VTU Textile Technology 6th Semester Syllabus

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STATISTICAL APPLICATIONS TO TEXTILES
Subject Code : 10TX61

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
The concept of individual population and samples-Frequency distribution and its representation- Construction of frequency diagrams with applications. 6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Statistical measures and their practical applications. Measures of central tendency. Measures of dispersion.
7 Hours

UNIT – 3
Random sampling errors, relations between samples and populations, confidence interval. 6 Hours

UNIT – 4
The normal distribution- counts of proportions and counts of random events, binomial and Poisson distributions. 7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
Control charts, their uses and limitations in control of quality. 7 Hours

UNIT – 6
Test of significance. For means and dispersions, chi- square test. 7 Hours

UNIT – 7
Analysis of variance-One way & two way. 6 Hours

UNIT – 8
Correlation and Correlation co- efficient. Regression Analysis. Time series. 6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Textile Testing,-J.E. Booth, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 1996
  • 2. Statistics For Textile Technologists- L.H. C. Tippet, Textile Institute, Manchester 1973
  • 3. Handbook of Textile Testing and Quality control- Hamby Grower, Wiley Eastern Pvt. Ltd. Delhi 1969.
  • 4. Practical Statistics for Textile Industry-Part-1 & 2, Gave-Leaf, Textile Institute, 1984

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

TEXTILE MECHANICS AND CALCULATIONS
Subject Code : 10TX653

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Equations of Motion- Motion in a circle- Transmission of motion by wheel gearing. V-Belt Drives – Comparison of flat and V-belts, Belt slippage, Effect of belt thickness, effect of initial tension on the belt. Effect of centrifugal force, horse power transmitted. Belt materials. Factors affecting the selection of Vbelts, Joints in belting. 6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Brief explanation of fast and loose Pulleys, guides, jockey or rider and grooved pulleys. Rope and Chain Drives: Driving by gears, determination of speed ratios in simple and compound gear train. 6 Hours

UNIT – 3
Draft factor, rack and pinion and screw traversing mechanisms, determination of speed ratio in epicyclic gear train. Sun and Planet gears as transmission gear- application in spinning and weaving machinery. Stepped pulleys. 7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Construction of heart shaped 3- leaved and combined build cams for spinning machinery. Different between Tappets and cam construction for 1/1,2/1,1/2 and 1/3 weaves. 7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
Study of eccentricity and its effects, construction of displacement, velocity and acceleration diagrams. 6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Brief study of clutches and brakes – Application in Textile machineries, kinetics and dynamics of shedding, picking beating – up ,take up and let-off mechanism Derivation showing frictional force F is directly proportional to the distance of weight from the fulcrum in friction let off mechanisms. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
Essential weaving calculations like winding rate in double flanged bobbins, cheese, cone, precision winders. Production related to winding, warping, sizing, reed calculations. Problems related to loom production and efficiency. 7 Hours

UNIT – 8
Yam calculations, yarn count, systems, conversion from one count to other, within the system and between the system. Details about average count and resultant count. Cloth calculations, Calculation of fabric weight, average count, warp and weft calculations. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Textiles Mathematics- Vol .1,2,3″ J .E.Booth, f Butterworths Pub London., 1950. .
  • 2. Textile Mechanics -Vol 1&2,K.Slater, Textile Institute I Pub., 1979′
  • 3. Weaving Calculation-Sen Gupta ,D.B. Tarparwala & Sons .,1956

REFERENCE BOOK:

  • 1. Mechanics of Textile Machinery- W .A. Hanton, Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1950.

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

FASHION DESIGN AND GARMENT MANUFACTURE
Subject Code : 10TX63

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Terms and definitions used in fashion and Garment Industries. The art and techniques of Body easurements and standard sizes. Psychological and sociological influences of dress, fashion design as applied to clothing and appearance. Elements of design. Selection of fabrics for suitable end uses. 6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Principles and practices of pattern making, Grading, Computer applied pattern making and grading. Initiation of pre-production operation, Marker planning, Marker making, spreading, cutting, Numbering & bundling. 8 Hours

UNIT – 3
Study of stitches and seams. Seam appearance & performance. Study of sewing threads, sewing machine fundamentals, work aids. 7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Pressing equipments. Fusing, Advantages of fusing, Requirements of fusing, Fusing process, Fusing Equipment and materials used for fusing, Methods of fusing. Methods of fusing. 6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
Support material – purpose of support material, interlining, zippers, buttons and button holes. 6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Closures- snaps, hooks and loop tape, elastic. Trims – types and sources of trims. Garment quality control – inspection of garments under different AQL standards like 2.5, 3.0 and 4.0. Methods of metal detecting in garments. 7 Hours

UNIT – 7
Sourcing of materials & production – Role of sourcing, sourcing materials, Inspection of fabrics under 4 point & 10 point systems. 6 Hours

UNIT – 8
Concept of Production planning, productivity, resource management. Apparel Engineering- Basic concepts, work flow, apparel production systems. Work study. Objects and concept of Costing. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. The Technology Of Clothing Manufacture- Carr H. & Latham B., 1988, Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford England
  • 2. Metric Pattern Cutting- Aldrich W 1992, blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford England
  • 3. Apparel Manufacturing- Ruth E. Glock, Grace I. KunzPHI Publication, UK

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Pattern Cutting for Womens Outwear- Gerry Cooklin, 1994, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford England.
  • 2. The NIFT Book of Grading and sizing- Vol I and II, Published by NIFT, New Delhi
  • 3. Fashion Source Book- by Kathryn Mikelvey, 1996, Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford England
  • 4. Fusing Technology- Cooklin G, 1990, The Textile Institute, Manchester, England

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

FABRIC STRUCTUR AND DESIGN
Subject Code : 10TX64

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Classification of woven fabrics. Elements of woven fabric structure. Construction and analysis of thread interlacing diagrams and cross-sectional diagrams. Methods of weave representation. Conditions and requirements of various drawing in drafts (DID) 6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Characteristics of fundamental weaves and fabrics. Ornamentation of plain fabrics. Modification of plain weaves. Special Rib & Cord structures. Twill weaves and fabrics, Twist & twist interactions. Derivatives of twill weaves. 6 Hours

UNIT – 3
Diamond and diaper designs. Satin & Sateen weaves. Simple fancy weaves such as honeycomb, brighten honeycomb, Huck a back, sponge-weaves, Mock leno, crepe & corkscrew weaves. 7Hours

UNIT – 4
Distorted tread effects. Combined weaves to construct longitudinal stripes, cross stripes, check effects. Bed ord cord weaves and fabrics. 7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
BIS standards for the important commercial fabrics. Application of different design and their utility in textile fabrics. Colour and weave effects. Classification of colour and weave effects and their application in textile fabrics. 6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Various bases of textile design for figured arrangements. Light and pigment colour theory. Classification of colours. Attributes of colours. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
Modifications of colours. Color harmony and color contrast. Mixed colored effects with the aid of fibre mixtured yarns, twist yarn mixtures and combined colored threads in the fabrics. 7 Hours

UNIT – 8
Application of special weaves and special yarns in special colour and weave effects. Brief study of history of textile design. Brief study of various historical designs with respect to their main features. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Woven Cloth Construction, ATC Robinson and Marks-extile Institute Pub, Manchester, 1973
  • 2. Watson Design and Colour- Z. J. Grosicki, Universal Pub Corp, 1988

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Grammar of Textile Design-H. Nisbet pub, D. B. Taraporewala and sons, 1985
  • 2. Design of Woven Fabrics-Blinov, Shibabaw Balay, MIR Pub 1989
  • 3. Fundamentals of woven Structure-Edward I Golec, ITT Pub Lowell Mass 1958
  • 4. Modern Textile Design and Production- R. H. Wright, National Trade Press, London 1970
  • 5. History of Textile Design- V. A. Shenai, Sevak Pub Ltd, 1974.

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

ELECTIVE-I (Group A)
NONWOVEN TECHNOLOGY
Subject Code : 10TX651

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Introduction to non-woven fabric, comparison with other fabric forming methods, Classification of nonwoven (various approaches). 6 Hours

UNIT – 2
Fibres used in non-woven and their testing, Characteristic features and properties of non-woven fabrics, Identification of non-woven. 6 Hours

UNIT – 3
MANUFACTURE OF NON-WOVEN: Dry methods- various methods of web preparation (opening, blending and cleaning machines used)technology used in production of parallel, cross-laid and random laid webs, web laying, machines. 7 Hours

UNIT – 4
WET METHODS: principles and raw materials, web laying, concept of drift deposition. Adhesive bonding: bonding agents and their application, bonding mechanisms, factors influencing the process, conditions for providing necessary adhesions, various method of adhesive bonding. Mechanical bonding: introduction to needle punching, passage of material though needle loom, pre-needling, specification of a needle, various constructional details of needles. 7 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
various types of needle arrangements, technical particular like needling density, web weight, depth of needle penetration and their relation, needling speed and its effects, fabric structure and properties, patterning major uses of needled fabrics. Research studies on needle punching. 6 Hours

UNIT – 6
Brief outline of thermal and cohesive methods of non-woven production, Details of spun bonding and spun lacing methods, Melt blown technology in non-woven production. FINISHING OF NON-WOVEN: methods, dyeing and, printing, coating, lamination and special finishing techniques. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
STRUCTURE AND PROPERTY RELATION IN NON-WOVEN: Structure of non woven, effect of fibre, web and processing parameters on the non- woven fabric properties, theory of mechanics of nonwoven, testing of non-woven. 7 Hours

UNIT – 8
APPLICATION OF NON-WOVEN: A detailed study of application on non woven in medical field, home applications, shoes and leather industries” electrical industry, Applications as technical textile in automobiles etc. 7 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Non woven -Radko croma, Textile Trade Press, Manchester, 1971.
  • 2. Non woven bonded fabrics- J.Lunenscoloss, Et aI, Ellis Hotwood, London, 1985.
  • 3. Needle Punching – Purdy, The Textile Institute, Manchester, 1980.
  • 4. Research Study on Needle Punched Fabrics- Subramanyam and Madhusudhanan, International Conference, 1.1. T Delhi, 1993.
  • 5. Needle punching – Mrstina and Tejqi, Elsevier,New-York,1990.
  • 6. International Seminar on Non-Woven Book of Papers Published by BITRA, 1990.
  • 7. Non-Woven in 71-John and Willey Eastern publications, 1980.
  • 8. Non -Woven Materials and Recent Developments- Gilies Noyes by Dara Corporation, New- Jersey, USA, 1979.
  • 9. Melt Blown Technique of Non Woven, Sanjeev Malkan, 1987.
  • 10. Non-Woven Manufacture -Prof.N.N. Banerjee.
  • 11. Non-Woven Manufacture -Encyclopedia of Textiles, Textile Institute, London.

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMNT IN TEXTILE INDUSTRY
Subject Code : 10TX652

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART – A

UNIT – 1
Quality of Water. Water quality requirements for textile processing. 7 Hours

UNIT – 2
SEWAGE- DEFINITION- characteristics of sewage, general methods of treatment of sewage, disposal of sewage. 6 Hours

UNIT – 3
INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS: The disposal of industrial effluents in to streams. Characteristics of textile  mill effluents, disposal and effect on the receiving streams. 7 Hours

UNIT – 4
Noise pollution, causes of noise pollution, effects of noise pollution, remedial measures. Methods of noise control in textile mills. 6 Hours

PART – B

UNIT – 5
Brief discussion about different instruments used in analysis of effluents. 7 Hours

UNIT – 6
Pollution and its impact on ecology, environment and society. 6 Hours

UNIT – 7
Sources of pollution and its control. Various methods of industrial waste water treatment. Treatment of effluents received from textile wet processing industries. 7 Hours

UNIT – 8
Role of filter fabrics in pollution control. Indian pollution acts, their role and effectiveness. Recent developments in pollution control in various processes in textile mills and manufacturing plants. 6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS:

  • 1. Water Supply and sewage-Mc Graw Hill Publication
  • 2. Waste Water Treatment- International Publication, M. N. Rao and A. K. Dutta
  • 3. Waste Water Engg Treatment Disposal Sewage- Tata Mc Graw Hill Publication
  • 4. Pollution and its Control-Chand Publication

REFERENCE BOOKS:

  • 1. Efficient use of Fuel- H. M. S. D. Publication London 1958.
  • 2. Energy Resources- Demand and Conservation with Special Reference to India, C. Kashjan

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

TEXTILE TESTING – 1
Subject Code : 10TX62

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 100

PART –A

UNIT 1:
Introduction to textile testing & quality control. Sampling techniques. Conditioning of Testing lab and textile materials. Moisture regain and its measurement by various techniques. 6 Hours

UNIT 2:
Fiber dimensions Viz., length, fineness, maturity and strength- technological importance & determination by various conventional methods. Nep counting. 7 Hours

UNIT 3:
Study of High Volume Instruments (HVI) and AFIS. FQI & its importance. 7 Hours

UNIT 4:
Study of various systems of yarn count & its measurements by various methods & instruments. 6 Hours

PART –B

UNIT 5:
Yarn twist & its effects on yarn & fabric properties. Importance of twist multiplier. Study of yarn density. 6 Hours

UNIT 6:
Principles & measurements of single yarn and double yarn twist. Yarn friction and its measurement. 7 Hours

UNIT 7:
Yarn strength & its importance. Methods and principles of yarn strength testing. 6 Hours

UNIT 8:
Study of norms and standards pertaining to above fibre and yarn properties. 7 Hours

Text Books:

  • 1. Physical testing of textiles – B.P. Soville, Wood Head – 1999.
  • 2. Principles of Textile Testing, Booth J. E., Butterworth, Wendon III Edition.
  • 3. Handbook of Textile Testing and Quality Control, Grover and Hamby, Wiley Easster Pvt. Lt., New Delhi 1969.
  • 4. Physical Properties of textile fibres, Morton and Hearle, The Textile Institute, London.
  • 5. Textile Testing, Sinkle –T. B. Taraurwal sons and co. Pvt Ltd., Bombay.
  • 6. Characteristics of raw cotton- Textile Institute.

References:

  • 1. Textile Testing, James Lomak, Longmans, Green and Co. London.
  • 2. B.I.S. Handbook, BIS publivcations, 1985.
  • 3. B.S.Handbook, B S Publications 1985.
  • 4. ASTM standard ASTM publication 1985.
  • 5. Handbook of Methods of tests for cotton fibres, yarn and Fabrics, CTRL, Bombay
  • 6. Kock, Chemical Testing of Textiles, Chapman and Hall, London.
  • 7. Cotton assessment and appreciation, SITRA, Coimbatore.
  • 8. Keshavan and other, Physical Testing –I and II, SSMITT, Tamilnadu 1987.

Question Paper Pattern:
Answer any five full questions selecting at least two questions from Part-A and Part-B.

TEXTILE TESTING LAB –1
Subject Code : 10TXL66

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 50

Fibre Tests:

1. Identification of textile fibres by physical methods.
2. Determination of fibre maturity.
3. Determination of Nep count by Shirley Nep count template
4. Determination of Ginning percentage
5. Determination of fibre length parameters.
6. Determination of fibre fineness.
7. Determination of fibre strength.
8. Blend analysis by chemical methods.
9. Determination of moisture content and regain of textile materials.

Yarn Tests:

1. Determination of yarn count
2. Determination of single and ply yarn twist.
3. Determination of lea strength and CSP.
4. Determination of single yarn strength and elongation.
5. Determination of yarn friction.

FASHION DESIGN AND GARMENT MANUFACTURE LAB
Subject Code : 10TXL67

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 50

1. Method of tacking body measurements.
2. Pattern making practice.
3. Collection and study of woven and knitted fabric characteristics. .
4. Study of different types of sewing machines.
5. Study of fusible interlinings and coated interlinings for their characteristics and applications.
6. Study of various buttons, labels and decorative materials for their characteristics and applications.
7. Study of sewing and embroidery threads.
8. Practice of stitching methods – types of stitched seams, stitching of garments, different varieties like woven, knitted and silk fabrics
9. Computer aided marker preparation for Men’s, Women’s and Children’s Wear.
10. Calculation of marker efficiency using manual and CAD method.
11. Grading of garment for Men’s and Women’s wear.
12. Digitization of garment components using readymade garment and grading the same.

FABRIC STRUCTUR AND DESIGN LAB
Subject Code : 10TXL68

IA Marks : 25
Exam Marks : 50

1. Analysis of Plain wave fabrics
2. Analysis of Twill weave fabrics
3. Analysis of Honey comb weave fabrics
4. Analysis of Huck back weave fabrics
5. Analysis of Mock leno weave and other toweling fabrics
6. Analysis of Satin weave fabrics
7. Analysis of Sateen weave fabrics
8. Creation of stripes and checks effect on paper using suitable colours
9. Creation of floral design on paper by suitable colours
10. Creation of animation patterns and other designs on paper by suitable colours
11. Creation of suitable designs on dobby looms
13. Creation of suitable designs on jacquard

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