and apply knowledge of properties of road aggregates in conducting various laboratory tests.
· Capable of remembering the properties and constitution of road binders
· Capable of remembering the constituents of bitumen emulsion, cut back bitumen and to conduct various tests on them
· Capable of analyzing adhesion failure and mechanism of stripping and the method to improve
· Qualified to design bituminous mix with Rothfutch method considering the required specifications

Module 1
Aggregates: Origin, classification, requirements, properties and tests on road aggregates, concepts of size and gradation – design gradation, maximum aggregate size, aggregate blending to meet specification

Module 2
Bitumen and Tar: Origin, preparation, properties and chemical constitution of bituminous road binders; requirements

Module 3
Bituminous Emulsions and Cutbacks: Preparation, characteristics, uses and tests Modified binders, HMA, WMA, CMA:

Module 4
Adhesion of Bituminous Binders to Road Aggregates: Adhesion failure, mechanism of stripping, tests and methods of improving adhesion

Module 5
Bituminous Mixes: Mechanical properties, dense and open textured mixes, flexibility and brittleness, (No Hveem Stabilometer & Hubbard-Field Tests) bituminous mix design methods using Rothfutch’s Method only and specification using different criteria – voids in mineral aggregates, voids in total mix, density, flow, stability, percentage voids filled with bitumen

TEXT BOOKS
1. RRL, D S I R , ` Bituminous Materials in Road Construction’, HMSO Publication
2. RRL, D S I R , ` Soil Mechanics for Road Engineers’, H M S O Publication

REFERENCES
1. Khanna, S.K., Justo, C.E.G., and Veeraragavan, A., `Highway Engineering’, Nem Chand and Bros, Roorkee, 2014.
2. Partha Chakroborty and Animesh Das, ‘Principles of Transportation Engineering’, Prentice Hall (India), New Delhi, 2011.
3. Relevant IRC and MoRTH Publications.

APPLIED SOIL MECHANICS AND GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES
Subject Code : 14 CTE 13

OBJECTIVES:
· Explain the origin, formation, classification of soil, index properties and their determination, types of soil exploration programmes
· Provide information shear strength of soil and its measurement, elastic properties of soil
· Explain various ground improvement techniques and the types of compaction and its effect on soil properties
· Explain the types of drains and various stabilization techniques
· Inform about the types of reinforcement and design principles, grouting techniques

OUTCOME:
After the completion of the course students should be
· Able to remember the soil classification systems, various soil exploration methods
· Capable of testing the soil to know the shear strength of soil
· Capable of remembering various ground improvement techniques, compaction methods and to analyze the effect of compaction on soil properties
· Capable of selecting different drains depending on soil condition, remember stabilization process of soil using lime, fly ash etc
· Able to design steep reinforced soil slopes, remember soil nailing principles and grouting techniques

Module 1
Introduction: Soil Mechanics applications to Highway Engineering. Soil formations, Types, Regional Soil deposits of India, Index properties, their determination, importance, various soil classification systems, HRB classification, problems on these.
Site Investigation: Introduction, Planning exploration programmes, Types of Exploration, Location and depth of Borings, Methods, Samplers, SPT, Subsoil investigation Report, Geophysical methods

Module 2
Shear strength of soil: Introduction, Importance, Measurements, shear strength of clay, Sand, Elastic properties of soil – Tangent, Secant modulus, Stress – Strain curves, Poisson’s ratio, Shear Modulus

Module 3
Ground improvements –Definition, Objectives of ground improvement, Classification of ground improvement techniques, Soil Compaction- Effect of grain size distribution on compaction for various soil types like lateritic soil, coarse-grained soil and micaceous soil. The Effects of compaction on engineering behaviour like compressibility, swelling and shrinkage, permeability, relative density, liquefaction potential. Field compaction – static, dynamic, impact and vibratory type. Shallow and deep compaction, Dynamic Compaction, Vibrofloatation

Module 4
Hydraulic modification –Definition, gravity drain, lowering of water table, multistage well point, vacuum dewatering. Vertical drains, Sand drains, Drainage of slopes, Electro kinetic dewatering, Preloading.
Chemical modification – Definition, cement stabilization, sandwich technique, admixtures. Hydration – effect of cement stabilization on permeability, Swelling and shrinkage and strength and deformation characteristics,. Stabilization using Fly ash.. Lime stabilization – suitability, process, criteria for lime stabilization. Other chemicals like chlorides, hydroxides, lignin and hydrofluoric acid. Bitumen, tar or asphalt in stabilization.

Module 5
Soil reinforcement: Historical background, RCC – Henry Vidal concept of reinforced earth – Mechanisms – Types of reinforcements –Internal & External stability criteria pertaining to retaining walls– Design Principles of steep reinforced soil slops – pavements – Embankments on soft soils, introduction to soil nailing concepts Miscellaneous Methods (Only Concepts & Uses): GROUTING: Introduction, Effect of grouting. Chemicals and materials used. Types of grouting, Grouting procedure, Applications of grouting. Thermal methods, Crib walls, Gabions and Mattresses, Anchors, Rock bolts, Stone Column, Micropiles.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engg. – Punmia B.C. (2005), 16th Edition Laxmi Publications Co., New Delhi.
2. Principles of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering- Murthy V.N.S. (1996), 4th Edition, UBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.

REFERENCES
1. Geotechnical Engineering; Braja, M. Das (2002), Fifth Edition, Thomson Business Information India (P) Ltd., India
2. Ground Improvement Techniques- Purushothama Raj P. (1999) Laxmi Publications, New Delhi
3. Construction and Geotechnical Method in Foundation Engineering- Koerner R.M. (1985) – Mc Graw Hill Pub. Co., New York.

URBAN TRANSPORTPLANNING
Subject Code : 14 CTE 14

IAMarks :50
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week :04 ExamHrs :03
Total no.of Lecture Hrs. :50 ExamMarks :100

OBJECTIVES
· Recall basic concepts and methods of urban transportation planning in the India.
· Summarize methods of designing, conducting and administering surveys to provide the data required for transportation planning.
· Examine and apply travel demand modelling, Mode Choice Modelling and Traffic Assignment Modelling.
· Formulate the need of land use modelling and illustrate land use models for urban transportation planning

OUTCOMES
After completion of the course the student will be able to
· Design and conduct surveys to provide the data required for transportation planning.
· Prepare zonal demand generation and attraction regression models.
· Prepare demand distribution models (gravity models) and modal split models for mode choice analysis.
· Develop and calibrate trip generation rates for specific types of land use developments.
· Compare among planning alternatives that best integrate multiple objectives such as technical feasibility and cost minimization.

MODULE 1
Introduction to transportation planning, various modes of transportationand comparisons, urban transportation system planning process, use andevaluation of various models.

MODULE 2
Transportation Planning Process:Introduction-Definition-Factors tobe considered; Landusetransportation planning;systemsapproach-Stages- InventoryofExisting Conditions-
Difficultiesinimplementation.

MODULE 3
Transport Surveys: BasicMovements-Study Area-Zones-Surveys-Planning ofdifferenttypesofsurveysandinterpretation, Traveldemand;Traffic surveys formasstransit systemplanning.

MODULE 4
Travel demand modeling: Trip generation, trip distribution, modal split analysis,trip assignment techniques, and various models, transportation compact study
methodologies.

MODULE 5
LandUseModels–Lowry Model-Hansen’sAccessibility Model-Density- SaturationGradientModel- Problems(ExceptionLowryModel)

TEXT BOOKS
1. Kadiyali L.R., Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning, Khanna Publishers
2. C. S. Papacostas, Fundamentals of Transportation System Analysis, PHI.

REFERENCES
1. B.G.Hutchinson, Principles of urban transportation system planning- McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974
2. S.C. Saxena, Traffic Planning and Design, DhanpatRai Pub., New Delhi.
3. Khisty, C J., Transportation Engineering – An Introduction, Prentice-Hall, NJ

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
Subject Code : 14 CTE 151

IA Marks :50
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week :04 Exam Hrs :03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. :50 Exam Marks :100

OBJECTIVES
· Explain the various modes of transportation with their relative merits and demerits
· List the various types of roads and road patterns, explain the importance of 20 year road development plans and current road projects in the country
· Explain the factors affecting development of harbours and ports and elements in harbour and port planning
· Categorize various the national waterways in the country with their important characteristics
· Explain the need of urban mass transportation in developing countries and compare the various modes of urban mass transportation systems

OUTCOMES
After completion of this course the student will be able to
· List, explain and compare the various modes of transportation with their relative merits and demerits
· Classify the various types of roads and road patterns, list the salient features of 20 year road development plans and discuss on current road projects in the country
· List and discuss on factors affecting development of harbours and ports and explain on elements in harbour and port planning
· List the various the national waterways in the country and explain their important characteristics
· Explain the need of urban mass transportation in developing countries and compare the various modes of urban mass transportation systems

Module 1
Introduction– Importance of transportation systems, Different modes, characteristics, their integration and comparison
Highway systems – Road type and classification, road patterns, phasing road development in India, salient features of 3rd and 4th twenty year road development plans, Present scenario of road development in India and in Karnataka.

Module 2
Railways systems– Role of railways in transportation, Advantages of railways, Indian railways, classification, present scenario of railway development in India, Modernization of railways, development of high and super high speed railways.

Module 3
Airports – .Overview of air transportation, Role of FAA and ICAO, air transport in India, types of airports, Heliports, STOL ports, complexities in airport planning, elements of airport planning, airport master plan, environmental impact.

Module 4
Harbours and Ports –Development of harbours and ports in India, characteristics, factors constraining development, elements of harbour and port planning, role of harbours and ports in transportation, National waterways, characteristics.

Module 5
Urban transportation systems –Importance of collective transportation v/s individual transportation, freight transportation, Physical system components of urban transportation, Overview of Mass rapid transit, Light rail transit, Personal rapid transit, guided way systems, Para transit systems, Mono rail, bus rapid transit systems

TEXT BOOKS
1. Khanna, S.K., Justo, C.E.G., and Veeraragavan, A., `Highway Engineering’, NemChandandBros,Roorkee
2. S.C.Saxena and S.P.Arora “A text book of Railway Engineering”, Dhanpat Rai publications

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Khanna, Arora and Jain, Airport planning and design, Nem Chand and Bros., Roorkee.
2. H P Oza and G H Oza, Docks and Harbour Engineering, Charotar Publishing House.
3. Alan Black, Urban Mass Transportation Planning, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN TRANSPORT PLANNING
Subject Code : 14 CTE 152

IAMarks :50
No. of Lecture Hrs/Week :04 ExamHrs :03
Total no.of Lecture Hrs. :50 ExamMarks :100

OBJECTIVES
· Explain the purpose of accurate mapping of all features under different spatial and temporal scales of all kinds of terrain and land under water bodies.
· Discuss on the advantages of remote sensing compared to traditional surveying techniques in terms of time, accuracy and output.
· Explain the purpose and methods of obtaining abstract data both spatial and temporally.
· Illustrate the application of GIS and remote sensing in solving real world transportation problems

OUTCOMES
After completion of the course the student should be able to
· Choose the remote sensing image from different sensors, resolutions, spatial and temporal scales.
· Explain and to comprehend large tracks of earth surface with less time and cost but more accuracy.
· Communicate to the common man his analysis of different problems developments, benefits by preparing different thematic maps.
· Apply GIS and remote sensing techniques in solving real world transportation problems

Module 1
Introduction to remote sensing: Definition – Components of Remote Sensing – Energy, Sensor, Interacting Body –Active and Passive Remote Sensing – Platforms – Aerial and Space Platforms –Balloons, Helicopters, Aircraft and Satellites – Electromagnetic Radiation – EMR Spectrum

Module 2
Introduction to GIS: Basic Concept and Components – Hardware, Software – Data Spatial and non-spatial – Geo-referencing – Map Projection – Types of Projection – Simple Analysis – Data retrieval and querying

Module 3
Data structures and analysis: Database – Raster and Vector data structures – Data storage – Run length, Chain and Block coding – Vector data storage – Topology – GIS Modeling – Raster and Vector data analysis – Buffering and overlaying techniques – Network Analysis – Spatial Analysis

Module 4
Basic applications in transportation: Highway and Railway Alignment, location of transport terminals and roadside facilities, bus stops – Route optimization – Bus route rationalization – Accident analysis – Applications of Aerial Photography and Satellite Imageries

Module 5
Advanced applications: GIS as an integration technology – Integration of GIS, GPS and Remote Sensing Techniques – Advanced Traveller Information System (ATIS) – Automatic Vehicle Location System (AVLS)

TEXT BOOKS
1. Anji Reddy, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York, 1987.
2. M.G.Srinivas, Remote Sensing Applications, Narosa Publishing House, 2001

REFERENCES
1. .Burrough P.A, Principles of GIS for Land Resources Assessment, Oxford Publication, 1994.
2. Jeffrey Star and John Ester, Geographical Information System – An Introduction, Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffe, 1990.
3. Marble, D.F, Calkins, H.W and Penquest, Basic Readings in GIS, Speed System Ltd., New York, 1984

APPLIED STATISTICS IN TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Subject Code : 14 CTE 153

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
· Explain different statistical methods used in transportation engineering problems, measures of central tendency, correlations methods
· Illustrate the use of probability and discrete distributions in transportation engineering problems
· Explain significance testing to check goodness of fit
· Explain time series analysis
· Explain different graphical methods and statistical software packages useful in transportation engineering field

OUTCOME:
After the completion of the course students should be
· Able to use appropriate statistical method in transportation engineering problems
· Capable of applying the rule of probability and discrete distributions in solving problems
· Capable of testing the goodness of fit by using statistical decision
· Able to apply the knowledge of optimization technique and use statistical software in analysis of transportation engineering problems

Module 1
Introduction: Statistical methods, scope and limitations, population and sample, frequency stributionmeasure of central tendency-measures of Dispersion- standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skewness.
Variables -scatter diagram, Curve fitting methods, correlation linear regression and multiple linear regressions. Multivariate data analysis.

Module 2
Probability: Review, Addition & Multiplication Rules, random Variables, Discrete distributions – Binomial & Poisson Distributions, Continuous Distribution – Uniform, Exponential, Gamma & normal Distributions, applications in transportation engineering problems.

Module 3
Statistical decisions, hypothesis testing, significance levels – Tests concerning Mean, testing the equality of means of two populations, tests concerning the variance. Chi –square Test for goodness of fit. Confidence Interval.

Module 4
Time series analysis- introduction –moving average- Problems

Module 5
Optimization technique and applications: Graphical Method –Simplex Method-Big-M method-2 –Phase Simplex method- applications in transportation engineering problems. Use of mathematical and statistical software packages

TEXT BOOKS
1. Gupta, S.C. and Kapoor V.K. Fundamentals of Mathematical statistics, Sultan Chand and Sons, 1978.
2. Medhi J (1982) Introduction to statistics. New age publications, New Delhi

REFERENCES
1. Kadiyali L.R. Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning, Khanna Publishers, 2004
2. Johnson R and G. Bhattacharya (1985): Statistics – principles and methods. John Wiley, N Y,
3. Ross S. M. Probability and statistics for Engineers. Wiley Int. Edition

TRAFFIC ENGINEERING – 1
Subject Code : 14 CTE 11

IA Marks : 50
No. of Lecture Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 50 Exam Marks : 100

OBJECTIVES:
· Provide an insight on traffic and its components, factors affecting road traffic and the design of intersection
· Explain sampling of data, analysis and interpretation of data in conducting various surveys
· Explain traffic movements, types of intersections, islands, crossings and their design.
· Illustrate the design of signals and explain the redesigning of existing signals
· Provide an insight on traffic regulations, pollution caused by traffic and the method of controlling pollution

OUTCOME:
After the completion of the course students should be
· Able to acquire and apply knowledge of traffic, its components, factors affecting road traffic in intersection design.
· Able to apply the knowledge of sampling data in conducting various surveys and analysis
· Capable of understanding traffic movements and designing islands, intersections and road lightings
· Capable of designing signals, redesigning the existing signals
· Able to remember traffic regulations, impact of noise pollution , air pollution and the method of controlling them

Module 1
Introduction: Objectives and scope of traffic engineering. Components of road traffic the vehicle, driver and road. Road user characteristics; human and vehicle characteristics, factors affecting road traffic; methods of measurement. Traffic manoeuvres and Stream Characteristics; application in intersection design.

Module 2
Traffic Engineering Studies and Analysis: Sampling in Traffic Studies, Adequacy of Sample Size; Objectives, methods of traffic study, equipment, data collection, analysis and interpretation (including case studies) of (i) Spot speed (ii) Speed and delay (iii) Volume (iv) Origin – Destination (v) Parking (vi) Accident studies.

Module 3
Design of Traffic Engineering Facilities: Control of Traffic Movements through Time Sharing and Space Sharing Concepts; Design of Channelizing Islands, T, Y, Skewed, Staggered, Roundabout, Mini-roundabout and other forms of at-Grade Crossings including provision for safe crossing of Pedestrians and Cyclists; Grade Separated Intersections, their Warrants and Design Features; Design of Road Lighting.

Module 4
Traffic Control Devices: Traffic signs, markings, islands and signals. Different methods of signal design; redesign of existing signal including case studies. Signal system and co-ordination.

Module 5
Traffic Regulations and Control: General regulations: Regulations on Vehicles, drivers and flow; Other regulations and control. Traffic management; noise and air pollution due to road traffic and method of control.
Note: Field and lab studies are to be carried out.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Kadiyali, L.R. `Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning’, Khanna Publishers.
2. Khanna, S.K., Justo, C.E.G., and Veeraragavan, A., `Highway Engineering’, Nem Chand and Bros, Roorkee, 2014

REFERENCES
1. Papacostas, C.A.,, Fundamentals of Transportation Engineering’, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.2000.
2. William R. Mc. Shane and Roger P. Roess, ‘Traffic Engineering’, Prentice hall, New Jersey,2000.
3. IRC and IS Publications

PAVEMENT MATERIALS TESTING LAB
Subject Code : 14 CTE 16

IA Marks : 25
No. of Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hrs : 03
Total no. of sessions : 12 Exam Marks : 50

OBJECTIVES:
· Explain the properties of aggregates and different test procedure of conduction and specifications
· Explain procedures of conducting tests on neat bitumen and modified bitumen
· Explain Rothfutch method of marshal mix design
· Explain CBR test to know the strength characteristics of soil
· Explain procedure for different tests on cement and mix design

OUTCOME:
After the completion of the course students should be
· Able to test the aggregates for different properties
· Able to test neat and modified bitumen
· Qualified to design bituminous mix Rothfutch method of marshal mix design
· Capable of analyzing the strength of soil by conducting CBR test
· Able to analyze the properties of cement and do concrete mix design

TESTS ON AGGREGATES
Basic tests such as crushing strength, abrasion value, impact value, combined index value, specific gravity and water absorption.

TEST ON NEAT AND MODIFIED BITUMEN
Basic tests on neat bitumen such as penetration, softening point, viscosity, ductility, flash and fire point and specific gravity.
Basic tests on modified bitumen such as penetration, softening point, viscosity, elastic recovery, flash and fire point, specific gravity and loss on heating.

TEST ON BITUMINOUS MIXES
Proportioning of materials by Rothfutch’s method and Mix design by Marshall Method.

TEST ON SOILS
CBR test.
TEST ON CEMENT& CONCRETE
Basic tests on cement concrete such as workability test, soundness test, compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength. Concrete mix design.

REFERENCES
1. Relevant IS and IRC codes
2. Khanna, S.K., Justo, C.E.G., and Veeraragavan, A., `Highway Materials and Pavement Testing’, Nem Chand and Bros, Roorkee
3. Gambhir, M. L., ‘Concrete Manual’, Dhanpat Rai and sons New Delhi

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